Scientists identify immune cells linked to malaria-induced anaemia through autoantibody production

(eLife) An autoimmune attack on uninfected red blood cells likely contributes to anaemia -- a shortage of red blood cells -- in people with malaria, according to a new study published in eLife.
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

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CONCLUSION: Current-smoking status is associated with the risk of SLE. Gender and the age of SLE patients had no significant impact on the risk of SLE over time. PMID: 31787611 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: J Rheumatol Source Type: research
Authors: Magrone T, Magrone M, Jirillo E Abstract BACKGROUNDS: Mast cells (MCs) bear many receptors which allow them to respond to a variety of exogenous and endogenous stimuli. However, MC function is dual since they can initiate pathological events or protect the host against infectious challenges. Involvement of mast cells in various disease: The role of MCs in disease will be analyzed in a broad sense, describing cellular and molecular mechanisms related to their involvement in auto-inflammatory diseases, asthma, autoimmune diseases and cancer. On the other hand, their protective role in the course of bacterial...
Source: Endocrine, Metabolic and Immune Disorders Drug Targets - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Endocr Metab Immune Disord Drug Targets Source Type: research
In this study, we utilize female SD rats induced HT to evaluated the ability of transplanted MSCs to regulate Th17/Treg interactions in a rat Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) model system. The results showed that Rats in the HT model group exhibited increased thyroid autoantibody levels consistent with successful model development, whereas these levels were lower in rats treated with MSCs. There were also fewer thyroid lesions and less lymphoid infiltration of the thyroid in MSC-treated rats relative to HT model rats, as well as fewer Th17 cells and more Treg cells - an observation consistent with the cytokine analyses. All of...
Source: Autoimmunity - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Autoimmunity Source Type: research
Conclusions: Our data demonstrate that the reduction in the number of Bregs with CD19+CD24+CD27+IL-10+ and CD19+IL-10+ expression could be responsible for breaking immune tolerance and for AITD development in children. PMID: 31790305 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Autoimmunity - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Autoimmunity Source Type: research
Abhijit A. Ambegaonkar1, Satoshi Nagata2, Susan K. Pierce1* and Haewon Sohn1* 1Laboratory of Immunogenetics, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, MD, United States 2Center for Drug Design Research, National Institutes of Biomedical Innovation, Health and Nutrition, Osaka, Japan Malaria is a deadly infectious disease associated with fundamental changes in the composition of the memory B cell (MBC) compartment, most notably a large expansion of T-bet+ MBCs, termed atypical MBCs. However, we know little about the precursors of atypical MBCs and the conditi...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is characterized by pathologic immune activation which occurs either as a familial disorder or as an acquired condition. The diagnosis of HLH requires the presence of five out of nine criteria: fever, splenomegaly, pancytopenia, hypertriglyceridemia, hypofibrinogenemia, hemophagocytosis in bone marrow, hyperferritinemia, low or absent natural killer cell activity and high level of soluble interleukin-2 receptor.Here we present a 6-month-old girl with parents from Southern Italy. She suffered from hepatosplenomegaly and a recurrent high fever for 3 months' duration. On admission, she...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 203. Lymphocytes, Lymphocyte Activation, and Immunodeficiency, including HIV and Other Infections Source Type: research
LITFL • Life in the Fast Lane Medical Blog LITFL • Life in the Fast Lane Medical Blog - Emergency medicine and critical care medical education blog aka Tropical Travel Trouble 009 The diagnosis of HIV is no longer fatal and the term AIDS is becoming less frequent. In many countries, people with HIV are living longer than those with diabetes. This post will hopefully teach the basics of a complex disease and demystify some of the potential diseases you need to consider in those who are severely immunosuppressed. While trying to be comprehensive this post can not be exhaustive (as you can imagine any patient with ...
Source: Life in the Fast Lane - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Clinical Cases Tropical Medicine AIDS art cryptococcoma cryptococcus HIV HIV1 HIV2 PEP PrEP TB toxoplasma tuberculoma Source Type: blogs
Discussion One of the most common problems in pediatrics is anemia. It is defined as “a lower than normal value for the related measurements of hemoglobin, hematocrit, and number of red blood cells”, usually 2 standard deviations below the normal for age. Normal hematological values change with age. For a discussion of which values are used click here. The most common type of anemia in childhood is iron deficiency which is commonly caused by inadequate stores (e.g. premature infant), inadequate intake (e.g. poor nutrition) or blood loss (e.g. menses). Anemia screening is recommended at age 9-12 months, and for...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
This week’s topics include managing preeclampsia, diet soft drinks and stroke, autoimmune conditions and malaria, and fecal immunochemical testing and colorectal cancer. Program notes: 0:36 Malaria, lupus and MS 1:36 B-cell activating factor or BAF 2:34 Sickle cell anemia also 3:16 Diet soft drinks and stroke 4:16 Three fold increased risk of stroke and Alzheimer’s […]
Source: Johns Hopkins Medicine Weekly Health News - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: All Podcasts Alzheimer's Disease And Dementia Chronic Disease Colon And Rectal Cancer Genetics Geriatrics High Blood Pressure Neurology And Neurosurgery PodMed Pregnancy Source Type: podcasts
Abstract Hemolytic diseases such as sickle-cell disease, β-thalassemia, malaria, and autoimmune hemolytic anemia continue to present serious clinical hurdles. In these diseases, lysis of erythrocytes causes the release of hemoglobin and heme into plasma. Extracellular heme has strong proinflammatory potential and activates immune cells and endothelium, thus contributing to disease pathogenesis. Recent studies have revealed that heme can interfere with the function of plasma effector systems such as the coagulation and complement cascades, in addition to the activity of immunoglobulins. Any perturbation in suc...
Source: Trends in Molecular Medicine - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Trends Mol Med Source Type: research
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