An overview of radiological manifestations of acquired dental developmental disturbances in paediatric head and neck cancer survivors.

CONCLUSIONS: This paper presents five cases and a radiographic inventory to illustrate disturbances of dental development associated with chemotherapy and radiotherapy therapy in children. Medical and dental professionals involved in the treatment of cancer survivors are relatively unaware of the dental consequences of radiation therapy and the age dependency of specific regional effects. These effects can be severe, with great impact on quality of life. Further research in this area could help improve planning of radiation therapy for children, potentially preventing or limiting dental or maxillofacial sequelae. PMID: 31714151 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Dentomaxillofacial Radiology - Category: Radiology Tags: Dentomaxillofac Radiol Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 4 December 2019Source: The Lancet Global HealthAuthor(s): Marc Arbyn, Elisabete Weiderpass, Laia Bruni, Silvia de Sanjosé, Mona Saraiya, Jacques Ferlay, Freddie BraySummaryBackgroundThe knowledge that persistent human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the main cause of cervical cancer has resulted in the development of prophylactic vaccines to prevent HPV infection and HPV assays that detect nucleic acids of the virus. WHO has launched a Global Initiative to scale up preventive, screening, and treatment interventions to eliminate cervical cancer as a public health problem during th...
Source: The Lancet Global Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 4 December 2019Source: The Lancet Global HealthAuthor(s): Afsan Bhadelia
Source: The Lancet Global Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
OBJECTIVES: To assess whether head CT with 3D reconstruction can replace skull radiographs (SXR) in the imaging investigation of suspected physical abuse (SPA)/abusive head trauma (AHT). METHODS: PACS was interrogated for antemortem skeletal survey...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: Both low and high Hgb levels were associated with an increased risk of death from various causes, and some diseases showed different patterns according to sex. PMID: 31795616 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Med Public Health Source Type: research
A new "virtual biopsy" using ultrasound guidance allows doctors to definitively...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: USPSTF again dismisses pancreatic cancer screening New class of radiotracers targets many cancer types Can radiomics detect pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma? Optical imaging finds small tumors
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news
Abstract Over the past decades, studies of phytochemicals as modifiers of radiotherapeutic efficacy have become increasingly popular to improve the treatment outcome of human malignancies. In the current comprehensive review article, radiosensitizing effects of curcumin, a yellow-colored polyphenolic constituent of turmeric, in various preclinical cancer models, both In Vitro and In Vivo, are presented. Attenuation of radioadaptation and augmentation of irradiation-induced cancer cell killing are achieved through multifaceted action of curcumin on suppression of prosurvival and antiapoptotic factors. Mos...
Source: Nutrition and Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Nutr Cancer Source Type: research
Discussion Facial nerve palsy has been known for centuries, but in 1821 unilateral facial nerve paralysis was described by Sir Charles Bell. Bell’s palsy (BP) is a unilateral, acute facial paralysis that is clinically diagnosed after other etiologies have been excluded by appropriate history, physical examination and/or laboratory testing or imaging. Symptoms include abnormal movement of facial nerve. It can be associated with changes in facial sensation, hearing, taste or excessive tearing. The right and left sides are equally affected but bilateral BP is rare (0.3%). Paralysis can be complete or incomplete at prese...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
We report the case of a rhabdomyosarcoma, initially diagnosed as a dental abscess, in the mandible of a 7-year-old girl. Clinical examination revealed an expansive mass, 12  cm in diameter, in the body of the right jaw. On incisional biopsy, this was identified as a malignant neoplasm of low differentiation suggestive of sarcoma, requiring differential diagnosis between Ewing sarcoma and rhabdomyosarcoma.
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontics - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology Source Type: research
In this study, we report acute toxicities and early outcomes following PBT for pediatric head and neck malignancies. Materials and methodsBetween 2010 and 2016, pediatric patients with nonhematologic malignancies of the head and neck were treated with PBT. Clinical and dosimetric data were abstracted from the medical record and treatment planning system with institutional review board approval. ResultsSixty‐nine consecutive pediatric patients were treated with proton‐based radiotherapy for head and neck malignancies. Thirty‐five were treated for rhabdomyosarcoma to a median dose of 50.4 Gy relative biological ef...
Source: Pediatric Blood and Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 6 September 2017 Source:Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology Author(s): Scott M. Peters, Tim Kunkle, Michael A. Perrino, Elizabeth M. Philipone, Angela J. Yoon Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is a malignant tumor of the skeletal muscle origin that frequently involves the head and neck region. It represents the second most common pediatric soft tissue sarcoma, and accounts for 3% of all childhood cancers. Herein, we report a case of embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma presenting as a right sided facial swelling in a 7-year-old boy. Histologically, the tumor consisted of classic em...
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
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