Top 20 Death & Dying Legal Developments from 2019

There are so many new updates to The Right to Die: The Law of End-of-Life Decisionmaking (Wolters Kluwer 2020). Here are some of them:Idaho’s first reported judicial decision on end-of-life decision making, finding the Idaho advance directive statute constitutional as it applies to pregnant women. An appellate ruling in California upholding most of the interdisciplinary team approach to medical decision making for unbefriended patients in long-term care facilities.  Promulgation of federal regulations that expand and protect statutory conscience rights in health care, including with respect to advance directives and medical aid in dying. Enactment of the Maine Death with Dignity Act and the New Jersey Medical Aid in Dying for the Terminally Ill Act, bringing the number of U.S. MAID jurisdictions to ten. Expansion of the Oregon Death with Dignity Act to waive the 15-day waiting period for patients expected to die sooner than that.  Enhanced criminal penalties for assisted suicide in two states. The first enactment of a dementia-specific power of attorney for health care decisions that includes an end-of-life decisions addendum statement of desires permitting refusal of “food and water” by mouth.  Expanded access to and/or rights under advance directives in five states. Enactment of the another Supported Decision Making Act, as an alternative to guardianship and surrogate decisionmaking. Three additional Simon’s Laws requiring notific...
Source: blog.bioethics.net - Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Tags: Health Care syndicated Source Type: blogs

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ConclusionRRA must be initiated within 58 days after surgery in patients with high-risk DTCs. Under this approach, risk of SIR and associated mortality risk may be reduced. RRA timing for women in reproductive ages with low/intermediate risk groups may be planned according to their pregnancy/breastfeeding intent. For other low/intermediate risk groups, they can safely proceed according to the capacity of the medical facility and related logistical considerations.ResumenIntroducciónEs difícil adoptar un enfoque científico basado en la evidencia con respecto al intervalo de aplicación de la ablaci...
Source: Revista Espanola de Medicina Nuclear e Imagen Molecular - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 October 2019Source: NeuroscienceAuthor(s): Vanêssa Gomes Fraga, Carolina Antunes Magalhães, Cristina de Mello Gomide Loures, Leonardo Cruz de Souza, Henrique Cerqueira Guimarães, Danielle Alves Gomes Zauli, Maria das Graças Carvalho, Cláudia Nathália Ferreira, Paulo Caramelli, Lirlândia Pires de Sousa, Karina Braga GomesAbstractChronic inflammation contributes to neuronal death in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD). Here we evaluated inflammatory and pro-resolving mediators in AD and behavioural variant of FTD...
Source: Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
ConclusionsSerum activins and follistatin were significantly altered with EP and activin-AB could be a promising marker for the diagnosis of EP.
Source: Clinica Chimica Acta - Category: Laboratory Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusion
Source: blog.bioethics.net - Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Tags: Health Care syndicated Source Type: blogs
This study found that professional chess players had shorter lifespans than those players who had careers outside of chess and argued that this might be due to the mental strain of international chess competition. In the present study, we focused on survival of International Chess Grandmasters (GMs) which represent players, of whom most are professional, at the highest level. In 2010, the overall life expectancy of GMs at the age of 30 years was 53.6 years, which is significantly greater than the overall weighted mean life expectancy of 45.9 years for the general population. In all three regions examined, mean life...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Conclusion: Patients with LEP had significant differences and disparities in end-of-life decision-making. Interventions to facilitate informed decision-making for those with LEP is a crucial component of care for this group. THU 1:30 pm:  “But She’ll Die if You Don’t!”: Understanding and Communicating Risks at the End of Life (Janet Malek) Clinicians sometimes decline to offer interventions even if their refusal will result in an earlier death for their patients. For example, a nephrologist may decide against initiating hemodialysis despite a patient’s rising creatinine levels if dea...
Source: blog.bioethics.net - Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Tags: Health Care syndicated Source Type: blogs
This study is the first to show that downregulation of PAPP-A expression in adult mice can significantly extend life span. Importantly, this beneficial longevity phenotype is distinct from the dwarfism of long-lived PAPP-A KO, Ames dwarf, Snell dwarf and growth hormone receptor (GHR) KO mice with germ-line mutations. Thus, downregulation of PAPP-A expression joins other treatment regimens, such as resveratrol, rapamycin and dietary restriction, which can extend life span when started in mice as adults. In a recent study, inducible knockdown of the GHR in young adult female mice increased maximal, but not median, lif...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
This study analyzed data on U.S. immigrants in the 2010–2014 National Health Interview Surveys and examined the association between length of U.S. residence and cardiometabolic risk factors.     Read more   Violence ...
Source: Johns Hopkins University and Health Systems Archive - Category: Nursing Source Type: news
How much do you know about DNA? National DNA Day is celebrated on 25 April, to recognize the anniversary of the successful completion of the Human Genome Project in 2003 and the discovery of DNA’s double helix in 1953. The goal of this special day is to offer students, teachers, and the public an opportunity to learn about the latest advances in genomic research, and how those advances might impact all of our lives. Take our quiz to see how much you know! Microbiome and the modern environment Journal of Physiological Anthropology published a series looking at the effects of the modern environment on the microbiome, a...
Source: BioMed Central Blog - Category: Journals (General) Authors: Tags: Biology Health Medicine blogs digest Source Type: blogs
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