Impact of enterococcal urinary tract infections in immunocompromised - neoplastic patients.

Impact of enterococcal urinary tract infections in immunocompromised - neoplastic patients. J BUON. 2019 Sep-Oct;24(5):1768-1775 Authors: Giannakopoulos X, Sakkas H, Ragos V, Tsiambas E, Bozidis P, M Evangelou A, Papadopoulou C, Petrogiannopoulos L, Sofikitis N Abstract Infections in immunocompromised-neoplastic patients represent a severe complication. Among bacteria, Enterococcus species constitute a common causative pathogen of urinary tract infections (UTIs), especially among hospitalized patients with or without urinary tract carcinoma, related commonly to urinary tract abnormalities, urinary catheters or prolonged antibiotic treatment. Although enterococci have been considered more commonly as colonization bacteria in the intestine than virulent agents, they are frequently implicated in UTIs. The high incidence of enterococcal UTIs is associated with several risk factors including age, female gender, previous UTI, diabetes, pregnancy, immunosuppression due to cancer development and progression, renal transplantation and spinal cord injury. Clinical manifestations are usually absent or mild in enterococcal UTIs, which may also become an important source for both bacteremia and endocarditis. Over the last years, the prevalence of multidrug resistant enterococci, particularly vancomycin-resistant E. faecium and E. faecalis has significantly risen worldwide, associated with increased morbidity, limited treatment options and increased health-care costs. ...
Source: Journal of B.U.ON. - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J BUON Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 23 January 2020Source: Journal of the American Society of CytopathologyAuthor(s): Haiyan Lu, Tarik M. Elsheikh, Yaxia ZhangBackfroundPolyoma virus cytopathic effect (BK-CPE) is classified as “Negative for high-grade urothelial carcinoma (NHGUC)” in the Paris System for Reporting Urinary Cytology (TPS). However, polyomaviruses have been historically associated with tumor development and recently reported as an independent risk factor for renourinary carcinoma in transplant patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between polyomavirus infection in the ...
Source: Journal of the American Society of Cytopathology - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
In conclusion, the frequency of MCN is higher in middle-aged women, being the location in the distal pancreas and the percentage of malignancy is low. Laparoscopic surgery is a disease management option. PMID: 31967260 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Revista Peruana de Medicina de Experimental y Salud Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica Source Type: research
Authors: Lancellotti P, De Pauw M, Claeys M Abstract Cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cancer represent the two main causes of death in industrialised countries. Both share common risk factors (diabetes, obesity, hypertension, diet, smoking, etc.). The associated timing of CVD and cancer onset is thus largely influenced by modifiable risk factors. Advances in cancer treatment have extended the lives of patients with cancer, but for some at the cost of adverse cardiovascular events. The rapidly growing number of patients surviving cancer, often in the setting of advanced age, new or pre-existing CV disease and risk f...
Source: Acta Cardiologica - Category: Cardiology Tags: Acta Cardiol Source Type: research
Authors: Acar RD, Acar Ş, Doğan C, Bayram Z, Karaduman A, Uysal S, Akbal ÖY, Hakgör A, Kaymaz C, Özdemir N Abstract INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between the tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion/pulmonary arterial systolic pressure (TAPSE/PASP) ratio and model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score in patients with advanced heart failure. METHODS: A total of 103 patients with advanced heart failure evaluated for candidacy for heart transplantation were included in this study. TAPSE was measured by M‑mode echocardiography and cardiac catheteri...
Source: Herz - Category: Cardiology Tags: Herz Source Type: research
Authors: Lai G, Guo N, Jiang Y, Lai J, Li Y, Lai R Abstract OBJECTIVE: To assess whether the duration of one-lung ventilation (OLV) affects postoperative pulmonary complications after McKeown esophagectomy for esophageal cancer. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of data stored in a database for esophageal cancer was carried out to identify predictors of postoperative pulmonary complications in patients undergoing McKeown esophagectomy at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center between 2010 and 2012. RESULTS: Patients in the OLV ⩾150 minutes group had a higher incidence of postoperative pulmonary complication...
Source: Tumori - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Tumori Source Type: research
Authors: Wang S, Yu J Abstract [This corrects the article DOI: 10.3892/ol.2019.10806.]. PMID: 31966087 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Authors: Wang XQ, Zheng Y, Fang PF, Song XB Abstract The lack of reliable plasma biomarkers limits their use in the diagnosis of gastric cancer (GC). The current study aimed to determine whether plasma nesfatin-1 can be used as a novel non-invasive biomarker for the diagnosis of GC. The levels of nesfatin-1 in 40 patients with GC and 40 healthy individuals, who were selected from the Chaohu Hospital Affiliated to Anhui Medical University, were assessed. ELISA was used for the measurement of plasma nesfatin-1 levels, while immunohistochemistry was applied to determine Ki67 protein expression in GC and normal gastric...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Authors: Ren L, Li Y, Zhao Q, Fan L, Tan B, Zang A, Yang H Abstract Breast cancer is one of the most prevalent types of cancer among women that leads to millions of deaths worldwide every year. The mechanisms of breast cancer pathogenesis remain unclear. It has been reported that aberrant expression of miR-519, is associated with breast cancer development; however, the effects of miR-519 on breast cancer cell proliferation remain unknown. Therefore, the present study aimed to determine whether miR-519 could regulate breast cancer cell proliferation. A total of 20 pairs of primary breast cancer and adjacent normal t...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Authors: Nardone V, Tini P, Pastina P, Botta C, Reginelli A, Carbone SF, Giannicola R, Calabrese G, Tebala C, Guida C, Giudice A, Barbieri V, Tassone P, Tagliaferri P, Cappabianca S, Capasso R, Luce A, Caraglia M, Mazzei MA, Pirtoli L, Correale P Abstract Immune checkpoint blockade is an emerging anticancer strategy, and Nivolumab is a human mAb to PD-1 that is used in the treatment of a number of different malignancies, including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), kidney cancer, urothelial carcinoma and melanoma. Although the use of Nivolumab prolongs survival in a number of patients, this treatment is hampered b...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
In conclusion, cfDNA and cftDNA exhibit the potential to become novel biomarkers for the response assessment following cancer treatment, and may serve as a tool for the estimation of tumor volume. The current study further supports the increasingly important role of cfDNA and cftDNA as new monitoring tools for use during cancer therapy. PMID: 31966080 [PubMed]
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
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