Differential diagnosis of peripheral facial nerve palsy: a retrospective clinical, MRI and CSF-based study

ConclusionsAlthough peripheral facial palsy was predominantly idiopathic (75.3%) in our cohort, the disease was caused in approximately 25% of the patients by factors which require specific treatment. In the present study, CSF analysis proved to be the leading method for the diagnosis of Ramsay-Hunt-Syndrome, Lyme Neuroborreliosis, and other CNS infections. These subgroups made up approximately 15% of our cohort. To detect these subgroups reliably, routine use of CSF analysis in peripheral facial palsy may be advisable, whereas MRI proved to be useful for exclusion of otogenic and neoplastic processes with a sensitivity of 83% and 88%. We found that the use of MRI with contrast-enhancing compounds does not provide additional diagnostic information on the day of hospital admission. Hence, the potential benefits of routine use of MRI in patients with facial nerve palsy should be weighed against health care cost factors.
Source: Journal of Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research

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ConclusionMRI has good diagnostic performance for assessing myometrial invasion in patients with endometrial cancer, especially in patients younger than 60 years old. Dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI and diffusion weighted imaging can help improve sensitivity and specificity for detecting myometrial invasion. MRI shows high specificity for detecting cervical invasion and lymph node metastases in endometrial cancer.
Source: Academic Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Authors: Garcia-Robledo JE, Barrera MC, Tobón GJ Abstract CRISPR/Cas evolved as an adaptive immune system in bacteria and archaea to inactivate foreign viral and plasmid DNA. However, the capacities of various CRISPR/Cas systems for precise genome editing based on sequence homology also allow their use as tools for genomic and epigenomic modification in eukaryotes. Indeed, these genetic characteristics have proven useful for disease modeling and testing the specific functions of target genes under pathological conditions. Moreover, recent studies provide compelling evidence that CRISPR/Cas systems could be u...
Source: International Reviews of Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Int Rev Immunol Source Type: research
ConclusionsFP clinically classified as peripheral may be caused by central lesions in the cortex or pons and not only by peripheral facial nerve damage. In MS patients, FP may appear at the onset of the disease and be misdiagnosed as Bell ’s palsy. Clinicians should carefully approach FP diagnosis and perform a brain as well as temporal bone MRI before pursuing pharmacological treatment.Graphical Abstract
Source: Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
ConclusionsBrain activity patterns in depression are predictive of treatment response to rTMS, and longitudinal change of brain activity in relevant brain circuits after rTMS is associated with treatment response in depression. Target engagement paradigms may offer opportunities to increase the efficacy of rTMS in TRD by optimal selection of patients for treatment.Trial RegistrationClinicalTrials.gov Identifiers: NCT01887782 and NCT02800226.
Source: Brain Stimulation - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
We present the theoretical considerations of f-FTLD and the aims/objectives of this protocol. We also describe the design and methodology for evaluating and rating subjects, in which detailed clinical and neuropsychological assessments are performed, biofluid samples are collected, and magnetic resonance imaging scans are performed using a standard protocol.DiscussionThese data and samples, which are available to interested investigators worldwide, will facilitate planning for upcoming disease-modifying therapeutic trials in f-FTLD.
Source: Alzheimer's and Dementia: The Journal of the Alzheimer's Association - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 October 2019Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Medicine, and PathologyAuthor(s): Yosuke Fukushima, Yuta Isozaki, Mao Endo, Megumi Yumoto, Yumiko Kawata, Tsuyoshi SatoAbstractA 67-year-old female presented at our hospital with an indolent tumor in the buccal mucosa region. A spherical and movable, elastic soft tumor of approximately 10 mm was found under the right buccal mucosa. Contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging revealed a 14 × 13-mm mass with smooth edges and a non-uniform contrast effect. She was diagnosed with a benign tumor of the buccal mucosa...
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Medicine, and Pathology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe phantom data show the validity of our fast distortion correction algorithm. Patient-specific data are acquired in
Source: Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Our study is designed to highlight how fibrofatty changes are minimal using CMRI in the pediatric population and how this can be a valuable tool to provide an additional method of diagnosis. PMID: 31625461 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Fetal and Pediatric Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Fetal Pediatr Pathol Source Type: research
Publication date: 19 October 2019Source: New Scientist, Volume 244, Issue 3252Author(s): Clare Wilson
Source: New Scientist - Category: Science Source Type: research
AbstractPrimary Sj ögren’s syndrome (pSS) is a chronic autoimmune disorder associated with a variety of systemic presentations. Varied neurological dysfunctions of newly diagnosed adult patients with pSS have been observed in recent years. We aimed to describe a rare case of acute bilateral facial paralysis diagnos ed with pSS for the first time and review the previous studies including similar cases. A 69-year-old female, who had experienced ocular and oral dryness for more than 10 years, presented with bilateral facial palsy. Her laboratory test results showed positive anti-Ro (SSA) and anti-Ro-52 antibod...
Source: Rheumatology International - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
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