Social prescribing for stress related disorders and brain health
Publication date: Available online 5 December 2019Source: International Review of NeurobiologyAuthor(s): Alison Fixsen, Marie PolleyAbstractSocial prescribing allows health professionals to refer at risk patients toward health and wellbeing interventions and activities in the local community. It is a key part of NHS (National Health Service) England health care policy, and schemes based on the social prescribing model have been developed in countries including Canada, New Zealand, the Netherlands and Singapore. In this chapter, we consider the role that social prescribing can play in reducing stress related problems and supporting and encouraging self-care and self-management of conditions for which conventional medicine may not be the only or the best option. Drawing on primary and secondary data sources, we examine the scope of social prescribing and professional and service users' perspectives concerning its strengths and limitations. Our findings suggest that link worker meetings within social prescribing schemes can motivate people to pursue activities with mental, physical and social benefits such as exercise, artistic pursuits and gardening. Problems within schemes included health provider engagement, recruiting those with low agency and communication between professionals and patients about social prescribing. Based on our findings, we propose a number of recommendations for enhancing social prescribing schemes. Professionals, including neurologists, we argue, can ben...
Publication date: Available online 25 January 2020Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery: Venous and Lymphatic DisordersAuthor(s): Steven M. Dean, Elizabeth Valenti, Karen Hock, Julie Leffler, Amy Compston, William T. AbrahamAbstractBackgroundLower extremity lymphedema is frequently encountered in the vascular clinic. Established dogma purports that cancer is the most common cause of lower extremity lymphedema in Western countries, whereas chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) is often overlooked as a potential cause. Moreover, lymphedema is typically ascribed to a single cause, yet multiple causes can coexist.MethodsA 3-year re...
CONCLUSIONS: Powerlifters with and without LBP show similar functional impairments and patho-anatomical findings. However, powerlifters' LBP seems associated with pain during movement and loading of the lumbar spine. The association and causation between specific functional impairments, patho-anatomical findings and LBP in powerlifters has to be further investigated in studies including more participants. PMID: 31974334 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSION: Current evidence shows a benefit from physiotherapy in patients with shoulder dysfunction following neck dissection. Some evidence suggests progressive resistance is superior to other types of physiotherapy. Long-term benefit and cost efficacy have not been studied. PMID: 31964434 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSION: The physiotherapy sputum collection technique was effective in obtaining viable cells from mucus samples and yielded the same amount of sputum as the gold standard technique (hypertonic saline). In addition, the physiotherapy maneuvers were both safe and useful for sputum induction in asthmatic children and adolescents with well-controlled asthma.
Conclusions: Modalities of resistance training using elastic components presented similar effects on muscle strength, health status, exercise capacity, body composition and daily level of physical activity in individuals with COPD. The effects of elastic resistance were similar to conventional resistance training. PMID: 31975638 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusion: High level of abandonment of treatment and lack of more modern physiotherapy modalities were noted. There is need to emphasize better health education of parents/guardians of the patients and improve social welfare benefits for the patients.Keywords: Cerebral palsy, rehabilitation, social welfare.
ConclusionsIt was concluded that physiotherapists had sufficient knowledge about epilepsy and were using current skills/physical activity in the rehabilitation of children with epileptic seizures.