Multidrug resistance and risk factors associated with community-acquired urinary tract infections caused by Escherichia coli in Venezuela.

CONCLUSIONS: The high frequency of multidrug-resistant ESBL-producing isolates should alert the regional health authorities to take measures to reduce the risk of outbreaks caused by these types of bacteria in the community. PMID: 31529852 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Biomedica Source Type: research

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Authors: Siqueira-Batista R, De Souza Bayão T, Do Carmo Cupertino M, Alfred Joseph Mayers N, Patrícia Gomes A Abstract Yellow fever is an acute febrile illness for which there is no specific antiviral treatment. Since 2016, Brazil has experienced two outbreaks, and collective health measures have been adopted to contain these grievances. However, published data about the drug sofosbuvir against flaviviruses are promising, suggesting the relevance of conducting future clinical trials. PMID: 31613184 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Pathogens and Global Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Pathog Glob Health Source Type: research
ConclusionRepeated PPS data from 2007 to 2016 show a decrease in the prevalence of patients with HCAI with onset during hospitalization, and a stable prevalence of patients with HCAI at admission. The adjusted OR of 0.97 for HCAI during hospitalization indicates a true reduction in prevalence of approximately 3% per year.
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
(CNN) — When multidrug-resistant pathogens kept reappearing on the skin of premature babies in a German hospital’s neonatal intensive care unit, investigators were confused. Tests for contamination in the incubators, as well as among healthcare workers who came into contact with the preemies, were all coming up negative, according to a report on the case published Friday by the American Society for Microbiology. But tests showed the babies were continually being reinfected with Klebsiella oxytoca, a bacteria notorious for hospital-acquired infections such as pneumonia, urinary tract infection, soft tissue infec...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health News Offbeat CNN Source Type: news
Conclusion This study revealed that Enterococcus species with biofilm potentials and extracellular virulence properties extensively occur in retail RTE shrimps. A significant number of isolated strains are resistant to antibiotics and harbor resistant and virulent genes, denoting a significant route of resistance and virulence dissemination to bacteria in humans. There is an inadequate understanding of the intricacies of antibiotic-resistant enterococci of food origin that belong to enterococci aside from E. faecium and E. faecalis. Findings from this study reveal detailed antibiotic resistance of E. durans, E. casselifla...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Conclusion In this study, a self-transmissible IncN2 plasmid bearing blaNDM was detected in ST405 E. coli, which is a globally disseminated lineage. We highlight the dissemination potential of IncN2 plasmids harboring blaNDM. The presence of blaNDM mediated by plasmids in the high-risk clone ST405 E. coli linked with multiple virulence genes and resistance genes is increasing, which may create health concerns. Author Contributions YJ and ZL designed the experiments. YH analyzed the data and wrote the manuscript. CS and XG prepared the table and figures. YB carried out the bacteria identification. Funding The study was...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Abstract Background: Escherichia coli is a Gram-negative, opportunistic human pathogen in which increasing antibiotic resistance is a great concern for continued human survival. Although biofilm formation is a mechanism that helps E. coli to survive in unfavorable conditions, according to the importance of biofilm formation in developing the antibiotic resistance here, we studied the relation between antibiotic resistance and in vitro qualitative rating method biofilm formation in E. coli isolated from patients with urinary tract infection (UTI). Materials and Methods: The clinical isolates of E. coli (n = 10...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Adv Biomed Res Source Type: research
Author Affiliations open 1Public Health Institute, Oakland, California, USA 2Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA 3Instituto de Microbiologia, Colegio de Ciencias Biologicas y Ambientales, Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Quito, Ecuador 4Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA 5Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA 6Department of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA PDF Version (176 KB) Abstract ...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Brief Communication Source Type: research
Conclusions: Our study documented high distribution of ESBLs among E. coli isolates from outpatients with recurrent UTIs, with CTX-M as the predominant ESBL. In the current situation, it is important that antibiotic treatment is be started only after a proper sensitivity report is obtained from the laboratory.
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Conclusions. An ESBL-producing ST131-H30Rx strain caused UTI in 2 siblings, plus asymptomatic intestinal colonization in multiple other household members, and was the household's most extensively detected and persistent fecal E. coli strain. Efficient transmission and intestinal colonization may contribute to the epidemiologic success of the H30Rx subclone of E. coli ST131.
Source: Clinical Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: ELECTRONIC ARTICLES Source Type: research
Conclusions: The major risk factors for the acquisition of a MDR E. coli were found to be residence in a nursing home and in-hospital prescription of antimicrobials to which the MDR E. coli was resistant. This emphasises that prevention of transmission of MDROs within a community needs to involve both hospitals and also other healthcare organizations, in this case nursing homes.
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
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