Characterization of 22 Canine Pancreatic Carcinomas and Review of Literature

Publication date: November 2019Source: Journal of Comparative Pathology, Volume 173Author(s): H. Aupperle-Lellbach, K. Törner, M. Staudacher, E. Müller, K. Steiger, R. KlopfleischSummaryPancreatic carcinomas are rare in dogs and clinical signs are mostly non-specific. The literature on clinically and pathologically characterized canine exocrine pancreatic tumours is limited to 76 cases reported since 1963. This retrospective study analysed formalin-fixed samples of pancreatic carcinomas from 22 dogs, obtained during elective exploratory surgery (n = 16) or if the dog was humanely destroyed (n = 6). Tumours were diagnosed according to the World Health Organization classification of tumours of the pancreas of domestic animals. In seven cases, blood samples taken during or shortly before surgery were analysed for concentrations of alpha-amylase, 1,2-o-dilauryl-rac-glycero-3-glutaric acid-(6′-methylresorufin) ester lipase (DGGR lipase), C-reactive protein (CRP), alanine aminotransferase, glutamate dehydrogenase, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), canine trypsin-like immunoreactivity (cTLI) and canine pancreatic lipase immunoreactivity (cPLI). Neutrophil and lymphocyte numbers were determined as part of a complete blood count. Clinical signs were non-specific and included vomiting, inappetence and diarrhoea. Acinar carcinomas were most common (19/22) and observed growth patterns included: solid (n = 14), acinar (n = 5), clear cell (...
Source: Journal of Comparative Pathology - Category: Pathology Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 28 November 2019Source: Hepatobiliary &Pancreatic Diseases InternationalAuthor(s): Sameh A Lashen, Mohamed M. Elshafei, Fahmy H. Hablass, Eman A. Alsayed, Asmaa A. HassanAbstractBackgroundRisk stratification and prognostication of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) help to improve patient outcome. Herein we investigated the role of liver stiffness measurement (LSM) in the prediction of HCC behavior.MethodsTotally 121 naïve patients with HCC were included. HCC radiological evaluation and staging were done. LSM was measured using virtual touch quantification. Patients were divided into...
Source: Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Diseases International - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThese results suggest that FOXP3+ lymphocyte status is a potential predictive biomarker in patients with OL and may affect multistep carcinogenesis from OL to oral squamous cell carcinoma.
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Medicine, and Pathology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
ConclusionThe expression of matrix metalloproteinases-2 and 9 in hypopharyngeal carcinoma was significantly higher than that in pericarcinoma tissue, and it was enhanced with the increase of clinical stage. The expression level was related to lymph node metastasis and tumor pathological stage. Thus, matrix metalloproteinases-2 and 9 may be involved in the occurrence, development, invasion and metastasis of hypopharyngeal carcinoma through a variety of mechanisms.ResumoIntroduçãoA função da metaloproteinase da matriz 2 e9 nas metástases e no desenvolvimento de carcinoma hipofaríngeo...
Source: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
ConclusionsThyroidectomy may only be required during total laryngectomy for selected cases of advanced transglottic tumors and tumors with subglottic extension more than 10 mm.ResumoIntroduçãoEm geral, a invasão da glândula tireoide não é uma característica do carcinoma laríngeo avançado, não sendo necessário realizar tireoidectomia em todos os casos de laringectomia total.ObjetivosAvaliar a frequência da invasão da glândula tireoide em pacientes com carcinoma espinocelular avançado de laringe submetidos à laringe...
Source: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
Conclusions: Our data suggest that thyroid hormones influence angiogenic signaling in MSCs via integrin αvβ3 and further substantiate the anti-angiogenic activity of Tetrac in the tumor microenvironment. PMID: 31816265 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Thyroid : official journal of the American Thyroid Association - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Thyroid Source Type: research
Conclusion: Results revealed a significant association between elevated APRI and HCC development in patients with chronic hepatitis, suggesting that APRI might serve as a valuable predictor for HCC risk in patients with chronic hepatitis. PMID: 31814857 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Disease Markers - Category: Laboratory Medicine Tags: Dis Markers Source Type: research
Conclusion: The data support the hypothesis that progressive LPT is associated with immunological findings that may serve as an initial screen for progressive LPT. PMID: 31814459 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Inhalation Toxicology - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Inhal Toxicol Source Type: research
Conclusion: Our results were not able to show any significant correlation between increasing convenience with QUANTEC limits and lower rectal toxicity. Conclusively, new dosimetric definitions are warranted to predict acute rectal toxicity more accurately in prostate cancer patients during IMRT treatment.
Source: Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Authors: Liu L, Wang E, Li L, Chen D, Peng K, Wang M, Han G Abstract Background: Combination therapy of transarterial chemoembolization plus sorafenib (TACE-S) has been proven to be safe and effective for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC); however, this combination therapy is associated with a high incidence of adverse events (AEs). Our study focused on the relationships between AEs and treatment outcomes and aimed to discover AE-based clinical markers that can predict the survival benefits of combination treatment. Methods: From January 2010 to June 2014, a total of 235 HCC patients treated with TACE-S were retro...
Source: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Can J Gastroenterol Hepatol Source Type: research
Authors: Zhou WP, Zan XY, Liu X, Sudarshan SKP, Yang SD, Fang XM, Guo YJ, Hu XY Abstract OBJECTIVE: To investigate the characterization of breast lesions using diffusion kurtosis model-based imaging. METHODS: This prospective study included 120 consecutive patients underwent preoperative DCE-MRI examinations and multi-b-value diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI). Among them, 88 malignant lesions and 44 benign lesions were detected, 56 normal fibroglandular breast tissue were selected as normal control. Conventional apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), DKI-based parameters mean kurtosis (MK) and mean diffusivity (M...
Source: Journal of X-Ray Science and Technology - Category: Radiology Tags: J Xray Sci Technol Source Type: research
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