Genes, Vol. 10, Pages 964: Long Noncoding RNA from PVT1 Exon 9 Is Overexpressed in Prostate Cancer and Induces Malignant Transformation and Castration Resistance in Prostate Epithelial Cells

Genes, Vol. 10, Pages 964: Long Noncoding RNA from PVT1 Exon 9 Is Overexpressed in Prostate Cancer and Induces Malignant Transformation and Castration Resistance in Prostate Epithelial Cells Genes doi: 10.3390/genes10120964 Authors: Pal Huaman Levine Orunmuyi Olapade-Olaopa Onagoruwa Ogunwobi Prostate cancer (PCa) is the most common non-cutaneous cancer and second leading cause of cancer-related death for men in the United States. The nonprotein coding gene locus plasmacytoma variant translocation 1 (PVT1) is located at 8q24 and is dysregulated in different cancers. PVT1 gives rise to several alternatively spliced transcripts and microRNAs. There are at least twelve exons of PVT1, which make separate transcripts, and likely have different functions. Here, we demonstrate that PVT1 exon 9 is significantly overexpressed in PCa tissues in comparison to normal prostate tissues. Both transient and stable overexpression of PVT1 exon 9 significantly induced greater prostate epithelial cell migration, as well as increased proliferation and corresponding proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) expression. Notably, implantation into mice of a non-tumorigenic prostate epithelial cell line stably overexpressing PVT1 exon 9 resulted in the formation of malignant tumors. Furthermore, PVT1 exon 9 overexpression significantly induced castration resistance. Consequently, PVT1 exon 9 expression is important for PCa initiation and progression, and holds promise as a ...
Source: Genes - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research

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Source: Cytogenetic and Genome Research - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
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Source: Techniques in Coloproctology - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Source: Techniques in Coloproctology - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
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Source: Techniques in Coloproctology - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
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