TGF- β1 stimulates epithelial–mesenchymal transition and cancer-associated myoepithelial cell during the progression from in situ to invasive breast cancer

The progression of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) into invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) is prevented by normal breast myoepithelial cells. Studies have suggested that EMT-associated genes were enriched in IDC ...
Source: Cancer Cell International - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Primary research Source Type: research

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Mittal Miller The mechanisms that drive ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) progression to invasive cancer are not clear. Studying DCIS progression in humans is challenging and not ethical, thus necessitating the characterization of an animal model that faithfully resembles human disease. We have characterized a canine model of spontaneous mammary DCIS and invasive cancer that shares histologic, molecular, and diagnostic imaging characteristics with DCIS and invasive cancer in women. The purpose of the study was to identify markers and altered signaling pathways that lead to invasive cancer and shed light on early m...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
In this study, we aimed to evaluate the prognostic significance of CTSV in DCIS. METHODS: CTSV protein expression was immunohistochemically assessed in a well-characterised and annotated cohort of DCIS comprising pure DCIS (n=776) and DCIS coexisting with IBC (n=239). CTSV expression was analysed in tumour cells and surrounding stroma, including its association with clinicopathological parameters and outcome. RESULTS: In pure DCIS, high CTSV expression was observed in 29% of epithelial tumour cells and 20% of surrounding stroma. High expression in both components was associated with features of poor prognosis inc...
Source: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: J Clin Pathol Source Type: research
Conclusion: The findings of this study are comparable to results in the literature on OPS and demonstrate that OPS is an attractive alternative to standard lumpectomy for Canadian general surgeons who treat breast cancer. PMID: 31995336 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Source: Canadian Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Can J Surg Source Type: research
This study compared the prevalence of breast and other cancers in women with monoallelic and biallelicCHEK2 PVs.MethodsCHEK2 PV carriers were identified through commercial hereditary cancer panel testing (09/2013 –07/2019). We compared cancer histories of 6473 monoallelic carriers to 31 biallelic carriers. Breast cancer risks were estimated using multivariate logistic regression and are reported as odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI).ResultsBreast cancer frequency was higher among biallelicCHEK2 PV carriers (80.6%, 25/31) than monoallelic carriers (41.2%, 2668/6473;p 
Source: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Mammography was more accurate than ultrasonography in measuring the largest cancer diameter in DCIS of breast cancer. The correlation coefficient improved in the group of almost entirely fatty/ scattered areas of fibroglandular dense breast or in microcalcification negative group. PMID: 31975667 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Current Medical Imaging Reviews - Category: Radiology Tags: Curr Med Imaging Rev Source Type: research
ConclusionThis demonstrates procoagulant phenotypic changes occur in fibroblasts at the preinvasive stage. Fibroblast procoagulant phenotype is associated with aggressive breast cancer subtypes and reduced survival. Coagulation may be a therapeutic target in breast cancer.
Source: Cancer Medicine - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
Abstract PURPOSE: To update key recommendations of the American Society of Clinical Oncology/College of American Pathologists estrogen (ER) and progesterone receptor (PgR) testing in breast cancer guideline. METHODS: A multidisciplinary international Expert Panel was convened to update the clinical practice guideline recommendations informed by a systematic review of the medical literature. RECOMMENDATIONS: The Expert Panel continues to recommend ER testing of invasive breast cancers by validated immunohistochemistry as the standard for predicting which patients may benefit from endocrine therapy, and no...
Source: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: J Clin Oncol Source Type: research
Abstract PURPOSE.—: To update key recommendations of the American Society of Clinical Oncology/College of American Pathologists estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PgR) testing in breast cancer guideline. METHODS.—: A multidisciplinary international Expert Panel was convened to update the clinical practice guideline recommendations informed by a systematic review of the medical literature. RECOMMENDATIONS.—: The Expert Panel continues to recommend ER testing of invasive breast cancers by validated immunohistochemistry as the standard for predicting which patients may benef...
Source: Archives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine - Category: Laboratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Arch Pathol Lab Med Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: There was no relationship between FoxP3+ TIL numbers and cancer progression as reflected in tumor size and axillary lymph node in patients with SBBC. Aggressive biological factors, especially high NG, were significantly related to enhanced recruitment of FoxP3+ TILs. PMID: 31933123 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Breast Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Breast Cancer Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewWe aim to review the appearance of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) across the spectrum of imaging modalities used in common clinical practice.Recent FindingsChanges in technology and clinical breast cancer screening patterns have impacted the imaging evaluation of DCIS. DCIS classically presents as asymptomatic calcifications in women undergoing screening mammography. The replacement of traditional 2D mammography with digital breast tomosynthesis has changed the typical appearance of screen-detected DCIS. Ultrasound is traditionally utilized to detect DCIS in women with clinical symptoms, but effor...
Source: Current Breast Cancer Reports - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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