Incidence, Risk Factors, and Clinical Outcomes of Acute Kidney Injury Caused by Palliative Chemotherapy in Lung Cancer

Purpose: Acute kidney injury (AKI) affects cancer therapy outcome and increases morbidity and mortality in cancer patients. We investigated the incidence, risk factors, and clinical outcomes of AKI caused by palliative chemotherapy in lung cancer patients.Materials and Methods: Between January 2005 and November 2014, 207 lung cancer patients who had been treated with first-line palliative chemotherapy were enrolled. Renal function was assessed during every cycle of chemotherapy. AKI was defined based on changes in serum creatinine levels as described in the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes guidelines. Clinical outcomes were evaluated depending on AKI occurrence during the first-line chemotherapy.Results: Of the 207 patients, 36 (17.4%) experienced AKI. Among the 36 patients who developed AKI during chemotherapy, 33 (91.8%) had AKI stage I. Although 19 patients (52.7%) with AKI during chemotherapy progressed to chronic kidney disease (CKD), no patients were reported to progress to end-stage renal disease (ESRD). The number of chemotherapy cycles was independently associated with chemotherapy-induced AKI in multivariate analysis (OR = 1.71, 95% CI 1.29-2.26, p
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research

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Conclusion: Age predominantly determines whether patients with lung cancer undergo anti-cancer treatment.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Lung cancer Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundIt has been reported that 20% of lung cancer patients have renal impairment caused by chronic kidney disease (CKD). Since docetaxel is predominantly excreted by the hepatobiliary system, it is administered to non ‐small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with renal impairment. However, few clinical data are available on the toxicity and efficacy of docetaxel for patients with nondialysis renal impairment. Furthermore, some cases of tubular nephrotoxicity caused by docetaxel in NSCLC patients have been repor ted. Therefore, a retrospective cohort study was conducted to assess the influence of nondialysis ...
Source: Thoracic Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
AbstractCancer is the second leading cause of death in the USA, and cardiovascular disease is the second leading cause of morbidity and mortality among cancer survivors. Cancer survivors share common risk factors for cardiovascular disease with non-cancer patients. With improved survival, cancer patients become susceptible to treatment-related toxicity often involving the heart. The impact of concurrent malignancy on outcomes particularly among heart failure patients is an area of active research. We studied the trends in the prevalence of a concurrent diagnosis of breast, prostate, colorectal, and lung cancer among admiss...
Source: Heart Failure Reviews - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Conclusion and Perspectives The IL-6/JAK/STAT signaling cascade plays a dominant role in skeletal muscle pathophysiology. IL-6 autocrine, paracrine, and endocrine functions assign to its downstream effectors pivotal importance in skeletal muscle-wasting-associated diseases and other multiple system diseases where muscle acts in communication with other organs. Targeting the components of the JAK/STAT pathway recently emerged as a strategic approach for the treatment of inflammatory diseases and human cancer. This review highlights the opposite outcomes on muscle biology caused by the amount of local and systemic release ...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Periodontal disease is significantly and positively correlated with increased risk of hypertension in Chinese population, and exact mechanisms of this association should be explored in future. Introduction Periodontal disease is a complex polymicrobial inflammation, including gingivitis and periodontitis. According to the 2015 Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study, the prevalence of severe chronic periodontitis in 2015 has reached 616 million (Kassebaum et al., 2017). In China, the periodontal disease standardized DALYs rate has risen from 24.7 in 1990 to 25.7 in 2013 according to the data from 2013 GBD ...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 April 2019Source: Journal of Sport and Health ScienceAuthor(s): Xin Luan, Xiangyang Tian, Haixin Zhang, Rui Huang, Na Li, Peijie Chen, Ru WangAbstractA growing understanding of the benefits of exercise over the past few decades has prompted researchers to take an interest in the possibilities of exercise therapy. Because each sport has its own set of characteristics and physiological complications that tend to appear during exercise training, the effects and underlying mechanisms of exercise remain unclear. Thus, the first step in probing exercise effects on different diseases is the s...
Source: Journal of Sport and Health Science - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research
In this study they also showed PTX3 localized in NETs formed after neutrophil activation (5). Proteomics analysis revealed that PTX3 forms complexes with two anti-microbial proteins [azurocidin (AZU1) and myeloperoxidase (MPO)] associated to NETs (30). More recently, PTX3 localization in NETs has been confirmed, and the colocalization with AZU1 and MPO has been defined more accurately (31). Further investigation will be needed to understand the involvement of PTX3 interaction with AZU1 and MPO in their antibacterial role during NET formation. Regulation of Complement Activation PTX3 interaction with microorganisms is not...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Sharing details, Kamboj said the the Mumbai-based company is currently working on developing various products, including two major ones to treat chronic kidney diseases and lung cancer.
Source: The Economic Times Healthcare and Biotech News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news
BackgroundThe survival outcomes of lung cancer patients with coexisting chronic kidney disease (CKD) reported in the literature have been conflicting. We evaluate whether the survival of lung cancer patients with and without CKD differ significantly using two different formulas.MethodsA retrospective, multicenter, propensity ‐matched study of lung cancer patients with and without CKD was conducted. CKD was defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)
Source: Thoracic Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
IntroductionBased on improvement of overall survival (OS), lenalidomide (R) maintenance after up-front autologous stem cell transplantation has recently been approved for multiple myeloma (MM) patients (pts). Conversely, in transplant non-eligible (TNE) pts R maintenance after R-based induction improved progression free survival (PFS) but had no impact on OS. First-line treatment with VMP is considered a standard of care for newly diagnosed (ND) TNE pts, but whether maintenance therapy with R after VMP induction can further improve PFS and OS is currently unknown.AimsThe prospective phase IIb GERMAIN trial (EudraCT-No: 201...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 653. Myeloma: Therapy, excluding Transplantation: Poster I Source Type: research
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