Prosodic control in imitative speech of preschool-age children with cochlear implants.
This study aimed to (a) to investigate the acoustic characteristics of speech in preschool-age children with cochlear implants (CIs) compared to those in age-matched children with normal hearing (NH), (b) to identify which acoustic measures could differentiate children with CIs from children with NH, (c) to explore the relationships between child variables and the perceptually judged ability to control prosody in the CI group, and (d) to examine predictors of perceptually judged ability in children with CIs to control prosody. Study participants included 30 children with CIs (3-5.9 years old) and 30 age-matched children with NH. Children were asked to imitate 20 utterances, which were syntactically matched 10 statements and 10 questions. Fundamental frequency, intensity, and duration measures were obtained from the final word of each utterance. Ten adults rated the prosodic-contour appropriateness of the children with CIs using a 5-point scale. Children with CIs tended to produce less distinctive declarative and interrogative utterances compared to children with NH. The mean F0 significantly differentiated children with CIs from their NH peers. In children with CIs, perceptual ratings of prosodic-contour appropriateness were significantly correlated with age, duration of implant use, and percentage of consonants corrects. Duration of implant use was a significant factor predicting the ability to control prosody in children with CIs. These findings suggested that preschoo...
Publication date: Available online 16 November 2019Source: Journal of Health EconomicsAuthor(s): Dimitris Christelis, Dimitris Georgarakos, Anna Sanz-de-GaldeanoAbstractEconomic theory predicts that a reduction in background risk should induce financial risk-taking, particularly for individuals with low stock market participation costs. Hence, health insurance coverage could affect financial risk-taking by offsetting health-related background risk. We use a regression discontinuity design to examine whether Medicare eligibility at age 65 increases stockholding in the US and find that it does so for those with college educa...
In this study, serum IL6 was measured by ELISA, and the HSD11B1rs12086634(T/G) polymorphism was analyzed using a TaqMan allelic discrimination assay technique. There were statistically significant differences between the two studied groups concerning the serum IL-6 level and HSD11B1rs12086634(T/G) genotype distribution, with increased serum IL6 and increased frequencies of the GG and TG genotypes in patients with PCO. The GG genotype of HSD11B1 rs12086634(T/G) and its associated high level of serum IL-6 may represent genetic risk factors for PCOS.
Publication date: Available online 17 November 2019Source: European UrologyAuthor(s): Tom Marcelissen, Kevin Rademakers
Publication date: Available online 17 November 2019Source: European UrologyAuthor(s): Zhengzheng Xu, Guangzhe Ge, Bao Guan, Zhentao Lei, Xueyu Hao, Yuanyuan Zhou, Yue Shi, Huan Lu, Jilu Wang, Ding Peng, XiKang Wu, Huiying He, Bao Zhang, Xuesong Li, Liqun Zhou, Weimin Ci
Publication date: Available online 16 November 2019Source: European UrologyAuthor(s): Pirus Ghadjar, Thomas Wiegel
Publication date: Available online 16 November 2019Source: European UrologyAuthor(s): Elise De Bleser, Piet Ost
ConclusionThe CFQL-2 is a brief, reliable scale that effectively measures psychosocial aspects of QoL and is sensitive to changes in QoL in families of children with ASD or related neurodevelopmental disorders. Child externalizing behavior is strongly associated with reductions in multiple aspects of child and family psychosocial QoL.
ConclusionThis meta-analysis suggested a significant association between MTHFR gene polymorphism (C677T and A1298C) and ASD risk.
ConclusionGiven that obtaining negative margins is important in reducing the risk of recurrence, the method of surgical resection utilized is based on the amount of future functional residual hepatic parenchyma.
ConclusionsTattooing of axillary LNs is safe and easily performed. Tattooing was helpful in identifying the marked LN in the majority of cases. This technique helps to ensure that metastatic LNs are identified and removed at surgery after NAT.