Neural activation for actual and imagined movement following unilateral hand transplantation: a case study.

We report functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) findings for neural activation related to actual and imagined movement, for a 54-year-old male patient, who had received a donor hand transplant 50 years following amputation. Two assessments, conducted 3 months and 6 months post-operatively, demonstrate engagement of motor-control related brain regions for the transplanted hand, during both actual and imagined movement of the fingers. The intact hand exhibited a more intense and focused pattern of activation for actual movement relative to imagined movement, whereas activation for the transplanted hand was more widely distributed and did not clearly differentiate actual and imagined movement. However, the spatial overlap of actual-movement and imagined-movement voxels, for the transplanted hand, did increase over time to a level comparable to that of the intact hand. At these relatively early post-operative assessments, brain regions outside of the canonical motor-control networks appear to be supporting movement of the transplanted hand. PMID: 31549902 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Neurocase - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Neurocase Source Type: research

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Abstract Adipose-derived stromal cell (ASC) therapy is currently investigated as a new treatment option for patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of ASC therapy in patients with chronic IHD measuring myocardial perfusion and cardiac function using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMRI). Patients were included in MyStromalCell trial, a phase II, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study investigated the effect of ASCs in patients with chronic IHD with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). In total, 41 of 60 patients underwent cine, ...
Source: Cell Transplantation - Category: Cytology Authors: Tags: Cell Transplant Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 2 November 2019Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Jie Ding, Yi Zhang, Cong-Xiao Wang, Pei-Cheng Li, Zhen Zhao, Chao Wang, Gao-Jun TengAbstractAimsStroke is a refractory cerebral blood circulation disorder. Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) participate in the repair and regeneration of vascular injury through the combination of cell replacement and bystander effects. Here, we evaluated the biological function of EPCs in treating a mouse model of cerebral ischaemic stroke, using dual-mode bioluminescence and magnetic resonance imaging to trace EPCs in vivo.Main methodsWe constructed a viral ...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
ConclusionFindings are consistent with a low rate of RTX interruptions, with pregnancy and adverse events as most frequent reasons. A small proportion of patients switched due to breakthrough disease in context of incomplete B-lymphocyte depletion. Signs of ongoing disease activity in the remaining group was low regardless of whether a new DMT was started. These findings are consistent with a long acting effect of RTX in RRMS and absence of rebound disease activity phenomena upon stopping therapy.
Source: Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeThe main purpose of this investigation was to compare the amount of graft extrusion of lateral meniscal allograft transplantation (MAT) performed with a suture-only technique with or without a capsulodesis. Secondarily, the assessment of functional results was also covered. We hypothesized that capsular fixation reduces the post-operative degree of allograft extrusion and it does not affect the functional outcomes during the short-term follow-up period studied.MethodsProspective series of 29 lateral MAT. Fifteen were fixed with a suture-only technique (group A). The remaining 14 cases (group B) also included...
Source: International Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Here we assessed the diagnostic value of a quantitative multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) protocol for evaluation of renal allograft dysfunction with fibrosis. Twenty-seven renal transplant patients, including 15 with stable functional allografts (eGFR mean 71.5 ml/min/1.73m2), and 12 with chronic dysfunction/established fibrosis (eGFR mean 30.1 ml/min/1.73m2) were enrolled in this prospective single-center study. Sixteen of the patients had renal biopsy (mean 150 days) before the MRI.
Source: Kidney International - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Technical Notes Source Type: research
ConclusionFindings are consistent with a low rate of RTX interruptions, with pregnancy and adverse events as most frequent reasons. A small proportion of patients switched due to breakthrough disease in context of incomplete B-lymphocyte depletion. Signs of ongoing disease activity in the remaining group was low regardless of whether a new DMT was started. These findings are consistent with a long acting effect of RTX in RRMS and absence of rebound disease activity phenomena upon stopping therapy.
Source: Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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Source: Transplant Immunology - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Transpl Immunol Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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Source: Fetal and Pediatric Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Fetal Pediatr Pathol Source Type: research
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Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research
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