The challenge for regulatory agencies around the world in the use of glyphosate

Resumo Este artigo avalia a rela ção de custos entre a saúde pública e a implementação do saneamento básico na capital da Guiné-Bissau. Analisaram-se seis cenários, incluindo três opções para o sistema de esgotamento sanitário (sistema coletivo com rede coletora e estação elevatória de esgoto, sistema simplificado i ndividual por latrina e sistema coletivo completo com rede coletora, estação elevatória e estação de tratamento de esgoto) e duas para o sistema de abastecimento de água (captação direta e sistema completo com captação, reservação e distribuição). Quanto à saúde pública, considerara m-se os custos com recursos humanos e programas de assistência social, medicamentos, vacinas e internações relacionados às doenças de veiculação hídrica, malária e cólera. A relação de custos de 4,29 no cenário mais eficiente de saneamento básico foi similar ao valor encontrado na lite ratura da área. Em outras palavras, para cada dólar investido no saneamento básico existe uma economia aproximada de 4,3 dólares com a saúde. Além disso, as curvas potenciais da relação de custos, em razão do cenár...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

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Resumo Este artigo avalia a rela ção de custos entre a saúde pública e a implementação do saneamento básico na capital da Guiné-Bissau. Analisaram-se seis cenários, incluindo três opções para o sistema de esgotamento sanitário (sistema coletivo com rede coletora e estação elevatória de esgoto, sistema simplificado i ndividual por latrina e sistema coletivo completo com rede coletora, estação elevatória e estação de tratamento de esgoto) e duas para o sistema de abastecimento de &...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
AbstractAlgeria, like all emerging countries, has been going through a health transition over the past 30  years or so, characterized by a drop in mortality rates, an increase in life expectancy and a change in the causes of death in favor of chronic non-communicable diseases. In the past, the country mainly faced infectious diseases such as typhoid, cholera and malaria. The prevalence of the latter ha s been significantly reduced thanks to the many social health and vaccination programs undertaken by the health authorities. As a result of this epidemiological transition, we are witnessing a growing increase in the in...
Source: Internal and Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
About two million people are displaced, cholera has broken out, and malaria is expected. But doses of cholera vaccine have arrived, and the humanitarian crisis may yet be contained, aid agencies say.
Source: NYT Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Cholera Epidemics Humanitarian Aid Vaccination and Immunization Cyclones Malaria World Health Organization Doctors Without Borders International Committee of the Red Cross Oxfam Mozambique Africa Source Type: news
AbstractPurpose of ReviewInfectious diseases are a risk when traveling internationally, and it is important to know the potential disease burden of a region and take appropriate preventative actions before traveling. For individuals with HIV, there are special considerations and contradictions for various vaccines and medications as well as interactions with likely antiviral drugs. The purpose of this review is to summarize the vaccine and medication recommendations for travelers with HIV infection. We also review recent studies to update these recommendations.Recent FindingsThe recommendation for yellow fever vaccine has ...
Source: Current Infectious Disease Reports - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Authors: D'Amelio E, Salemi S, D'Amelio R Abstract A brief history of vaccination is presented since the Jenner's observation, through the first golden age of vaccinology (from Pasteur's era to 1938), the second golden age (from 1940 to 1970), until the current period. In the first golden age, live, such as Bacille Calmette Guérin (BCG), and yellow fever, inactivated, such as typhoid, cholera, plague, and influenza, and subunit vaccines, such as tetanus and diphtheria toxoids, have been developed. In the second golden age, the cell culture technology enabled polio, measles, mumps, and rubella vaccines be dev...
Source: International Reviews of Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Int Rev Immunol Source Type: research
Discussion Cholera is caused by more than 200 serogroups of Vibrio cholerae, a Gram-negative rod that is waterborne. Only two (serogroup O1 which causes about 99% of the cases, and O139) cause disease. There are biotypes of each of these serotypes. The only known hosts are humans. The organism colonizes the epithelial lining of the gut. Cholera toxin is produced by some species and if produced binds to specific receptors on host cells, activating a series of steps which cases massive loss of sodium, potassium, chloride, hydrogen carbonate, and fluids in vomitus and feces. A review of causes of diarrhea can be found here. ...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
Have you ever thought that it would be possible to monitor drug overdoses, Zika cases or the spread of the flu in real time? Have you ever imagined that satellites wouldbe able to tell how and where a malaria epidemic will happen months before the actual outbreak? It is mind-blowing how, in the last years, digital maps developed to a level where they serve as effective tools for evaluating, monitoring and even predicting health events. That’s why I decided to give a comprehensive overview of digital maps in healthcare. John Snow, cholera and the revolution of maps in healthcare Before Game of Thrones monopolized Joh...
Source: The Medical Futurist - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Future of Medicine Healthcare Design Mobile Health digital health digital technology epidemics epidemiology gc4 Innovation interactive maps Source Type: blogs
Devastating. That alone cannot fully describe the extent of the destruction of property, the displacement of tens of thousands of residents, the injuries and loss of life in the wake of Hurricanes Harvey and Irma. As Americans, our hearts ache for those affected by the flooding. As a medical student, former international development worker in Afghanistan and EMT in South Africa, I also lay awake thinking about the many infectious diseases that take hold in disaster and flood settings. In major floods and other natural disasters, rising water levels and damage to sewage treatment plants lead to contaminated water supplies, ...
Source: Kevin, M.D. - Medical Weblog - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Conditions Infectious Disease Primary Care Public Health & Policy Source Type: blogs
Outbreak set to be ‘worst of the century’, warn agencies Related items fromOnMedica Healthcare ‘a tactic of war’ in Iraq and Syria Eastern Mediterranean conflict jeopardising decades of health gains World ’s first malaria vaccine to be piloted World ‘not prepared’ for Zika and Ebola
Source: OnMedica Latest News - Category: UK Health Source Type: news
This article is part of HuffPost’s Project Zero campaign, a yearlong series on neglected tropical diseases and efforts to fight them. Everyone takes work home with them sometimes. But in civil war-torn South Sudan, some health workers take theirs on the run. In areas where armed groups have stormed into hospitals and shot people dead in their beds, or gutted and burned clinics, staff for the medical charity Doctors Without Borders (MSF) at times has had to run with patients and hide in the bush to continue treatment. Last year, a group of MSF health workers in the particularly hard-hit town of Leer, in Unity ...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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