High Prevalence of Sexually Transmitted Infections, and High-Risk Sexual Behaviors Among Indigenous Adolescents of the Comarca Ngäbe-Buglé, Panama

Conclusions School-going indigenous adolescents in rural Panama have substantial STI burden. Targeted STI screening is required.
Source: Sexually Transmitted Diseases - Category: Sexual Medicine Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION We identified a population of HCV-specific CD4+ T cells with a follicular T helper cell signature that is maintained after therapy-induced elimination of persistent infection and may constitute an important target population for vaccination efforts to prevent reinfection and immunotherapeutic approaches for persistent viral infections.FUNDING Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation), the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), the European Union, the Berta-Ottenstein-Programme for Advanced Clinician Scientists, and the ANRS.
Source: Journal of Clinical Investigation - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: 15 May 2020Source: Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 823Author(s): Jinzhi Jia, Xu Dong Liu, Xiaojia Li, Linhong Cao, Meng Zhang, Botao Wu, Xiuwen ZhouAbstractThe morphology and size of nanostructures have been considered to be directly related to capacitive performance. Additionally, hydrothermal synthesis is a common method to control nanostructures. In practice, researchers paid more attention to the direct effect of “useful ions” on morphology or size of nanostructures, e.g. the combination and decomposition processes of H+ and WO42− to form WO3. Unfortunately, the effects of ot...
Source: Journal of Alloys and Compounds - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: 15 May 2020Source: Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 823Author(s): Stephan Laube, Hans Chen, Alexander Kauffmann, Steven Schellert, Franz Müller, Bronislava Gorr, Julian Müller, Benjamin Butz, Hans-Juergen Christ, Martin HeilmaierAbstractRefractory high entropy alloys (RHEAs) from the Mo–Cr–Ti–Al system exhibit promising strength at elevated temperatures. However, at room temperature they possess a B2-ordered crystal structure and, therefore, exhibit reduced ductility. Guided by thermodynamic calculations, the Al concentration was systematically reduced in MoCrTi-xAl (x&n...
Source: Journal of Alloys and Compounds - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
The objective of the study was to identify the relationship between subcortical gray matter (GM) volumes and juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME).MethodsWe analyzed the brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans that were performed during the time of the diagnosis of epilepsy by using voxel-based morphometry (VBM) method. The volumetric three-dimensional sequence was used for structural investigation. The volumes of the thalamus, caudate nucleus, pallidum, and putamen were measured in both hemispheres of patients with JME, patients with generalized tonic–clonic seizures alone (GTCS) (as a disease control group) and he...
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
ConclusionThe risk of injury and seizure exacerbation due to participation in football for patients with epilepsy is low. Clinicians should use their best judgment in deciding whether contact sports increase risks for a particular patient based on individual seizure frequency, concurrent neurological and medical issues, and medication adverse effects.
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 January 2020Source: The LancetAuthor(s): Maria Brotons, Laia Bruni
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 January 2020Source: The LancetAuthor(s): Mélanie Drolet, Marc Brisson
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 January 2020Source: The LancetAuthor(s): Peter Sasieni, Jack Cuzick
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
In this study, we investigated the antibacterial effect of LCE fruit extract (LCEE) against EPEC. The antibacterial activities of LCEE were examined by bacterial growth, time-kill curve, soft-agar motility, electron microscopy, and 96 well-microplate biofilm assays. We also investigated the bacterial mRNA expression of biofilm-associated genes (fliC, csgA, and fimA) by quantitative real-time PCR assays. LCEE was found to suppress the growth, time-kill curve, and spread of EPEC. It also reduced the biofilm formation in a dose-dependent manner. Morphological analysis using transmission and scanning electron microscopy reveal...
Source: Drug Discoveries and Therapeutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Drug Discov Ther Source Type: research
Discussion Of the 30 different microbes which can be transmitted by sexual contact, 8 have the greatest incidence of transmitting disease. Four are curable (Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Syphilis and Trichomoniasis) and 4 are incurable at present (Hepatitis B, Herpes simplex virus (HSV), Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and Human papillomavirus (HPV)). Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are important as they can cause: Increased rates of acquisition of other STIs (ie HSV and syphilis increase the rate of HIV infection acquisition) Pelvic inflammatory disease and infertility Stillbirth and neonatal death Neonatal morbidity i...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
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