Ecological impact of a rare sugar on grapevine phyllosphere microbial communities

Publication date: Available online 26 November 2019Source: Microbiological ResearchAuthor(s): Michele Perazzolli, Andrea Nesler, Oscar Giovannini, Livio Antonielli, Gerardo Puopolo, Ilaria PertotAbstractPlants host a complex microbiota inside or outside their tissues, and phyllosphere microorganisms can be influenced by environmental, nutritional and agronomic factors. Rare sugars are defined as monosaccharides with limited availability in nature and they are metabolised by only few certain microbial taxa. Among rare sugars, tagatose (TAG) is a low-calories sweetener that stimulates and inhibits beneficial and pathogenic bacteria in the human gut microbiota, respectively. Based on this differential effect on human-associated microorganisms, we investigated the effect of TAG treatments on the grapevine phyllosphere microorganisms to evaluate whether it can engineer the microbiota and modify the ratio between beneficial and pathogenic plant-associated microorganisms. TAG treatments changed the structure of the leaf microbiota and they successfully reduced leaf infections of downy mildew (caused by Plasmopara viticola) and powdery mildew (caused by Erysiphe necator) under field conditions. TAG increased the relative abundance of indigenous beneficial microorganisms, such as some potential biocontrol agents, which could partially contribute to disease control. The taxonomic composition of fungal and bacterial leaf populations differed according to grapevine locations, therefore T...
Source: Microbiological Research - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

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