Dual exposure to stress in different stages of development affects eating behavior of male Wistar rats.

Publication date: Available online 6 December 2019Source: Physiology &BehaviorAuthor(s): Julliet Araújo de Souza, Larissa Cavalcanti do Amaral Almeida, Gabriel Araújo Tavares, Lívia de Almeida Lira Falcão, Luana Cruz Beltrão, Fernanda Cicalese Ourem Costa, Felipe Leitão de Souza, Matilde Cesiana da Silva, Sandra Lopes de SouzaAbstractMaternal separation stress is a model of early life stress performed by the separation between dam and pups in the first days of life. The consequences of this early stress have been demonstrated on various behaviors, including feeding behavior. The results, however, are still controversial and it seems that a second exposure to stress later in life exacerbates the adverse outcomes. The present study aimed to determine the effects of maternal separation as a model of stress in early life, with or without a later life stress experience on eating behavior. Lactating Wistar rats were separated from their litters from postnatal day 2 (PND 2) to PND 14 for 3 h in the dark phase of the circadian cycle. The groups control (C) and separated (S) were composed. The assessment of food intake was performed between the ages of 60 and 150 days of life with a group that experienced only the early stress by maternal separation and with a second group that experienced the pre-weaning maternal separation stress and the food stress from 60 days of age. This food stress consisted of allowing visual and olfactory exposure...
Source: Physiology and Behavior - Category: Physiology Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 25 January 2020Source: British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial SurgeryAuthor(s): H. Saghafi, P. Benington, A. AyoubAbstractThe aim of this study was to compare the impact that the orthodontics-first approach and the surgery-first approach have on quality of life, anxiety, and depression in patients treated for dentofacial deformities. Data were collected on 32 patients (aged 17–47 years) who were all treated at a single multidisciplinary orthognathic clinic. They completed a 22-item Orthognathic Quality of Life Questionnaire (OQLQ), a seven-item Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7...
Source: British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
In this study, we examined the clinical and psychosocial characteristics of youth at familial and clinical high risk (HR) for BD, and compared these characteristics to those of youth with BD I and II. Both groups were recruited based on current, active mood symptoms from separate randomized trials of family therapy. A total of 127 HR youth were evaluated: 52 (40.9%) were diagnosed with BD-NOS and 75 (59.1%) were diagnosed with MDD. Compared to adolescents with BD I and II (n=145), HR youth had higher rates of anxiety disorders, and comparable rates of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and oppositional defiant disord...
Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
ConclusionsFurther longitudinal research is needed to clarify the association between paternal mental health disorders other than depression, and adolescent anxiety or depression. Mechanisms in this relationship should also be further explored, and could be informed by existing models on younger children.
Source: Journal of Adolescence - Category: Child Development Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine - Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Source Type: research
Anxiety is rippling across the globe as Beijing attempts to contain the growing outbreak.
Source: Washington Post: To Your Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 25 January 2020Source: Journal of Functional FoodsAuthor(s): Nidyedja Goyanna Gomes Gonçalves, José Ismael Feitosa de Araújo, Francisco Ernani Alves Magalhães, Francisco Rogênio Silva Mendes, Marina Duarte Pinto Lobo, Ana Cristina de Oliveira Monteiro Moreira, Renato de Azevedo MoreiraAbstractBreadfruit (Artocarpus altilis) is a staple food in tropical regions and has several uses. The aim of this study was to establish the nutraceutical potential of an enriched protein fraction of breadfruit pulp (PFBp). PFBp was characterized by Fourier transform infrar...
Source: Journal of Functional Foods - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
“I have self-doubt. I have insecurity. I have fear of failure… We all have self-doubt. You don’t deny it, but you also don’t capitulate to it. You embrace it.” – Kobe Bryant Everyone, no matter who they are, inevitably experiences self-doubt. Reading through the biographies and autobiographies of some of the most accomplished, celebrated, famous, talented and intelligent people reveals that each one of them has had their moments of personal doubt. Not only did they wonder if they had what it takes, they worried whether they could persevere despite opposition and setbacks, without suppor...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Motivation and Inspiration Self-Help Confidence Self-Doubt Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 7 January 2020Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In PracticeAuthor(s): Jennifer A. Dantzer, Corinne A. Keet
Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
There is an epidemic in brain diseases, which have quadrupled in the last 21 years. → Support PsyBlog for just $5 per month. Enables access to articles marked (M) and removes ads. → Explore PsyBlog's ebooks, all written by Dr Jeremy Dean: Accept Yourself: How to feel a profound sense of warmth and self-compassion The Anxiety Plan: 42 Strategies For Worry, Phobias, OCD and Panic Spark: 17 Steps That Will Boost Your Motivation For Anything Activate: How To Find Joy Again By Changing What You Do
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The three strategies that help people maintain 50 pounds of weight loss. → Support PsyBlog for just $5 per month. Enables access to articles marked (M) and removes ads. → Explore PsyBlog's ebooks, all written by Dr Jeremy Dean: Accept Yourself: How to feel a profound sense of warmth and self-compassion The Anxiety Plan: 42 Strategies For Worry, Phobias, OCD and Panic Spark: 17 Steps That Will Boost Your Motivation For Anything Activate: How To Find Joy Again By Changing What You Do
Source: PsyBlog | Psychology Blog - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Weight Loss Source Type: blogs
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