The State-of-the-Art on youth, vulnerabilities, and violence: what do surveys tell us?
Resumo Estudos sobre as juventudes na interface das vulnerabilidades e viol ências já se constituem um corpus de conhecimento considerável no Brasil e na América Latina. Este levantamento objetiva identificar e descrever as publicações produzidas sobre juventude, vulnerabilidade e violência nas áreas da saúde e das ciências humanas e sociais. Trata-se de uma revis ão bibliográfica de artigos produzidos no período de 2006 a 2018. O levantamento bibliográfico focalizou artigos indexados nas bases de dados: Directory of Open Access ...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - September 18, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Arguments for utopias of reality and the Brazilian psychiatric reform experience
Resumo Diante da proposi ção na filosofia política de que utopia e realismo são vertentes distintas de leitura das relações humanas e dos problemas sociais, estando em constante tensionamento, contrapõem-se experiências práticas de realização de utopias. A partir da experiência da reforma psiquiátrica brasileir a, compreendida na perspectiva teórico-prática da desinstitucionalização, objetivou-se desenvolver argumentação sustentando conceitualmente a possibilidade de realização de...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - September 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Judicialization of health in Brazil and Colombia: a discussion in light of the new Latin American constitutionalism
This study aims to analyze the judicialization of health in Brazil and Colombia in light of the new Latin American Constitutionalism (NLC), a conceptual framework adopted in the region that breaks with the European and North American classic constitutional models. In Brazil, the Constitution of 1988 came as a response to a long period of military governments, and in Colombia the Constitution of 1991 emerged in a context of human rights abuses and high level of violence. The NLC is materialized from these new political letters and based on increasing forms of participation and expansion of the role of the Judiciary and peop...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - August 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Professionalism and identity negotiations of health professionals in the context of the Mais Médicos program
Resumo Como a chegada de profissionais m édicos estrangeiros a postos de saúde brasileiros, no contexto de implantação e vigência do programa Mais Médicos, tensiona os discursos de profissionalismo, e quais os efeitos desse contato para as identificações profissionais desses médicos? Diferentes tipos de formação profissional den tro de uma mesma profissão produzem discursos de profissionalismo concorrentes em posições equivalentes? Neste artigo, buscamos compreender como os médicos constroem suas identidades e negociam o...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - August 22, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Developing policies for the inclusion of homeless people: advances and challenges of intersectoriality in health and social assistance policies
Resumo O texto tem por objetivo analisar a elabora ção da política para inclusão de pessoas em situação de rua, no âmbito das ações de assistência social e saúde no Distrito Federal (DF). De modo específico, busca identificar conflitos; mapear as ações e estratégias desenhadas; e compreender os avanços e desafios que marcaram esse co ntexto. A pesquisa teve uma abordagem qualitativa, de caráter descritivo, com análise documental e 20 entrevistas semiestruturadas com informantes chave. O material colet...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - August 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Benefits of a non-pharmacological treatment group program in coping with cancer in Spanish women. A qualitative synthesis
Resumen En el presente trabajo se analizan los beneficios de un programa grupal de tratamiento no farmacol ógico realizado por la Asociación Española contra el Cáncer en Galicia (España). Se analizaron 14 ediciones del programa en las que participaron 361 mujeres con cáncer de edades comprendidas entre los 33 y los 82 años. Se adoptó un diseño descriptivo de carácter etnográfico triangulando l as técnicas de análisis y las fuentes de recogida de datos por medio de un cuestionario de satisfacción, 32 entrevistas en profundidad ...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - August 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Challenges in preventing a subsequent pregnancy in adolescents: perspectives of adolescents’ mothers
This article presents the result of a qualitative evaluation of the actions that the public health services develop for the prevention of subsequent adolescent pregnancies in a state in north-central Mexico. The objective was to document the perceived obstacles to preventing subsequent teenage pregnancies in teenage mothers. The information was obtained in the period 2016-2018, by individual interviews in the homes of young users of public health services. The analysis of the information was based on Strauss and Corbin ’ s proposal for the grounded theory. The experiences shared by the young mothers were analyzed and...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - August 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Intensive home support for mental health crises: experience of the Trieste territorial crises team, in Italy
This article aims to describe the experience of Trieste, in Italy, which implemented a home crisis team service. The work is carried out in four phases: application of the inclusion criteria for treatment by the crisis team; initial assessment; co-construction of the therapeutic plan; discharge and transition to other services. In one year, the team performed 124 assessments and provided care for 59 people. Regarding psychiatric symptoms, 93% of the patients showed significant improvement at discharge. Considering overall functioning, 81% showed significant improvement. Data show a reduction of compulsory admission rates o...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - August 15, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Regulation of care in care networks: the importance of new technological arrangements
Resumo Um dos maiores desafios para os sistemas de sa úde é a garantia de acesso integral. Os processos regulatórios em saúde no Brasil priorizam a organização de listas de espera e fluxos assistenciais com caráter normativo, mas se distanciam das necessidades dos usuários no sentido de uma produção de cuidado integral. No presente estudo, de caráter qualitativo, analisou-se as implicações da regulação em saúde na produção do cuidado no município de São Bernardo do Campo, utilizando-se...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - August 15, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Cannabis self-cultivation and social technology
The objective of this study is to analyze Cannabis self-cultivation for medicinal purposes in Brazil, evaluating to what extent the practice may fit into the framework of what Renato Dagnino termed a social technology. Based on data collected during fieldwork (semi-structured interviews) carried out in two Brazilian urban centers (S ão Paulo and Rio de Janeiro) and from a participant in the United States, we identified characteristics of these practices that make them akin to a social technology: adaptation to small-scale production, use of cognitive labor to meet social demands, active participation of producers an...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - August 15, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Health networks. Contribution to health coverage and access
Resumen Desde un abordaje que recupera los aportes de la Teor ía de las Organizaciones y de la literatura en redes, el trabajo describe y analiza las redes de servicios que operan en el sistema de salud del Gran Buenos Aires (GBA). Pone el foco en la estructura organizacional que muestran las iniciativas, a la vez que explora los mecanismos y dispositivos que despliegan para articular recursos, prestaciones y servicios dispersos en el territorio. Para la identificación y la selección de las redes se entrevistó a los Directores Ejecutivos de las cuatro Regiones Sanitarias (RS) del conurbano bonae...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - August 15, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Sex workers’ narratives about clients with disabilities: can training improve sexual health in Portugal?
Abstract People with disabilities face barriers that limit their sexual lives. In Portugal, some individuals with physical impairments have shown interest in resorting to sexual assistance provided by trained professionals, according to the client ’ s preferences and needs. However, in Portugal, sex workers lacking any formal training represent the only way to access commercial sex services. Thus, this study analyzes the experiences of sex workers that provide services for disabled clients. The interviews of thirteen sex workers were analyzed using the thematic analysis method proposed by Braun and Clarke. The key fi...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - August 15, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

“Geographies” of primary healthcare access for older adults in the Lisbon Metropolitan Area, Portugal - a territory of differences
Resumo V ários autores têm refletido sobre a questão do acesso aos serviços de saúde, considerando a existência de várias dimensões, nas quais se inclui a disponibilidade e a acessibilidade. No contexto de envelhecimento que caracteriza as sociedades, a população idosa precisa de mais cuidados de s aúde, e a acessibilidade a essas unidades assume importância acrescida. O objetivo do estudo é caracterizar o acesso da população idosa aos serviços de saúde, confrontando as possibilidades decorrentes da oferta de...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - July 29, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Building healthy cities: the instrumentalization of intersectoral public health policies from Situational Strategic Planning
Resumo A preocupa ção com as condições de vida nas cidades não é recente e remonta às propostas de cidades utópicas da Grécia antiga, da renascença e dos tempos da Revolução Industrial do século XIX. Os movimentos higienistas modernistas já propunham a necessidade de construir cidades salubres. Desde en tão, é vasta a literatura que trata do tema, com epistemologias e abordagens diferentes para a complexa questão da saúde urbana. Nesses últimos 40 anos, muito tem se avançado, nã...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - July 29, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Aging, financing, and innovation in the health care system: a necessary discussion to maintain the right to health
This article discusses the safeguarding of the right to health, within the scope of a set of constitutional rights, materialized by public policies that organize the National Health Service in Portugal. Before the degradation of supply terms, frequently based on an association that observes the demographic aging as enough condition to justify the increase in health costs, legitimizing consequent restrictions on the supply. We conduct a literature review to search for factors that validate this association, examining arguments to understand this process; debating the validity of prospecting health costs using age-based mode...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - July 29, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Dimensional analysis of access to health of children with Congenital Zika Syndrome (CZS) in the Metropolitan Region of Rio de Janeiro
Resumo Desde 2015 a popula ção brasileira vive com as repercussões da epidemia de Zika, levantando o debate sobre as dificuldades de diagnóstico e acesso aos cuidados para crianças com Síndrome Congênita do Zika. As regiões Nordeste e Sudeste foram as mais atingidas, desafiando-nos a caracterizar o acesso à saúde da s crianças portadoras da Síndrome Congênita do Zika nessas regiões. O objetivo deste artigo é analisar a disponibilidade e a acessibilidade dos serviços de saúde para a reabilitação...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - July 29, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

From affection cities to the healthy cities
Resumo Trata-se de experimenta ções de pensar a produção de subjetividades na cidade por meio dos afetos entre os corpos (humano, arquitetural e territorial) para potencializar a promoção do bem-estar humano com melhoria da saúde pública. A Organização Mundial de Saúde aponta a saúde como “ um estado de completo bem-estar f ísico, mental e social e não somente ausência de afecções e enfermidades ” . Desse modo, busca investigar cidades saud áveis relacionando ambiente construído e ...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - July 29, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Territorial and urban health: from pre-pandemic and pandemic challenges to post-pandemic responses
(Source: Saude e Sociedade)
Source: Saude e Sociedade - July 29, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A conceptual model for studies on social determinants of health in Brazilian municipalities
This study aims to help filling this gap by proposing an operationally applicable SDH conceptual model - reproducible as a mathematical or statistical model - to support studies and define strategies concerning public health. We resorted to the literature to review previously developed conceptual models, identifying a set of SDH and presenting recommendations and choice criteria. Then we located reliable data sources supplying indicators and variables listed in historic series and proposed an applicable conceptual model, which requires specific methods and tools for a systemic approach for operationalization. (Source: Saude e Sociedade)
Source: Saude e Sociedade - July 18, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Open and closed services in the treatment of alcohol and other drugs from the user point of view
This article is aimed at discussing how the treatment modalities offered by mental health services in the formal health network contribute to or prevent the deinstitutionalization process by analyzing integral care. To accomplish this task we used the techniques life history and participant observation. We analyzed the data based on critical and reflective hermeneutic perspectives of the subjects ’ narratives and daily practices. The results showed that the functioning of closed services is more in tune with the legal-moral and medical models of drug use analysis and more distant from the principles of integrality, f...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - July 18, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Employment-family conflict and self-perception of health from a gender perspective
The objective of this study is to analyze gender inequalities in the relationship between employment-family conflict (EFC) and health status in the working population of Quito and Guayaquil. This is a cross-sectional study of non-agricultural employees, aged 18 or older and covered by social security, who were interviewed between 2016-2017 in the First Survey of Safety Conditions and Health at Work of Quito and Guayaquil (n = 1729). Poisson regression models with robust variance separated by sex were used to calculate adjusted prevalence ratios for six health indicators. In both sexes, EFC was associated with poor self-per...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - July 18, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The global strategy on public health, innovation and intellectual property: establishment of a priority order for research and development needs in Brazil
This study verifies the implementation of the first GSPOA Element in Brazil, which refers to the establishment of an order of priority for research and development needs. This qualitative case study was based on a critical perspective and established theoretical frameworks, seeking to place GSPOA in a transnational health context in an era of globalization, and to discuss the challenges of implementing a more integral right to health, one which transcends drugs and individual requirements. For the period 2008-2015, the findings imply that Brazil has succeeded in developing methodologies and mechanisms to identify and disse...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - July 18, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Association between perceived loneliness and Internet use among homeless people
This study aimed to identify the association between the level of perceived loneliness and Internet use among homeless people. The sample consisted of 129 homeless people who were assisted at a shelter in Monterrey (Mexico). To measure the variables of the study, a survey with three main sections was conducted: demographic data, use of Internet and information technologies, and perceived levels of emotional and social loneliness. The results showed: (1) their levels of loneliness were above the average reported in studies with other vulnerable populations; (2) 51.9% of participants have used the Internet at some point in t...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - June 8, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Malaria in the borders between Brazil and French Guiana: social and environmental health determinants and their influence on the permanence of the disease
This study analyzes the influence of socio-environmental health determinants on the maintenance of Plasmodium vivax malaria at the borders between French Guiana and Brazil. This study was carried out between 2011 and 2015 in the city of Oiapoque, Amap á, situated in the Brazilian Amazon region. The sample included 253 individuals of both sexes aged between 10 and 60 years. The disease was predominant in 63.64% (161/253) adult males. The most affected age group was 20 to 29 years old, with 30% (76/253). About 84.6% did not complete high school, w hile 29.6% (75/253) of the cases had not finished the first degree. Con...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - June 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The disease as sign and the symbolic forms of the sick body on the horizon of comprehension d the dermatology nineteenth
Resumen La dermatolog ía clínica del siglo XIX fundamenta y despliega un pensamiento por similitud en una estética de la representación de lo que puede ser comprendido como enfermedad. Así, las superficies patológicas suministran un material de reflexión y apropiación del cuerpo enfermo donde confluyen cuerpo, le nguaje y acontecimiento para darle sentido a las alteraciones que confluyen en el estado patológico. Este texto reflexiona sobre esas formas simbólicas del nombrar la enfermedad que tienen lugar en descripciones, observaciones clínicas, t...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - June 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Reflexes of Venezuelan immigration on health care at the largest hospital in Roraima, Brazil: qualitative analysis
Resumo O crescente fluxo de imigra ção venezuelana provocou discussões acerca da inserção dessa comunidade no território brasileiro. Atualmente, o sistema de saúde roraimense tem o desafio de efetivar a universalização do acesso à saúde ao imigrante. Logo, este estudo objetiva conhecer as repercussões desse fenômeno sob a ótica de profissionais de saúde. Para isso, trata-se de um estudo qualitativo com abordagem exploratória que analisou a percepção dos técnicos de enfermagem do maior hospital...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - June 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

On the opposite way to the objectives of sustainable development goals: assessment of water poverty in the estuary region of the Macaé river, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
The objective is to compare the conditions of socio-economic and environmental vulnerability that characterize these occupations in the light of the Sustainable Development Goals (SGD) 1 and 6 of the 2030 Agenda : poverty eradication; access to drinking water and sanitation. Given the need to construct indicators, to monitor compliance with the goals associated with SGDs, the application of the Water Poverty Index (WPI) is proposed, adapted to the Communities colony Leoc ádia Island and Caieira ’ s Island, aiming to compare the state Environmental impacts of these occupations in terms of adherence to sustainab...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - June 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Factors related to occupational health of farmers exposed to pesticides
Conclusion: the reports show the non-existence of technical training provided by public agencies in the municipality, although the need for such a program was evidenced from the reports of the subjects and their complaints of pesticide intoxication symptoms. As knowledge is a form of empowerment, there is an urgent demand for technical training on the safe use of pesticides and information about their harmful effects to health. (Source: Saude e Sociedade)
Source: Saude e Sociedade - May 18, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Contributions from the National Health Foundation for Brazilian’s Health and Sanitation Research
This article aimed at addressing the history of the National Health Foundation as a health and sanitation research promoter, initially presenting the panorama in the country and, later, evaluating the Health and Sanitation Research Program. The methods were documentary research and literature review. The Program provided a total of R$ 21,704,520.58 and executed R$ 14,544,672.96 (in corrected amounts) financing 84 surveys from 2000 to 2011. The largest number of surveys was related to water supply, followed by management of the services. Institutions from all regions of the country were contemplated, with greater concentrat...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - May 18, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The interface between health, climate change and land use in Brazil: analyzing the evolution of international scientific production between 1990 and 2019
Abstract O objetivo deste estudo é analisar a evolução da produção científica internacional sobre a interface entre saúde, mudanças climáticas e uso do solo nas últimas décadas, enfatizando a compreensão da saúde em seu sentido amplo, com destaque às dimensões ambientais, sociais e climáticas, a partir das publicaç ões indexadas na base de dados Scopus. Para alcançar esse objetivo, aplicamos duas metodologias: (1) revisão sistemática da literatura internacional, do tipo descriti...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - May 18, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Structural violence and illness in Haiti: reflections on an experience
Resumo Falar sobre sa úde e principalmente da busca pela cura das doenças em sociedades globais empobrecidas e desassistidas traz à tona amplas e conflitivas reflexões. O Haiti é o país mais pobre das Américas e um dos mais pobres do mundo. A extrema vulnerabilidade a que a população está exposta é facilmente percebida por meio da análise do processo saúde/enfermidade/atenção, uma vez que esse é um dos domínios em que se acentuam as vivências de sofrimento, a percepção da inequidade e a...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - May 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Racializing the (sociological) view on environmental health in the sanitation of the black population: A colonial continuum called environmental racism
Resumo O d éficit de saneamento - e seu impacto à saúde - é uma realidade de parcela significativa da população brasileira. No entanto, essa desigualdade não é distribuída de forma equânime na sociedade, há um perfil racial daqueles mais vulneráveis e vitimados pelas condições ambientais insalubr es. Apesar de constituir um problema social, essa temática ainda tem sido negligenciada enquanto problema sociológico. Desse modo, a partir da pesquisa bibliográfica de nível exploratório e da an&aacu...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - May 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Health in the border area: what documents of Mercosur and Unasur reveal
This article analyzed the treatment given to the subject of health in the border area concerning Mercosur and Unasur. For such, a documentary research was performed in archives available in the electronic websites of these institutions with the keywords “ health ” and “ border ” . The data were analyzed using content analysis. In Mercosur, the subject is addressed in several meetings of the Subgroup on Health Work with the proposal of creating a Mercosur-Health consortium, which did not take effect. What it has advanced are proposals for the harmonization of general standards for health and epidemio...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - May 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

In Brasilia, but in Recife: techno-methodological crossings in health, gender and maternities in a research on the Zika virus epidemic’s repercussions
This article discusses the practice of medical anthropological research in multiple dimensions, from our first field visit among mothers of babies with congenital Zika Virus syndrome (SCZV) in Recife in 2016. The insurgent methodological arrangements were so innovative and challenging that impelled us to reflect on the contributions of this research to the more general theoretical debate on social research in health. Therefore, in these lines, we reflect on the practice of collective ethnographic research; the plurality of roles of a teacher and researcher; authorship and ethics in the use of field diaries and research res...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - May 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Masculinities and health care in aging and health-illness process among male workers from Campinas/São Paulo, Brazil
This article discusses gender, health, illness and masculinity anchored in the social markers of identity that endorse the diversity of masculinity regarding social behavior and health care. This is a qualitative study with 15 men from the low income working class living in Campinas, S ão Paulo. It focuses on the social representation about health and illness as well as aging and health care. Strength and willingness to work were associated with health and dominant masculinity, in contrast to illness and unwillingness to work. Aging involves the effect of the time on body wear, b odily fragilities, and their positio...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - May 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Fake news on drugs: post-truth and misinformation
Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é analisar os discursos sobre drogas em publicações da internet cujo conteúdo foi identificado como falso em plataformas de checagem de dados. Trata-se de estudo de abordagem qualitativa, que seguiu procedimentos de análise do discurso. A partir de pesquisa na internet, selecionaram-se 85 notí cias falsas sobre drogas. A análise indica que o tom negativo e alarmista é o mais comum. O desfecho trágico mais citado foi a morte. Outros desfechos negativos também foram lembrados, como: assalto, transformar-se em zumbi, cân...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - May 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Concerns and needs of parents of hospitalized children
This study recorded the main concerns and needs experienced by parents during the hospitalization of a child under acute hospitalization, and verified the potential differences between the father and the mother regarding their shared experiences. This qualitative study of exploratory nature involved 16 couples (16 fathers and 16 mothers), with a child hospitalized in a pediatric service of a hospital in the north of Portugal. The data were collected through interviews and analyzed using content analysis. The parents ’ discourse shows significantly more concern regarding the state of health of the child as well as the...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - May 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Comparative study of innovations on chronic conditions in primary health care in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, and Ferrara, Italy
This study compares the main challenges related to innovations in health care concerning chronic conditions perceived by primary care professionals from Porto Alegre, Brazil, and Ferrara, Italy. This is a descriptive exploratory study with a qualitative approach performed in primary care units whose data were collected through semi-structured interviews with professionals from the Local Sanitary Unit of Ferrara and focus groups and semi-structured interviews with workers of the Community Health Service of the Grupo Hospitalar Alegre Concei ção of Porto Alegre. Data were discussed using thematic analysis. By a...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - April 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Hormones and “natural enhancement” of the body: personalized aging in anti-aging medicine
This article discusses the role of hormonal therapies in the narrative concerning longevity present in anti-aging medicine. The objective is identifying the meaning that hormones have in the body enhancement process aimed to preserve natural functions and enable the personalization of aging. This analysis is part of a study conducted in Brazil with practitioners of anti-aging medicine, patients and objector members of the Brazilian Council of Medicine, by means of semi-structured interviews and fieldwork observation. The discussion addresses the formation of an international network of professionals and institutions suppor...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - April 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Essure in Brazil: unveiling senses and social uses of a biomedical device that promised to sterilize women
This article analyzes the international circulation and the introduction of this biomedical artifact in Brazil. This documentary research investigated websites of regulatory agencies, the aforementioned pharmaceutical laboratory, public disclosure made by hospitals in the country, associated with the Brazilian National Health System. This is the first approach to the subject that questions the social conditions of the implementation of Essure in users of these health services when it was available in the country, from 2009 until 2017. This permanent contraceptive method was presented as a safe and easy-to-use clinical mana...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - April 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Judicialization of health in Manaus: analysis of judicial demands between 2013 and 2017
This article analyzes the judicialization of health phenomenon as a means of ensuring access to health technologies (medicine, supplies, specialized medical appointments and procedures, orthoses, prostheses, and special materials) in the health system of Manaus, Brazil. Based on a delimited analysis between 2013 and 2017 of existing lawsuits in the Amazonian first degree jurisdiction, with a referential and critical analysis of similar situations in other Brazilian states found in the literature. Carried out in four stages, the research consisted in identifying all health related resolutions, selection, construction of dat...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - April 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Sanitary surveillance on Facebook: strong and weak points of sanitary surveillance communication in the internet
This article presents the results of a master ´s program study on sanitary surveillance communication through Facebook, the most popular social platform in Brazil that offers a new communication configuration for health promotion. It verifies the strong and weak points of digital communication processes that evoke sanitary risk mediatization i n order to evaluate whether such strategies can be considered tools for social protection and the consolidation of the right to health. Firstly, public organizations in Brazil identified as Sanitary Surveillance Services (SSS) that hold a fanpage on Facebook are listed. We then...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - April 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Integrative and complementary practices in the health field: towards a decolonization of knowledge and practices
Resumo O manuscrito, em forma de ensaio, objetiva contribuir para o di álogo entre as abordagens das Epistemologias do Sul e o campo da saúde, com ênfase nas relações entre a biomedicina e os saberes e práticas tradicionais, complementares e integrativos. Essas relações são exploradas a partir da produção do conhecimento sobre as dimensões do saber, do pode r e do ser na perspectiva da descolonização. Estudo de natureza teórico-conceitual. A descolonização do saber procura descolonizar a ciência e apr...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - April 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Active ageing and the culture of perfection
This study analyses the websites of several Portuguese medical clinics specialized in anti-ageing medicine, where one can find advertisements of the services provided, and, in some cases, opinion articles drawn up by doctors of this medical specialty, for a lay audience. Considering the increasing international dimension of the aesthetic and hormonal enhancement biotechnologies market, the ideal of Active ageing can, today, be at the service of the culture of perfection. (Source: Saude e Sociedade)
Source: Saude e Sociedade - April 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Cognitive enhancement and the production of subjectivity modes: a study on the use of nootropics according to a Brazilian blog
Resumo O consumo de medicamentos para aprimorar processos mentais, como mem ória, concentração e estado de alerta, tem se expandido. As chamadas smart drugs e fármacos nootrópicos são utilizados na expectativa de obter melhor desempenho em tarefas profissionais e acadêmicas. Este artigo analisa a difusão do uso de medicamentos para aprimoramento cognitivo, a partir de um blog brasileiro chamado Cérebro Turbinado, com ênfase na discussão da categoria “ nootr ópicos ” . A metodologia adotada foi a pesquisa socioantropol ógica...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - April 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The industry of whitening in Lisbon: an ethnography of practices and products for skin bleaching and its risks to dermatological health
Resumo Por meio de um exerc ício de walking ethnography, pretendemos apresentar uma etnografia da oferta cosmética destinada à despigmentação da pele no coração de Lisboa, focando num fragmento da cidade que junta diferentes propostas e produtos estéticos: spas chineses, salões de beleza e cabeleireiros africanos, loj as do comércio dito “ étnico ” ligado a imigrantes e portugueses descendentes de popula ções asiáticas ou africanas. Definimos esse passeio como “ caminho do branqueamento ” - parafraseand...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - April 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The culture of perfection: transnational circuits in marketing and consumption of cosmetic and hormonal enhancement products
(Source: Saude e Sociedade)
Source: Saude e Sociedade - April 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Health conferences: metasynthesis of good practices, obstacles and recommendations based on experiences in Brazil, 1986-2016
This study sought to identify the evidence produced on Brazilian health conferences and to systematize good practices, obstacles and recommendations to qualify social participation in the Unified Health System. The methodology used was literature review with metasynthesis of studies published from 1986 to 2016 from the BIREME and Pubmed databases. It resulted in 507 articles, of which 15 met the criteria of primary qualitative studies on Brazilian health conferences. Most articles are experience reports of municipal scope published in the last ten years. The metasynthesis allowed to systematize the results into improvement...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - April 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

In the waiting room of the terreiro: an investigation with Umbanda adepts with health complaints
Resumo As queixas de adoecimento fazem parte de uma importante parcela das demandas religiosas em diversas cren ças, com destaque para a umbanda no cenário brasileiro. O objetivo deste estudo etnopsicológico foi conhecer o modo como adeptos da umbanda com queixas de adoecimento compreendem os processos de saúde-doença. Participaram 20 adeptos atendidos em dois terreiros localizados em uma cidade de médi o porte do estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil. O corpus foi composto por entrevistas semiestruturadas transcritas e organizadas pela análise temática. Destacam-se as ambiv...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - March 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Open dialogue: critical points of implementation in psychotic crisis care
This study sought to analyze the critical points to implement the Open Dialogue approach in psychotic crisis care. This qualitative study was based on the analysis of an open-ended questionnaire developed by mental health professionals who participated in a seminar on the subject conducted by Jaakko Seikkula in 2015, in Italy. Eighty-three self-administered questionnaires were analyzed to detect the participants ’ sociodemographic profile and their perception of the critical points of the implementation of Open Dialogue. The results were organized according to the seven principles of the approach and analyzed accordi...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - March 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research