The vaccines are here: Are we ready?
Biomedica. 2021 Mar 19;41(1):5-7. doi: 10.7705/biomedica.6072.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33761184 | DOI:10.7705/biomedica.6072 (Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud)
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - March 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Fernando Ruiz Juli án Fernández-Niño Source Type: research

Velamentous cord insertion, ischemic-hypoxic encephalopathy, and neurological rehabilitation: A case report
We describe his neurological rehabilitation process and we calculated the percentage of probability of presenting this condition compared to the population without these factors. The patient was a five-year-old boy with an Apgar index at birth equal to zero at one minute and equal to two at fifteen minutes who developed severe hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy secondary to a velamentous cord insertion without prenatal diagnosis and a marked initial neurological and multisystemic compromise. The recovery process included early multidisciplinary management in the neonatal intensive care unit and a focus on early neurological h...
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - March 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Mar ía José Úsuga Gloria Alejandra Jaramillo Valentina Palacio Sergio Andr és Correa Juan Camilo Su árez-Escudero Source Type: research

Visual and neurological impairment post-dysfunction in the ventricle-peritoneal shunt system: A case report
We present the clinical case of a patient with cerebral palsy, intraventricular hemorrhage, and hydrocephalus as a result of a preterm multiple pregnancy who developed optic atrophy during childhood secondary to ventricle-peritoneal shunt dysfunction. During the rehabilitation and treatment period, she received neurorehabilitation sessions, which improved her visual acuity and capacity. We found similarities and differences with other cases and we confirmed the importance of the treatment chosen for the recovery of visual capacity.PMID:33761186 | DOI:10.7705/biomedica.5657 (Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud)
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - March 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Valentina Duque Laura Chaverra Juanita Cury Mar ía Carolina Portela Juan Camilo Su árez-Escudero Source Type: research

Mortality caused by venomous animals in Venezuela (2000-2009): A new epidemiological pattern
Conclusions: Taking into account previous records of animal envenomations in Venezuela, we provided evidence for a shift in the pattern of mortality. Deaths due to centipede bites have increased, making it the third leading cause of envenomation-related mortality in Venezuela. Scorpionism, on the other hand, has declined to the fourth most common cause of fatal envenomations in the country.PMID:33761187 | DOI:10.7705/biomedica.5561 (Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud)
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - March 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Leonardo De Sousa Adolfo Borges Enzo De Sousa-Insana Aleikar V ásquez-Suárez Source Type: research

An outbreak of Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Give associated with foodborne illness in the department of Vichada, Colombia, 2015
Conclusion: Our study confirmed that canned sardines were related to the transmission of S. Give in the outbreak, which is the third one caused by this serotype in Colombia.PMID:33761188 | DOI:10.7705/biomedica.5206 (Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud)
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - March 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Nancy Yaneth Fl órez Stefany Alejandra Ar évalo Edna Catering Rodr íguez Jaime Guerrero Kelly Paola Valverde Paula Luc ía Díaz Lucy Angeline Monta ño Doris Mabel Gartner Carolina Duarte Jaime Enrique Moreno Source Type: research

Image quality, reading, and mammography service in four diagnostic imaging centers in Manizales, Colombia
Conclusion: The city’s diagnostic centers under evaluation are authorized for their operation. However, there are important deficiencies in image quality and reading, which highlights the need to seek quality standards starting from those aspects that can be improved upon.PMID:33761189 | DOI:10.7705/biomedica.5135 (Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud)
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - March 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Karol Julieth Garc ía Juli án David Ocampo Mar ía Del Pilar Pardo Tatiana Aguilar Carlos Alberto Ruiz Andr és Castaño Source Type: research

Laboratory-based surveillance of Shigella spp. from human clinical cases in Colombia, 1997-2018
CONCLUSIONS: In Colombia, children under five years are affected by all Shigella species. These findings should guide funders and public health officials to make evidence based decisions for protection and prevention measures. The antimicrobial resistance characteristics found in this study underline the importance of combating the dissemination of the most frequently isolated species, S. sonnei and S. flexneri.PMID:33761190 | DOI:10.7705/biomedica.5113 (Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud)
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - March 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Edna Catering Rodr íguez Adriana Marcela Bautista Lucy Angeline Monta ño Mar ía Victoria Ovalle Francia Patricia Correa Source Type: research

Identification of medication errors through a monitoring and minimization program in outpatients in Colombia, 2018-2019
Conclusions: Medication errors are relatively rare situations, generally classified as circumstances or events capable of generating the error (type A error). In low proportion, they can reach the patient and cause damage or even death.PMID:33761191 | DOI:10.7705/biomedica.5544 (Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud)
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - March 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Manuel Enrique Machado-Duque Jorge Enrique Machado-Alba Andr és Gaviria-Mendoza Luis Fernando Valladales-Restrepo Ilsa Yadira Parrado-Fajardo Mauren Ospina-Castellanos Luisa Fernanda Rojas-Chavarro John Alexander L ópez-Rincón Source Type: research

Direct costs of neonatal infection acquired in the community in full-term newborns and low risk at birth, Cundinamarca, Colombia
Conclusions: The categories generating the greatest impact on the care costs of newborns with infection were hospitalization in neonatal units and health technologies. The costs followed a log-normal distribution.PMID:33761192 | DOI:10.7705/biomedica.5196 (Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud)
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - March 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Sergio Iv án Agudelo Carlos Federico Molina Óscar Andrés Gamboa Juan David Su árez Source Type: research

Experimental acute arsenic toxicity in Balb/c mice: organic markers and splenic involvement
Conclusion: These findings provide scientific evidence about changes occurring in biomarkers involved in the immunotoxicity of arsenic and offer a methodology for testing possible treatments against the deleterious action of this compound on the immune system.PMID:33761193 | DOI:10.7705/biomedica.5485 (Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud)
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - March 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Alejandra Mariel Canalis Roberto Daniel P érez Gisele Evangelina Falchini Elio Andr és Soria Source Type: research

Prevalence and impact of potentially inappropriate medication on community-dwelling older adults
Biomedica. 2021 Mar 19;41(1):111-122. doi: 10.7705/biomedica.5787.ABSTRACTINTRODUCTION: Potentially inappropriate medication is associated with adverse health and functional outcomes, as well as increased health care costs.OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence and types of potentially inappropriate medication according to the Beers criteria in community-dwelling older persons and to identify the major clinical and functional consequences of potentially inappropriate medication during two years of following.MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a longitudinal, descriptive, and observational study that included 400 65-year or ...
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - March 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Alejandra Fern ández Fernando G ómez Carmen-Luc ía Curcio Edison Pineda Juliana Fernandes de Souza Source Type: research

Adverse effects of modeling substances in Cali, Colombia
Conclusions: The care of these patients requires multidisciplinary teams to establish treatment alternatives to improve their quality of life. In addition, the regulation of establishments, as well as the surveillance, inspection, and control of the imports and use of these substances should be warranted.PMID:33761195 | DOI:10.7705/biomedica.5707 (Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud)
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - March 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Claudia Marcela Castro Carlos Alberto R íos Carlos Alejandro L ópez Martha Luc ía Ospina Yamileth Ortiz Source Type: research

Concurrent validity of five prediction equations to evaluate fat percentage in a sports group expected to yield high performance from Medell ín, Colombia
CONCLUSIONS: The Durnin and Rahaman and the Johnston equations, as well as the fivecomponent model, can be used to predict the FP in the study population as they showed a "good/excellent" concurrent validity and a low average bias. The equations analyzed have low accuracy, which hinders their use to diagnose the individual fat percentage within this population.PMID:33761196 | DOI:10.7705/biomedica.5333 (Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud)
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - March 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Ana Luc ía López Juan David V élez Ang élica María García Elkin Fernando Arango Source Type: research

Relationship between death and admission of pediatric patients to intensive care due to Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia acquired in the community, 2014-2017
Conclusions: The AC-SA led to high mortality and admission to the intensive care unit; 52.3% of strains were resistant and resistance to methicillin showed higher mortality, although the mortality with sensitive strains was considerable. Endocarditis showed fairly high mortality. The empirical therapy should be adjusted when bacteremia due to AC-SA is suspected.PMID:33761197 | DOI:10.7705/biomedica.5275 (Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud)
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - March 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Freddy Israel Pantoja Willinton Robert Ricaurte Diana Elizabeth Rosero Source Type: research

Detection of Aedes (Stegomyia) albopictus (Skuse) in ovitraps of M érida city, México
Conclusions: The results confirm that Ae. albopictus coexisted with Ae. aegypti in Mérida at the time of the study. The low relative abundance suggests that Ae. albopictus was in the initial phase of invasion.PMID:33761198 | DOI:10.7705/biomedica.5525 (Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud)
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - March 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Gabriela Gonz ález-Olvera Magallly Morales-Rodr íguez Wilbert Bibiano-Mar ín Jorge Palacio-Vargas Yamili Contreras-Perera Abdiel Mart ín-Park Azael Che-Mendoza Marco Torres-Castro Fabi án Correa-Morales Her ón Huerta-Jiménez Pedro Mis- Ávila Gonza Source Type: research

Inhibition of defensin A and cecropin A responses to dengue virus 1 infection in Aedes aegypti
CONCLUSION: DENV-1 virus inhibited the expression of defensin A and cecropin A genes in a wild Ae. aegypti population from Venezuela.PMID:33761199 | DOI:10.7705/biomedica.5491 (Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud)
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - March 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Yda M éndez C ésar Pacheco Flor Herrera Source Type: research

Legionelosis en Espa ña, 2010-2015
Conclusion: Despite its low prevalence compared to other respiratory diseases, legionellosis has a great impact on public health. Its distribution in Spain is global and heterogeneous with cases increasing in the last two years. Therefore, better disease prevention and control measures are recommended.PMID:33761200 | DOI:10.7705/biomedica.5367 (Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud)
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - March 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Enrique Gea-Izquierdo Source Type: research

Metacyclogenesis of Trypanosoma cruzi in B. ferroae (Reduviidae: Triatominae) and feces infectivity under laboratory conditions
Conclusions: This is the first time that T. cruzi metacyclogenesis is reported in a species of the genus Belminus under laboratory conditions and the infectivity of Belminus’ feces is demonstrated on a vertebrate host.PMID:33761201 | DOI:10.7705/biomedica.5394 (Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud)
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - March 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Maritza Alarc ón Cesare Colasante Sonia Araujo Reinaldo Guti érrez-Marín Dalmiro Cazorla-Perfetti Claudia Magaly Sandoval-Ram írez Source Type: research

Factors associated with lethality from pneumonia in an acute care for the elderly unit: a retrospective cohort
Biomedica. 2021 Mar 1;41(1):187-190.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33761202 (Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud)
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - March 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Carlos G Cotera Sara R Cajavilca Diana C Santisteban Diana C Quintero-Gonz ález Jos é Mauricio Ocampo-Chaparro Carlos A Reyes-Ortiz Source Type: research

The vaccines are here: Are we ready?
Biomedica. 2021 Mar 19;41(1):5-7. doi: 10.7705/biomedica.6072.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33761184 | DOI:10.7705/biomedica.6072 (Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud)
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - March 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Fernando Ruiz Juli án Fernández-Niño Source Type: research

Velamentous cord insertion, ischemic-hypoxic encephalopathy, and neurological rehabilitation: A case report
We describe his neurological rehabilitation process and we calculated the percentage of probability of presenting this condition compared to the population without these factors. The patient was a five-year-old boy with an Apgar index at birth equal to zero at one minute and equal to two at fifteen minutes who developed severe hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy secondary to a velamentous cord insertion without prenatal diagnosis and a marked initial neurological and multisystemic compromise. The recovery process included early multidisciplinary management in the neonatal intensive care unit and a focus on early neurological h...
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - March 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Mar ía José Úsuga Gloria Alejandra Jaramillo Valentina Palacio Sergio Andr és Correa Juan Camilo Su árez-Escudero Source Type: research

Visual and neurological impairment post-dysfunction in the ventricle-peritoneal shunt system: A case report
We present the clinical case of a patient with cerebral palsy, intraventricular hemorrhage, and hydrocephalus as a result of a preterm multiple pregnancy who developed optic atrophy during childhood secondary to ventricle-peritoneal shunt dysfunction. During the rehabilitation and treatment period, she received neurorehabilitation sessions, which improved her visual acuity and capacity. We found similarities and differences with other cases and we confirmed the importance of the treatment chosen for the recovery of visual capacity.PMID:33761186 | DOI:10.7705/biomedica.5657 (Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud)
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - March 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Valentina Duque Laura Chaverra Juanita Cury Mar ía Carolina Portela Juan Camilo Su árez-Escudero Source Type: research

Mortality caused by venomous animals in Venezuela (2000-2009): A new epidemiological pattern
Conclusions: Taking into account previous records of animal envenomations in Venezuela, we provided evidence for a shift in the pattern of mortality. Deaths due to centipede bites have increased, making it the third leading cause of envenomation-related mortality in Venezuela. Scorpionism, on the other hand, has declined to the fourth most common cause of fatal envenomations in the country.PMID:33761187 | DOI:10.7705/biomedica.5561 (Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud)
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - March 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Leonardo De Sousa Adolfo Borges Enzo De Sousa-Insana Aleikar V ásquez-Suárez Source Type: research

An outbreak of Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Give associated with foodborne illness in the department of Vichada, Colombia, 2015
Conclusion: Our study confirmed that canned sardines were related to the transmission of S. Give in the outbreak, which is the third one caused by this serotype in Colombia.PMID:33761188 | DOI:10.7705/biomedica.5206 (Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud)
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - March 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Nancy Yaneth Fl órez Stefany Alejandra Ar évalo Edna Catering Rodr íguez Jaime Guerrero Kelly Paola Valverde Paula Luc ía Díaz Lucy Angeline Monta ño Doris Mabel Gartner Carolina Duarte Jaime Enrique Moreno Source Type: research

Image quality, reading, and mammography service in four diagnostic imaging centers in Manizales, Colombia
Conclusion: The city’s diagnostic centers under evaluation are authorized for their operation. However, there are important deficiencies in image quality and reading, which highlights the need to seek quality standards starting from those aspects that can be improved upon.PMID:33761189 | DOI:10.7705/biomedica.5135 (Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud)
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - March 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Karol Julieth Garc ía Juli án David Ocampo Mar ía Del Pilar Pardo Tatiana Aguilar Carlos Alberto Ruiz Andr és Castaño Source Type: research

Laboratory-based surveillance of Shigella spp. from human clinical cases in Colombia, 1997-2018
CONCLUSIONS: In Colombia, children under five years are affected by all Shigella species. These findings should guide funders and public health officials to make evidence based decisions for protection and prevention measures. The antimicrobial resistance characteristics found in this study underline the importance of combating the dissemination of the most frequently isolated species, S. sonnei and S. flexneri.PMID:33761190 | DOI:10.7705/biomedica.5113 (Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud)
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - March 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Edna Catering Rodr íguez Adriana Marcela Bautista Lucy Angeline Monta ño Mar ía Victoria Ovalle Francia Patricia Correa Source Type: research

Identification of medication errors through a monitoring and minimization program in outpatients in Colombia, 2018-2019
Conclusions: Medication errors are relatively rare situations, generally classified as circumstances or events capable of generating the error (type A error). In low proportion, they can reach the patient and cause damage or even death.PMID:33761191 | DOI:10.7705/biomedica.5544 (Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud)
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - March 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Manuel Enrique Machado-Duque Jorge Enrique Machado-Alba Andr és Gaviria-Mendoza Luis Fernando Valladales-Restrepo Ilsa Yadira Parrado-Fajardo Mauren Ospina-Castellanos Luisa Fernanda Rojas-Chavarro John Alexander L ópez-Rincón Source Type: research

Direct costs of neonatal infection acquired in the community in full-term newborns and low risk at birth, Cundinamarca, Colombia
Conclusions: The categories generating the greatest impact on the care costs of newborns with infection were hospitalization in neonatal units and health technologies. The costs followed a log-normal distribution.PMID:33761192 | DOI:10.7705/biomedica.5196 (Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud)
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - March 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Sergio Iv án Agudelo Carlos Federico Molina Óscar Andrés Gamboa Juan David Su árez Source Type: research

Experimental acute arsenic toxicity in Balb/c mice: organic markers and splenic involvement
Conclusion: These findings provide scientific evidence about changes occurring in biomarkers involved in the immunotoxicity of arsenic and offer a methodology for testing possible treatments against the deleterious action of this compound on the immune system.PMID:33761193 | DOI:10.7705/biomedica.5485 (Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud)
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - March 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Alejandra Mariel Canalis Roberto Daniel P érez Gisele Evangelina Falchini Elio Andr és Soria Source Type: research

Prevalence and impact of potentially inappropriate medication on community-dwelling older adults
Biomedica. 2021 Mar 19;41(1):111-122. doi: 10.7705/biomedica.5787.ABSTRACTINTRODUCTION: Potentially inappropriate medication is associated with adverse health and functional outcomes, as well as increased health care costs.OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence and types of potentially inappropriate medication according to the Beers criteria in community-dwelling older persons and to identify the major clinical and functional consequences of potentially inappropriate medication during two years of following.MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a longitudinal, descriptive, and observational study that included 400 65-year or ...
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - March 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Alejandra Fern ández Fernando G ómez Carmen-Luc ía Curcio Edison Pineda Juliana Fernandes de Souza Source Type: research

Adverse effects of modeling substances in Cali, Colombia
Conclusions: The care of these patients requires multidisciplinary teams to establish treatment alternatives to improve their quality of life. In addition, the regulation of establishments, as well as the surveillance, inspection, and control of the imports and use of these substances should be warranted.PMID:33761195 | DOI:10.7705/biomedica.5707 (Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud)
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - March 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Claudia Marcela Castro Carlos Alberto R íos Carlos Alejandro L ópez Martha Luc ía Ospina Yamileth Ortiz Source Type: research

Concurrent validity of five prediction equations to evaluate fat percentage in a sports group expected to yield high performance from Medell ín, Colombia
CONCLUSIONS: The Durnin and Rahaman and the Johnston equations, as well as the fivecomponent model, can be used to predict the FP in the study population as they showed a "good/excellent" concurrent validity and a low average bias. The equations analyzed have low accuracy, which hinders their use to diagnose the individual fat percentage within this population.PMID:33761196 | DOI:10.7705/biomedica.5333 (Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud)
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - March 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Ana Luc ía López Juan David V élez Ang élica María García Elkin Fernando Arango Source Type: research

Relationship between death and admission of pediatric patients to intensive care due to Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia acquired in the community, 2014-2017
Conclusions: The AC-SA led to high mortality and admission to the intensive care unit; 52.3% of strains were resistant and resistance to methicillin showed higher mortality, although the mortality with sensitive strains was considerable. Endocarditis showed fairly high mortality. The empirical therapy should be adjusted when bacteremia due to AC-SA is suspected.PMID:33761197 | DOI:10.7705/biomedica.5275 (Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud)
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - March 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Freddy Israel Pantoja Willinton Robert Ricaurte Diana Elizabeth Rosero Source Type: research

Detection of Aedes (Stegomyia) albopictus (Skuse) in ovitraps of M érida city, México
Conclusions: The results confirm that Ae. albopictus coexisted with Ae. aegypti in Mérida at the time of the study. The low relative abundance suggests that Ae. albopictus was in the initial phase of invasion.PMID:33761198 | DOI:10.7705/biomedica.5525 (Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud)
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - March 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Gabriela Gonz ález-Olvera Magallly Morales-Rodr íguez Wilbert Bibiano-Mar ín Jorge Palacio-Vargas Yamili Contreras-Perera Abdiel Mart ín-Park Azael Che-Mendoza Marco Torres-Castro Fabi án Correa-Morales Her ón Huerta-Jiménez Pedro Mis- Ávila Gonza Source Type: research

Inhibition of defensin A and cecropin A responses to dengue virus 1 infection in Aedes aegypti
CONCLUSION: DENV-1 virus inhibited the expression of defensin A and cecropin A genes in a wild Ae. aegypti population from Venezuela.PMID:33761199 | DOI:10.7705/biomedica.5491 (Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud)
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - March 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Yda M éndez C ésar Pacheco Flor Herrera Source Type: research

Legionelosis en Espa ña, 2010-2015
Conclusion: Despite its low prevalence compared to other respiratory diseases, legionellosis has a great impact on public health. Its distribution in Spain is global and heterogeneous with cases increasing in the last two years. Therefore, better disease prevention and control measures are recommended.PMID:33761200 | DOI:10.7705/biomedica.5367 (Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud)
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - March 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Enrique Gea-Izquierdo Source Type: research

Metacyclogenesis of Trypanosoma cruzi in B. ferroae (Reduviidae: Triatominae) and feces infectivity under laboratory conditions
Conclusions: This is the first time that T. cruzi metacyclogenesis is reported in a species of the genus Belminus under laboratory conditions and the infectivity of Belminus’ feces is demonstrated on a vertebrate host.PMID:33761201 | DOI:10.7705/biomedica.5394 (Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud)
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - March 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Maritza Alarc ón Cesare Colasante Sonia Araujo Reinaldo Guti érrez-Marín Dalmiro Cazorla-Perfetti Claudia Magaly Sandoval-Ram írez Source Type: research

Factors associated with lethality from pneumonia in an acute care for the elderly unit: a retrospective cohort
Biomedica. 2021 Mar 1;41(1):187-190.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33761202 (Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud)
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - March 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Carlos G Cotera Sara R Cajavilca Diana C Santisteban Diana C Quintero-Gonz ález Jos é Mauricio Ocampo-Chaparro Carlos A Reyes-Ortiz Source Type: research

The vaccines are here: Are we ready?
Biomedica. 2021 Mar 19;41(1):5-7. doi: 10.7705/biomedica.6072.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33761184 | DOI:10.7705/biomedica.6072 (Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud)
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - March 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Fernando Ruiz Juli án Fernández-Niño Source Type: research

Velamentous cord insertion, ischemic-hypoxic encephalopathy, and neurological rehabilitation: A case report
We describe his neurological rehabilitation process and we calculated the percentage of probability of presenting this condition compared to the population without these factors. The patient was a five-year-old boy with an Apgar index at birth equal to zero at one minute and equal to two at fifteen minutes who developed severe hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy secondary to a velamentous cord insertion without prenatal diagnosis and a marked initial neurological and multisystemic compromise. The recovery process included early multidisciplinary management in the neonatal intensive care unit and a focus on early neurological h...
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - March 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Mar ía José Úsuga Gloria Alejandra Jaramillo Valentina Palacio Sergio Andr és Correa Juan Camilo Su árez-Escudero Source Type: research

Visual and neurological impairment post-dysfunction in the ventricle-peritoneal shunt system: A case report
We present the clinical case of a patient with cerebral palsy, intraventricular hemorrhage, and hydrocephalus as a result of a preterm multiple pregnancy who developed optic atrophy during childhood secondary to ventricle-peritoneal shunt dysfunction. During the rehabilitation and treatment period, she received neurorehabilitation sessions, which improved her visual acuity and capacity. We found similarities and differences with other cases and we confirmed the importance of the treatment chosen for the recovery of visual capacity.PMID:33761186 | DOI:10.7705/biomedica.5657 (Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud)
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - March 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Valentina Duque Laura Chaverra Juanita Cury Mar ía Carolina Portela Juan Camilo Su árez-Escudero Source Type: research

Mortality caused by venomous animals in Venezuela (2000-2009): A new epidemiological pattern
Conclusions: Taking into account previous records of animal envenomations in Venezuela, we provided evidence for a shift in the pattern of mortality. Deaths due to centipede bites have increased, making it the third leading cause of envenomation-related mortality in Venezuela. Scorpionism, on the other hand, has declined to the fourth most common cause of fatal envenomations in the country.PMID:33761187 | DOI:10.7705/biomedica.5561 (Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud)
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - March 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Leonardo De Sousa Adolfo Borges Enzo De Sousa-Insana Aleikar V ásquez-Suárez Source Type: research

An outbreak of Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Give associated with foodborne illness in the department of Vichada, Colombia, 2015
Conclusion: Our study confirmed that canned sardines were related to the transmission of S. Give in the outbreak, which is the third one caused by this serotype in Colombia.PMID:33761188 | DOI:10.7705/biomedica.5206 (Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud)
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - March 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Nancy Yaneth Fl órez Stefany Alejandra Ar évalo Edna Catering Rodr íguez Jaime Guerrero Kelly Paola Valverde Paula Luc ía Díaz Lucy Angeline Monta ño Doris Mabel Gartner Carolina Duarte Jaime Enrique Moreno Source Type: research

Image quality, reading, and mammography service in four diagnostic imaging centers in Manizales, Colombia
Conclusion: The city’s diagnostic centers under evaluation are authorized for their operation. However, there are important deficiencies in image quality and reading, which highlights the need to seek quality standards starting from those aspects that can be improved upon.PMID:33761189 | DOI:10.7705/biomedica.5135 (Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud)
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - March 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Karol Julieth Garc ía Juli án David Ocampo Mar ía Del Pilar Pardo Tatiana Aguilar Carlos Alberto Ruiz Andr és Castaño Source Type: research

Laboratory-based surveillance of Shigella spp. from human clinical cases in Colombia, 1997-2018
CONCLUSIONS: In Colombia, children under five years are affected by all Shigella species. These findings should guide funders and public health officials to make evidence based decisions for protection and prevention measures. The antimicrobial resistance characteristics found in this study underline the importance of combating the dissemination of the most frequently isolated species, S. sonnei and S. flexneri.PMID:33761190 | DOI:10.7705/biomedica.5113 (Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud)
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - March 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Edna Catering Rodr íguez Adriana Marcela Bautista Lucy Angeline Monta ño Mar ía Victoria Ovalle Francia Patricia Correa Source Type: research

Identification of medication errors through a monitoring and minimization program in outpatients in Colombia, 2018-2019
Conclusions: Medication errors are relatively rare situations, generally classified as circumstances or events capable of generating the error (type A error). In low proportion, they can reach the patient and cause damage or even death.PMID:33761191 | DOI:10.7705/biomedica.5544 (Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud)
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - March 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Manuel Enrique Machado-Duque Jorge Enrique Machado-Alba Andr és Gaviria-Mendoza Luis Fernando Valladales-Restrepo Ilsa Yadira Parrado-Fajardo Mauren Ospina-Castellanos Luisa Fernanda Rojas-Chavarro John Alexander L ópez-Rincón Source Type: research

Direct costs of neonatal infection acquired in the community in full-term newborns and low risk at birth, Cundinamarca, Colombia
Conclusions: The categories generating the greatest impact on the care costs of newborns with infection were hospitalization in neonatal units and health technologies. The costs followed a log-normal distribution.PMID:33761192 | DOI:10.7705/biomedica.5196 (Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud)
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - March 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Sergio Iv án Agudelo Carlos Federico Molina Óscar Andrés Gamboa Juan David Su árez Source Type: research

Experimental acute arsenic toxicity in Balb/c mice: organic markers and splenic involvement
Conclusion: These findings provide scientific evidence about changes occurring in biomarkers involved in the immunotoxicity of arsenic and offer a methodology for testing possible treatments against the deleterious action of this compound on the immune system.PMID:33761193 | DOI:10.7705/biomedica.5485 (Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud)
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - March 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Alejandra Mariel Canalis Roberto Daniel P érez Gisele Evangelina Falchini Elio Andr és Soria Source Type: research

Prevalence and impact of potentially inappropriate medication on community-dwelling older adults
Biomedica. 2021 Mar 19;41(1):111-122. doi: 10.7705/biomedica.5787.ABSTRACTINTRODUCTION: Potentially inappropriate medication is associated with adverse health and functional outcomes, as well as increased health care costs.OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence and types of potentially inappropriate medication according to the Beers criteria in community-dwelling older persons and to identify the major clinical and functional consequences of potentially inappropriate medication during two years of following.MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a longitudinal, descriptive, and observational study that included 400 65-year or ...
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - March 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Alejandra Fern ández Fernando G ómez Carmen-Luc ía Curcio Edison Pineda Juliana Fernandes de Souza Source Type: research

Adverse effects of modeling substances in Cali, Colombia
Conclusions: The care of these patients requires multidisciplinary teams to establish treatment alternatives to improve their quality of life. In addition, the regulation of establishments, as well as the surveillance, inspection, and control of the imports and use of these substances should be warranted.PMID:33761195 | DOI:10.7705/biomedica.5707 (Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud)
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - March 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Claudia Marcela Castro Carlos Alberto R íos Carlos Alejandro L ópez Martha Luc ía Ospina Yamileth Ortiz Source Type: research