Primary Health Care-Sensitive Hospitalizations in children under one year of age, from 2008 to 2014, in the State of São Paulo, Brazil

Resumo Este estudo teve o objetivo de descrever as causas e as tend ências de Internações por Condições Sensíveis à Atenção Primária (ICSAP) em menores de um ano, entre 2008 e 2014, no estado de São Paulo, Brasil. Trata-se de um delineamento ecológico, baseado em dados secundários do Sistema de Informações Hospitalares. Classificaram-se as internaçõ es segundo o diagnóstico principal e a Lista Brasileira de ICSAP, considerando as seguintes faixas etárias: Neonatais precoce, Neonatal tardia e Pós-neonatal. Para a análise de tendência das internações foram ajustados modelos de regressão linear. Ocorreram 851.713 internações de Menores d e um ano, sendo 22,6% por ICSAP. As principais reduções das frequências de internação foram: Pneumonias bacterianas (-7,10%) e Desvios nutricionais (-7,70) em Neonatal precoce. As elevações foram: Doenças relacionadas ao pré-natal e parto (+10,14%) e Doenças imunizáveis e condições evit áveis em Pós-neonatal (+14,13%), com destaque para coqueluche e sífilis congênita. Os resultados mostram uma deficiência no cuidado à saúde infantil na atenção primária no estado de São Paulo, enquanto que as tend&eci...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

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Abstract Given that the C580Y polymorphism in the Plasmodium falciparum propeller domain of the kelch 13 gene (pfk13) was documented in Guyana, monitoring for mutations associated with antimalarial resistance was undertaken in neighboring Roraima state in Brazil. Polymorphisms in the pfmdr1 and pfk13 genes were investigated in 275 P. falciparum samples. No pfk13 mutations were observed. Triple mutants 184F, 1042D, and 1246Y were observed in 100% of the samples successfully sequenced for the pfmdr1 gene, with 20.1% of these having an additional mutation at codon 1034C. Among them, 2.5% of samples harbored two copie...
Source: The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Tags: Am J Trop Med Hyg Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 December 2019Source: Trends in Food Science &TechnologyAuthor(s): Elisangela Aparecida Nazario Franco, Ana Sanches-Silva, Regiane Ribeiro-Santos, Nathália Ramos de MeloAbstractBackgroundFiber intake has been associated with a lower risk of developing various chronic diseases such as metabolic diseases (e.g. obesity, diabetes, dyslipidemia). In this line, psyllium presents a high content of soluble fiber, associated with health benefits.Scope and approachThe aim of this review is to evaluate the scientific evidence of psyllium health benefits. The nutritional properties of ps...
Source: Trends in Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
This study provides a comprehensive summary on efficiency of newer technologies to conventional heating which could be helpful for industries as well as researchers to select the best applicable treatment for food product.Graphical abstractThe most studied novel processing technologies to control Listeria monocytogenes in foods.
Source: Trends in Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
This study aimed to develop comprehensive quantification methods for major nutritive and antinutritive phytochemical aglycones in edible African nightshade leaves, an underutilized food resource in the sub-Saharan area. A simultaneous hydrolysis and extraction method was developed using methanol with 2 M sulfuric acid with incubation at 65 ℃ for 60 min. UHPLC–QqQ–MS/MS methods were developed and validated for hydrolysis optimization and for quantification of eight major aglycones of polyphenols, alkaloids and sapogenins in twenty differently sourced nightshade leaves, comprising two African species Solanum sc...
Source: Food Chemistry - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: 25 April 2020Source: Food Chemistry, Volume 310Author(s): Márcio Carocho, Patricia Morales, María Ciudad-Mulero, Virginia Fernández-Ruiz, Elisabete Ferreira, Sandrina Heleno, Paula Rodrigues, Lillian Barros, Isabel C.F.R. FerreiraAbstractIn this work, the chemical and physical profile of 5 different bread types (Multicereal bread, Bavaria wheat bread, Wholemeal bread, Rye and Oat bread) were analysed in depth, namely the nutritional profile, individual fatty acids and soluble sugars through GC-FID and HPLC-RI, respectively, as well as the mineral profile, including micro and macroelem...
Source: Food Chemistry - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, e-First Articles. Prolonged sitting impairs leg endothelial function and this impairment is thought to be mediated by a sustained reduction in blood flow-induced shear stress. However, whether nutritional strategies can be used to prevent sitting-induced leg endothelial dysfunction remains unknown. Herein, we tested the hypothesis that 8 weeks of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplementation would prevent endothelial dysfunction associated with sitting. Nineteen healthy men were randomly assigned to a placebo group or EPA+DHA group in a double-blin...
Source: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism - Category: Physiology Authors: Source Type: research
This study, therefore, aimed to establish the effect of high-salt diet (SD) on uric acid (UA) production and the role of S. maydis in salt-induced phenotypes. Four groups of randomly selected rats (n = 5) were fed with normal rat feed, corn silk extract (500 mg/kg), SD (8%) and corn silk extract plus high-salt feed. After 6 weeks of the experimental procedure, each animal was anesthetized by exposure to chloroform vapor and blood samples collected by cardiac puncture. Data were expressed in means ± SEM and p values
Source: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism - Category: Physiology Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn patients with a fluid collection in the pleural space, the addition of positive pressure to mobilisation and respiratory techniques decreased the duration of thoracic drainage, length of hospital stay, pulmonary complications, antibiotic use and treatment costs.RegistrationClinicalTrials.gov NCT02246946.
Source: Journal of Physiotherapy - Category: Physiotherapy Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 December 2019Source: Sensors and Actuators B: ChemicalAuthor(s): Ava Gevaerd, Craig E. Banks, Márcio F. Bergamini, Luiz H. Marcolino-JuniorAbstractThe present work describes a facile synthesis of a nanocomposite based on gold nanoparticles (NPAu) and graphene quantum dots (GQD) and its use as an electrode modifier for a non-biological alternative of Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) voltammetric determination. TEM and SEM techniques showed a uniform and well-distributed dispersion of gold nanoparticles (19 ± 6 nm of average size) and GQD, which was used as a reducin...
Source: Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
LITFL • Life in the Fast Lane Medical Blog LITFL • Life in the Fast Lane Medical Blog - Emergency medicine and critical care medical education blog aka Tropical Travel Trouble 009 The diagnosis of HIV is no longer fatal and the term AIDS is becoming less frequent. In many countries, people with HIV are living longer than those with diabetes. This post will hopefully teach the basics of a complex disease and demystify some of the potential diseases you need to consider in those who are severely immunosuppressed. While trying to be comprehensive this post can not be exhaustive (as you can imagine any patient with ...
Source: Life in the Fast Lane - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Clinical Cases Tropical Medicine AIDS art cryptococcoma cryptococcus HIV HIV1 HIV2 PEP PrEP TB toxoplasma tuberculoma Source Type: blogs
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