Ajuba: an emerging signal transducer in oncogenesis

Publication date: Available online 15 November 2019Source: Pharmacological ResearchAuthor(s): Hao Jia, Haixia Peng, Zhaoyuan HouAbstractThe LIM protein Ajuba contains an unstructured proline/glycine-rich preLIM region in the N terminus and conserved tandem LIM motifs in the C terminus. Additionally, Ajuba contains both nuclear export sequences (NES) and nuclear localization sequences (NLS), which enable Ajuba shuttle between the cytoplasm and the nucleus. Thus, Ajuba can act as a versatile scaffold participating in assembly of variety of protein complexes to execute multiple cellular functions including cell adhesion, motility, mitosis, survival, gene expression, microRNA processing and mechanical force sensing. Numerous studies have demonstrated that Ajuba plays important roles in oncogenesis and progression by regulating major signalling pathways such as Wnt, RAS/ERK, JAK/STAT and Hippo, and by acting as a co-regulator of key transcription factors such as Snail, Sp1 and nuclear hormone receptors. Clinically, Ajuba is highly expressed in various types of tumors and can be a marker for prognosis and diagnosis. In this review, we aim to summarize the up-to-date literatures on the signaling pathways mediated by Ajuba and its associated protein complexes in oncogenesis, and to discuss Ajuba as a potential target for new therapeutics to treat cancers.Graphical abstract
Source: Pharmacological Research - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 9 December 2019Source: Gynecologic Oncology ReportsAuthor(s): Kumiko Seki, Hiroshi Ishikawa, Rei Hashimoto, Akira Mitsuhashi, Jun-ichiro Ikeda, Makio Shozu
Source: Gynecologic Oncology Reports - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Source: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Source Type: research
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Source: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: ASCRS Committee Report: Public Relations Source Type: research
BACKGROUND: In 2016, the American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons published a rectal cancer surgery checklist composed of the essential elements of preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative care for patients undergoing rectal cancer surgery. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess whether compliance with preoperative checklist elements was associated with improved pathologic and 30-day postoperative outcomes after rectal cancer surgery. DESIGN: This was a retrospective cohort study. SETTINGS: The study involved North American hospitals contributing to the American College of Surgeons Nation...
Source: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Contributions: Colorectal Cancer Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The residual disease rate in patients treated surgically was higher than previously reported (43.2%). Incidence of recurrence in patients treated conservatively was low (4.4%). Areas of improvements have been identified in adherence to endoscopic follow-up, histopathological reporting, and potential overuse of radiological surveillance. See Video Abstract at http://links.lww.com/DCR/B47. MANEJO ACTUAL DE PÓLIPOS COLORRECTALES MALIGNOS A TRAVÉS DE UNA RED REGIONAL DE CÁNCER DEL REINO UNIDO ANTECEDENTES: La incidencia de pólipos colorrectales malignos ha aumentado secundariament...
Source: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Contributions: Colorectal Cancer Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Resections that were approached laparoscopically were more likely to achieve oncologic success. Minimally invasive approaches did not lengthen operative times and provided benefits of reduced surgical site complications and decreased postoperative length of stay. Further studies are needed to clarify clinical outcomes and factors that influence the choice of approach. See Video Abstract at http://links.lww.com/DCR/B70. RESULTADOS ONCOLÓGICOS Y PERIOPERATORIOS DE LOS ABORDAJES LAPAROSCÓPICOS, ABIERTOS Y ROBÓTICOS PARA LA RESECCIÓN DEL CÁNCER RECTAL: UN ESTUDIO DE COHORTE MU...
Source: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Contributions: Colorectal Cancer Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The rates of total mesorectal excision performance and grade assignment are widely variable throughout the state of Michigan. Overall, grade assignment remains very low. This suggests an opportunity for quality improvement projects to increase total mesorectal excision performance and grading, involving both the surgeons and pathologists for effective implementation. See Video Abstract at http://links.lww.com/DCR/B53. IMPLEMENTACIÓN DE LA ESCISIÓN MESORRECTAL TOTAL Y LA CLASIFICACIÓN POR ESCISIÓN MESORRECTAL TOTAL PARA EL CÁNCER RECTAL: UN ESTUDIO A NIVEL ESTATAL. ANTECE...
Source: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Contributions: Colorectal Cancer Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Local drainage procedures maintained primary anastomosis in 50% of cases after an anastomotic leakage. See Video Abstract at http://links.lww.com/DCR/B57. ¿PUEDE UN DRENAJE LOCAL SALVAR UNA ANASTOMOSIS COLORRECTAL O COLOANAL FALLIDA? UNA COHORTE PROSPECTIVO DE 54 PACIENTES ANTECEDENTES: Los drenajes locales se pueden utilizar para controlar las fugas en pacientes seleccionados sin peritonitis. OBJETIVO: El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la eficacia de los procedimientos de drenaje, para mantener una anastomosis primaria baja, después de una fuga anastomótica. DISEÑO: ...
Source: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Contributions: Outcomes Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic surgery is associated with decreased odds of incisional hernias and adhesional intestinal obstructions compared with open surgery for colorectal cancer.
Source: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Current Status Reviews Source Type: research
Future Oncology, Ahead of Print.
Source: Future Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
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