Clinically Resectable Acinar Cell Carcinoma of the Pancreas: Is There a Benefit to Adjuvant Systemic Therapy?

Publication date: Available online 11 October 2019Source: The American Journal of SurgeryAuthor(s): Dhruv J. Patel, Waseem Lutfi, Patrick Sweigert, Emanuel Eguia, Gerard Abood, Lawrence Knab, Paul C. Kuo, Marshall S. BakerAbstractBackgroundPrior studies of adjuvant systemic therapy in pancreatic acinar cell carcinoma have been underpowered.MethodsWe queried the National Cancer Data Base to identify patients presenting with resectable (clinical stage I and II) acinar cell carcinoma between 2004 and 2015. Multivariable Cox Regression was used to evaluate the association between overall survival and systemic therapy.Results298 patients met inclusion criteria: 38 received no treatment; 60 received systemic therapy alone; 84 received surgical resection alone; 116 underwent resection followed by adjuvant systemic therapy. On univariate analysis, resection was associated with a survival benefit compared to no treatment and systemic therapy alone (3-year overall survival: 57% vs. 26%, p
Source: The American Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research

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ConclusionPatients with pancreatic cancer with a tumor SUVmax ≥ 7.05 or a CA 19-9 value ≥ 240.55 are likely to have lymph node micrometastases.
Source: Abdominal Imaging - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Authors: Hyde AJ, Nassabein R, AlShareef A, Armstrong D, Babak S, Berry S, Bossé D, Chen E, Colwell B, Essery C, Goel R, Goodwin R, Gray S, Hammad N, Jeyakuymar A, Jonker D, Karanicolas P, Lamond N, Letourneau R, Michael J, Patil N, Powell E, Ramjeesingh R, Saliba W, Singh R, Snow S, Stuckless T, Tadros S, Tehfé M, Thana M, Thirlwell M, Vickers M, Virik K, Welch S, Asmis T Abstract The annual Eastern Canadian Gastrointestinal Cancer Consensus Conference was held in Halifax, Nova Scotia, 20-22 September 2018. Experts in radiation oncology, medical oncology, surgical oncology, and pathology who are invo...
Source: Current Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Curr Oncol Source Type: research
RAS protein activator like 2 (RASAL2) belongs to the RAS GTPase-activating protein family and plays an important role in several cancers, including ovarian cancer, nasopharyngeal carcinoma, malignant astrocytoma, renal cell carcinoma, bladder cancer, colorectal cancer, liver cancer, triple-negative breast cancer, lung adenocarcinoma, and pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. Traditionally, RASAL2 has been regarded as a tumor suppressor but recent studies have found that it is an oncogene in specific types of cancer, such as colorectal cancer, liver cancer, triple-negative breast cancer, triple-negative/estrogen receptor-negati...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe study suggested that hub genes EGFR, CDH1, ACTB, CD44, and VCL may play vital role in the pathogenesis of acute pancreatitis and may serve as potential biomarkers to facilitate future acute pancreatitis diagnosis and treatment.
Source: Digestive Diseases and Sciences - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Yicheng Ni Cancer remains a major cause of death globally. Given its relapsing and fatal features, curing cancer seems to be something hardly possible for the majority of patients. In view of the development in cancer therapies, this article summarizes currently available cancer therapeutics and cure potential by cancer type and stage at diagnosis, based on literature and database reviews. Currently common cancer therapeutics include surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy. However, treatment with curative intent by these methods are mainly eligible for patients with localized diseas...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: In this review, we outline the status and application of PDX models in both basic and pre-clinical pancreatic cancer researches. PDX model is one of the most appropriate pre-clinical tools that can improve the prognosis of patients with pancreatic cancer in the future. PMID: 31725451 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Chinese Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Chin Med J (Engl) Source Type: research
Conditions:   Stage III Pancreatic Cancer AJCC v8;   Stage IV Pancreatic Cancer AJCC v8;   Unresectable Pancreatic Carcinoma Interventions:   Drug: Bosentan;   Drug: Gemcitabine;   Drug: Nab-paclitaxel;   Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment;   Other: Questionnaire Administration Sponsors:   City of Hope Medical Center;   National Cancer Institute (NCI) Not yet recruiting
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
ysal-Onganer Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is one of the deadliest forms of cancer, proving difficult to manage clinically. Wnt-11, a developmentally regulated gene producing a secreted protein, has been associated with various carcinomas but has not previously been studied in PDAC. The present study aimed to elucidate these aspects first in vitro and then in a clinical setting in vivo. Molecular analyses of Wnt-11 expression as well as other biomarkers involved qRT-PCR, RNA-seq and siRNA. Proliferation was measured by MTT; invasiveness was quantified by Boyden chamber (Matrigel) assay. Wnt-11 mRNA was presen...
Source: Genes - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Major vascular resection to achieve macroscopic tumor clearance can be performed safely with acceptable operative morbidity and mortality. Nevertheless, it is justified only in carefully selected cases. PMID: 31687780 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Surgical Technology International - Category: Surgery Tags: Surg Technol Int Source Type: research
Authors: Modi A, Dwivedi S, Roy D, Khokhar M, Purohit P, Vishnoi J, Pareek P, Sharma S, Sharma P, Misra S Abstract Growth differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15) is a novel cytokine secreted by a variety of cells like macrophages, adipocytes, normally expressed in high amounts by placenta. It is also highly expressed in multiple carcinomas like Colon, Breast, Pancreas, Liver, and Ovarian. Several reports on serum GDF-15 as a potential biomarker for diagnosis and prognosis of cancer are hampered by the lack of robust data, with large sample size and critical patient recruitment. However, experimental accounts on cancer t...
Source: Growth Factors - Category: Research Tags: Growth Factors Source Type: research
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