Taquete SR, Borges L. Pesquisa qualitativa para todos. Petrópolis: Vozes; 2020.
This study assesses the effect of More Doctors Program (Programa Mais M édicos - PMM) on the equality in the distribution of primary care physicians (PCPs) in Brazil. Spatial data analysis, Lorenz curve and Gini coefficient were used to evaluate the geographic distribution of PCPs before and after the implementation of PMM (2012 and 2016). Data from 5,564 municipalitie s were used in the analyses. The results indicate that the distribution of PCPs has become more equal after PMM implementation. Between 2012 and 2016, overall Gini coefficient decreased by 11% from 0.255 to 0.227. At the state level, a statistically s...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 19, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Effect of More Doctors (Mais Médicos) Program on geographic distribution of primary care physicians
This study assesses the effect of More Doctors Program (Programa Mais M édicos - PMM) on the equality in the distribution of primary care physicians (PCPs) in Brazil. Spatial data analysis, Lorenz curve and Gini coefficient were used to evaluate the geographic distribution of PCPs before and after the implementation of PMM (2012 and 2016). Data from 5,564 municipalitie s were used in the analyses. The results indicate that the distribution of PCPs has become more equal after PMM implementation. Between 2012 and 2016, overall Gini coefficient decreased by 11% from 0.255 to 0.227. At the state level, a statistically s...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 19, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Health care and exposure to pesticides in periurban horticulture: the case of the Green Belt of the City of Cordoba, Argentina
This article aims to analyze health care and exposure to pesticides within the context of productive and reproductive practices or the everyday life of horticulturists in the Green Belt of the City of Cordoba (GBCC), Argentina, from the individual, particular and general domains as the comprehensive framework of health determining processes. An explanatory analytical study was implemented which included the use of mixed methodologies between 2013 and 2017. A triangulation analysis was carried out of the results of the quantitative and qualitative aspects. It was observed that the dominant agricultural productive model has ...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 19, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

News coverage on suicides published in Brazilian news media channels
This study analyzed how news coverage about suicides is published in the Brazilian electronic media and evaluated if the recommendations of the World Health Organization (WHO) were complied with in the online media. This quantitative, documentary and retrospective study investigated 89 published news items about suicide in 2017 in the Brazilian newspaper sites with the largest circulation. Descriptive statistics and tests of association were used for data analysis. The majority of news items contained neither content to be avoided nor aspects recommended by the WHO. The most frequent characteristics of the reported cases d...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 19, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Prevalence and factors associated with polypharmacy among the elderly treated in Primary Healthcare in Belo Horizonte, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil
Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é analisar a prevalência de polifarmácia e de polifarmácia excessiva, bem como seus fatores associados, entre idosos atendidos em duas Unidades Básicas de Saúde de Belo Horizonte-MG. Foi conduzido um estudo observacional transversal, realizado por meio de informações resultantes de uma entre vista estruturada ao paciente. Foram analisadas as associações individuais de cada variável explicativa com a polifarmácia e polifarmácia excessiva. Para as variáveis que apresentaram associação ...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 19, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Association between costs per family health team and size of basic health unit in a capital of southern Brazil
Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é verificar a existência de associação entre o número de equipes de saúde da família em unidades de atenção primária (porte) e os custos por equipe individualmente. 46 unidades básicas de saúde foram incluídas na amostra para verificar associação por meio de regressão linear múltipl a entre custos por equipe (variável dependente) e quantidade de equipes por unidade, controlado pelos atendimentos produzidos (variáveis independentes). Os dados utilizados foram deri...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 19, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Social representations of suicide for adolescents of a Public School in the city of Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil
This study seeks to understand the social representations (SR) of suicide among high school adolescents of a public school in Curitiba, such as the media influences on the construction of these SR. The research was performed using the qualitative method and structured around the tenets of Social Representation Theory. A total of 18 adolescents of both genders participated in the study, and data collection was conducted through the formation of focus groups. The material transcribed was analyzed by the Descending Hierarchical Classification method with the aid of the IRaMuTeQ program. It was possible to establish that the S...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 19, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Financing and management: the technical efficiency in public health expenditures of small-scale municipalities in the state of Santa Catarina
Resumo Em um contexto de restri ção orçamentária e de medidas de austeridade fiscal, discutir aspectos relacionados à gestão eficiente dos recursos públicos é um desafio. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a eficiência técnica de municípios catarinenses nos gastos públicos com saúde e sua relação com as condições para a gestão em saúde nos anos de 2009 e 2015. Para medir a eficiência, optou-se pela Análise Envoltória de Dados. O Índice G foi empregado para analisar ...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 19, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Food and nutrition insecurity among families with children under five years of age in the Metropolitan Region of João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil
Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é avaliar a insegurança alimentar e nutricional de famílias com crianças menores de cinco anos residentes em municípios da Região Metropolitana de João Pessoa; sua associação com características biológicas; da situação de saúde das crianças e do contexto socioeconômico familiar. Estu do transversal com famílias atendidas na Estratégia Saúde da Família. A segurança alimentar e nutricional foi avaliada pela Escala Brasileira de Insegurança Alim...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 19, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Spatial and temporal patterns of mortality among motorcyclists in a State of the Brazilian Northeast in the 21st century
Resumo Este trabalho objetivou analisar a tend ência e a distribuição espacial da mortalidade de motociclistas em acidentes de transporte no estado de Alagoas. Trata-se de um estudo ecológico referente a todos os óbitos decorrentes de acidentes motociclísticos no estado no período 2001-2015. Os dados de mortalidade foram obtidos do Sistem a de Informações sobre Mortalidade (SIM). As taxas de mortalidade foram calculadas e estratificadas por sexo. Para a análise de tendência, foi empregado o modelo de regressão por pontos de inflexão. C...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 19, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Household food insecurity, dental caries and oral-health-related quality of life in Brazilian Indigenous adults
Abstract Food insecurity is a complex phenomenon that affects the health and wellbeing of vulnerable families. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between household food insecurity, dental caries, oral health-related quality of life, and social determinants of health among Indigenous adults. A cross-sectional study was conducted among Kaingang adults aged 35-44 years old from the Guarita Indigenous Land, Brazil. Food insecurity was assessed through the EBIA scale. Dental caries was assessed using the DMFT index. Participants answered the OHIP-14 questionnaire and a structured interview. Descriptive an...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 19, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Ultraprocessed food consumption and factors associated with a sample of public school bases in the South of Brazil
This study aims to evaluate the consumption of ultraprocessed foods and its association with sociodemographic, behavioral and nutritional factors in schoolchildren from public schools in Caxias do Sul-RS. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 1,309 students aged 6-16 years. The consumption of ultraprocessed foods was obtained by means of a questionnaire according to the self-report of the student. A pre-tested questionnaire was used to evaluate the characteristics of the students. A Poisson regression analysis was performed following a statistical hierarchical modeling to determine factors associated with outcome. Res...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 19, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Quality of working life from the perspective of different groups of professionals working in a maternity hospital
Resumo A rela ção do homem com o trabalho pode impactar diretamente em sua qualidade de vida e condição de saúde. O objetivo deste artigo é comparar as condições de Qualidade de Vida no Trabalho (QVT) de três diferentes áreas de atuação profissional. Estudo transversal com amostra aleatória de 172 tr abalhadores de um hospital (37,9±10,3 anos; 73,8% mulheres). Os participantes responderam ao inventário de avaliação de qualidade de vida no trabalho (IA_QVT). A Anova e o teste de Tukey foram utilizados para a...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 19, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The impact of COVID-19 pandemic in the quality of sleep by Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index: A systematic review
This article aims to evaluate the sleep quality in individuals during the COVID-19 pandemic by Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). Searches were conducted in the PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and PEDro databases, on May 22, 2020. In the publications, 208 articles were found and, considering the eligibility criteria, 10 articles were included at the end, showing the effects on sleep quality during the pandemic, in populations hospitalized, quarantined, and in frontline health professionals. The PSQI measured sleep disorders and a higher score indicated poor sleep quality. Nine articles were classified with evidence lev...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 19, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Covid-19 in the Northeast of Brazil: from lockdown to the relaxation of social distancing measures
Resumo Mesmo no per íodo em que a pandemia de Covid-19 encontrava-se em crescimento no Nordeste do Brasil, iniciou-se a adoção de medidas de flexibilização do distanciamento social. O objetivo do estudo é o de avaliar a pertinência das propostas de flexibilização, tomando-se em conta a situação da pandemia e m cada local e o momento em que foram adotadas. Tendo como referência as diretrizes da OMS, foram construídos e analisados indicadores operacionais para cada diretriz, no contexto da região Nordeste. Para análise do c...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 19, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Standardizing eating habits: a critical analysis of Brazilian and Spanish food norms in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic
Resumo Em resposta aos impactos sanit ário, social, econômico e político causados pela pandemia de COVID-19, diversos países assumiram o isolamento físico como medida preventiva. A preocupação com a alimentação “ saud ável ” acentuou-se neste contexto e guias alimentares foram elaborados como uma estrat égia de orientação sobre alimentação. Este artigo tem como objetivo realizar uma análise crítica e comparativa de quatro guias alimentares publicados no Brasil e na Espanha neste período, ...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 19, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Performance Appraisal of Select Nations in Mitigation of COVID-19 Pandemic using Entropy based TOPSIS Method
Abstract The present study was an effort to assess the mitigation interventions carried out, so far, by the nations to fight the pandemic COVID-19. The novelty of the study was that it had considered the issue of pandemic mitigation strategy as a decision making problem. The performances of the twenty nations were to be ranked. The problem considered in the study was essentially a Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) problem. The available alternatives were the 20 countries and the 8 traits were the criteria. The Technique of Order Preference Similarity to the Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) was used in the present study. The s...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 19, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Hospital contingency in coping with COVID-19 in Brazil: governmental problems and alternatives
Resumo Este artigo analisa a agenda governamental estrat égica para enfrentamento da COVID-19 no Brasil, com foco na atenção hospitalar. Foram analisados 28 Planos de Contingência na íntegra, sendo 01 nacional, 26 estaduais e 01 do Distrito Federal. Utilizou-se o referencial teórico do Ciclo da Política Pública, especificamente os momentos de pré -decisão e decisão governamental para o enfrentamento da pandemia. As evidências revelaram convergências entre os níveis nacional e estaduais quanto às propostas de reorienta&cced...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 19, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The relevance of Public Health Journals in informing research, education, health services, and citizenship
The objective is to inform the Public Health professional field about chronic problems affecting scientific periodicals in Brazil – financing, classification of journals, the impact of published works, among others. (Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva)
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 19, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Biological disasters and their relation to public health: an analysis of articles published in the State of Paraná, Brazil
This study emphasizes the relationship between biological disasters and public health through the systematization of the articles produced by institutions of the State of Paran á in the last few decades. These were selected using key words defined in Codar and Cobrade in the Journal Portals of the Capes, Web of Science, Scopus, PubMed, Redulac, Spell, SciELO, Medline and Bireme databases. As a result, 318 articles were located from 1970 onwards, with a peak in 2012. Withi n the areas of knowledge published on the subject, 29% of the articles are linked to health sciences, followed by 28% related to agrarian sciences...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 19, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Factors associated with the nutritional status of iodine in the maternal-infant group: a systematic review
This article sets out to identify the socio-demographic and nutritional factors associated with the nutritional status of iodine in the maternal-infant group. The review was based on the Prisma method and the Medline (PubMed), Scopus and Lilacs databases were consulted. The search was conducted in December 2018, using the key words nutritional status, iodine, infant, pregnant and lactating. The selection followed the stages of excluding duplicated articles, reading the titles, abstracts and texts in full. A total of 1,500 studies were identified and 26 met the inclusion criteria. The methodological quality of the studies w...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 19, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Impacts of sexual abuse in childhood and adolescence: an integrative review
This article identifies the impacts of sexual abuse in childhood and adolescence. We conducted an integrative literature review in September 2018 using the Virtual Health Library. A search was conducted using the following descriptors: Sexual Abuse of Children and Adolescents and Sexual Abuse or Child Development. The inclusion criteria were open access full-text original articles published between 2013 and September 2018 in Portuguese, English or Spanish. Sixteen eligible articles were selected after reading the titles and abstracts. The full texts of these articles were read and organized into a table. The studies show t...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 19, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Popular education, health promotion and active aging: an integrative literature review
The objective of this study was to identify education and health promotion actions aimed at promoting active aging. An integrative literature review was conducted of relevant articles written in Portuguese, English and Spanish published between 2005 and August 2018 using the following electronic databases and virtual libraries: Lilacs, MEDLINE, SciELO, and BVS. The initial search resulted in 2,069 articles, of which 33 met the inclusion criteria. The analysis showed that the actions identified by the review promoted the adoption of healthy habits and participation of older people, characterizing them as actions that promot...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 19, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Effects of HAART in the nutritional status of children and adolescents infected by HIV in Brazil: a systematic review
Abstract The verification of factors associated with growth, body composition and nutritional and nutritional aspects after HIV infection in children or adolescents in Brazil is fundamental for progress in this area. We selected articles published until 2018, available on the platforms PubMed and Lilacs, using the keywords The following descriptors and their associations were used, extracted from MeSH: “ Children ” , “ Adolescent ” , “ Anthropometry ” , “ Nutritional Assessment ” , “ HIV ” , “ Brazil ” adding the filter “ and ” for advanced...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 19, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

An integral approach of ecological sanitation in traditional and rural communities
This article presents an integral approach to work in community projects, based on Guattari ’ s three ecologies and its dialogue with psychosocial theorists, since it involves the need to combine technological interventions with social approaches. These contributions are explored to point out the need for dialogue in the implementation of sanitation actions, mainly in the rural area and in traditional communities, involving the individual, the groups served and their territorial culture. The approach presented was implemented in a joint action with the Cai çara Community of Praia do Sono and the Forum of Tradi...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 19, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Connectedness to nature and its association with food choice motives among primary health care professionals
Resumo A conex ão com a natureza pode favorecer o bem-estar e a adoção de práticas alimentares sustentáveis. Profissionais de saúde seriam agentes fundamentais nesta interface, promovendo a saúde ambiental. Estudo transversal com 146 profissionais da atenção primária avaliou a associação entre conexão com a natureza e os motivos para escolhas alimentares consideradas importantes à saúde humana e ambiental. Aplicou-se Escala de Conexão com a Natureza (ECN), contendo 14 itens que medem o quanto a pessoa se sente in...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 19, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Determinants of satisfaction with the care provided by Basic Health Units (BHU)
Resumo Este trabalho analisa os determinantes da satisfa ção no atendimento das Unidades Básicas de Saúde (UBS). Os dados foram extraídos dos microdados de avaliação externa do Programa Nacional de Melhoria do Acesso e da Qualidade da Atenção Básica (PMAQ), do ano de 2013. Os resultados mostraram que indivíduos em melhor condição financeira t endem a ficar menos satisfeitos com o atendimento na UBS. Além disso, avaliando variáveis como tempo de espera para a consulta, o respeito ao paciente e a garantia de privacidade, ...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 19, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Underreporting of AIDS deaths in Brazil: linkage of hospital records with death certificate data
In conclusion, this study demonstrated that, through linkage in between SIH and SIM, it is possible to find underreporting of AIDS deaths in Brazil. These results serve as a warning for the need for actions that would promote a better certification of the causes of death among AIDS patients. (Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva)
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 19, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The effect of municipalization in the Brazilian hospital system: the small-sized hospitals
This study evaluated the National Policy for Small-sized Hospitals (PNHPP) published in 2004, and its impact on the Brazilian hospital sector. Twelve of the 27 states adhered to the PNHPP. In the absence of policies to induce the establishment of a networked hospital system, favoring comprehensive actions, the municipalization pulverized hospital care. Municipal managers believed that this was the best path to meet health needs. The number of municipal hospital units increased and their size was reduced, reaching a mean capacity of 50 beds per hospital. The reversal of this scenario involves policies that induce the qualif...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 19, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

General hospitals: inclusion in the healthcare networks, and factors that determine their performance
Resumo Este estudo objetivou analisar a inser ção dos hospitais gerais nas Redes de Atenção à Saúde e os fatores condicionantes de seu modo de participação nas mesmas. Realizou-se um “ scoping review ” , com a sele ção de 14 artigos publicados de janeiro de 2011 a junho de 2018. Com o mapeamento dos resultados constituiu-se as categorias de análise: Hospital, regionalização e economia de escala, Fragilidade de organização da rede e hospitais como primeira escolha, e Hospital e evidências de (des)integr...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 19, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Do family doctors refer less? Impact of FCM training on the rate of PHC referrals
Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é medir o impacto da formação em medicina de família e comunidade no percentual de encaminhamentos a partir da atenção primária. Estudo transversal descritivo de 375.645 consultas e 34.776 encaminhamentos realizadas por 123 médicos da atenção primária no ano de 2016 relacionando o percent ual de encaminhamentos com características dos médicos (sexo, idade, formação em MFC), dos pacientes (sexo e idade) e do serviço (população pelo IBGE e população ativa)....
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 19, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Infant mortality and gender in Brazil: an investigation using updated statistics
Resumo Diversos estudos indicam que a mortalidade para crian ças do sexo masculino é maior do que a do feminino no Brasil. Estudos recentes também têm mostrado uma redução na sobremortalidade infantil masculina nos últimos anos. Entretanto, pouco se sabe sobre quais fatores estão associados a esse fenômeno. Como os bebês do sexo masculino são, em g eral, mais frágeis, uma hipótese é de que melhorias no nível de renda e cuidados com a saúde pré e pós-natal tenham um impacto maior na reduçã...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 19, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Adverse drug reaction notification forms of the pharmacovigilance systems in Brazil and twelve other Latin-American countries: a comparative analysis
Resumo Avaliou-se os formul ários de notificação de suspeitas de reações adversas a medicamentos (RAM) do sistema de farmacovigilância do Brasil e outros doze países latino-americanos. O estudo foi composto por três etapas. Na primeira, os formulários foram pontuados em relação à presença de itens essenciais para compor uma notificação de RAM. Na segunda, as variáveis dos formulários foram quantificadas e classificadas, quanto à razoabilidade em contribuírem para a avaliação de ca...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 19, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Consumption of fruits and the association with ultra-processed food intake in Brazil in 2008-2009
Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi descrever o consumo de frutas no Brasil e a associa ção com a ingestão de alimentos ultraprocessados (UP) em amostra representativa de 32.900 brasileiros da Pesquisa de Orçamentos Familiares 2008-2009. A associação entre a participação calórica (% energia) das frutas na dieta e quintos de consumo de UP foi analisada por meio de regressão li near. Frutas representaram 5% das calorias, sendo cerca de metade (2,4%) como suco. Homens apresentaram consumo inferior ao das mulheres e houve maior consumo com aumento da idade, r...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 19, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Prevalence of high risk for cardiovascular disease among the Brazilian adult population, according to different risk calculators: a comparative study
This study compares the proportion of the Brazilian adult population classified as being at high risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) based on six different CVD risk calculators in order to assess the agreement across different tools. A cross-sectional study was conducted using laboratory data from the National Health Survey (NHS). The prevalence rates of high 10-year risk of CVD among individuals aged between 45 and 64 years were as follows: Brazilian Society of Cardiology (BSC) global risk score (GRS) – 38.1%; American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) score – 44.1%; Framingham Heart ...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 19, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Differences between self-reported and laboratory measures of diabetes, chronic kidney disease, and hypercholesterolemia
Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é comparar as prevalências autorreferidas e medidas por exames laboratoriais, assim como a ocorrência de valores de falsos positivos e negativos, para diabetes, doença renal crônica e hipercolesterolemia. Foram utilizadas informações da entrevista e exames laboratoriais da Pesquisa Nacional d e Saúde (2013, 2014-2015). Foram calculadas a sensibilidade e a especificidade, segundo sexo, idade, escolaridade, ter plano de saúde e tempo desde a última consulta médica. Por meio de regressão logística, foram anal...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 19, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Monitoring and projection of targets for risk and protection factors for coping with noncommunicable diseases in Brazilian capitals
This study aimed to monitor the trends and projections of targets of risk and protection factors for coping with noncommunicable diseases in Brazilian capitals and verify whether the economic crisis and austerity policies have interfered with these targets ’ behavior. This is a time-series study with data from the Surveillance System for Risk and Protective Factors for Chronic Diseases by Telephone Survey. We analyzed the trends in the prevalence of tobacco use, obesity, physical activity, consumption of fruits and vegetables, and alcohol abuse, and their projections until 2025. The Prais-Winsten regression was emplo...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 19, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

National Health Survey, laboratory analyses and monitoring of Noncommunicable Diseases reduction targets
(Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva)
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - April 19, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Response to the article: Insufficient physical activity levels and high screen time among adolescents: the impact of associated factors
The objective of this article is to analyze the spatial distribution of Hepatitis B vaccine (HBVAC) of pregnant women. This is a cross-sectional study carried with 266 puerperae. The HBVAC record was obtained through the prenatal care booklet. The spatial scanning technique was used to detect a cluster of risk for the presence or absence of an HBVAC record. After this cluster identification, the individual and environmental variables were compared between the Coverage Areas of Basic Health Units (CAs-BHUs). The mean prevalence of non-HBVAC was 88.34%. Scan spatial scan analysis observed a cluster of a high prevalence of pu...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - March 12, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Capellano T, Carramenha B. Work and psychic suffering: Stories that tell this story. São Paulo: Atarukas Editora Ltda; 2019.
The objective of this article is to analyze the spatial distribution of Hepatitis B vaccine (HBVAC) of pregnant women. This is a cross-sectional study carried with 266 puerperae. The HBVAC record was obtained through the prenatal care booklet. The spatial scanning technique was used to detect a cluster of risk for the presence or absence of an HBVAC record. After this cluster identification, the individual and environmental variables were compared between the Coverage Areas of Basic Health Units (CAs-BHUs). The mean prevalence of non-HBVAC was 88.34%. Scan spatial scan analysis observed a cluster of a high prevalence of pu...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - March 12, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Spatial analysis of vaccination against Hepatitis B in pregnant women in an urban Brazilian area
The objective of this article is to analyze the spatial distribution of Hepatitis B vaccine (HBVAC) of pregnant women. This is a cross-sectional study carried with 266 puerperae. The HBVAC record was obtained through the prenatal care booklet. The spatial scanning technique was used to detect a cluster of risk for the presence or absence of an HBVAC record. After this cluster identification, the individual and environmental variables were compared between the Coverage Areas of Basic Health Units (CAs-BHUs). The mean prevalence of non-HBVAC was 88.34%. Scan spatial scan analysis observed a cluster of a high prevalence of pu...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - March 12, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The production of care in psychosocial care services: home visits as an intervention technology to be used in the territory
Resumo A visita domiciliar na aten ção à saúde mental constitui tecnologia de abordagem ao sujeito em sofrimento psíquico e à sua família. Pretende-se analisar os saberes e as práticas dos profissionais relacionadas à visita domiciliar, tomando como referencial analítico as dimensões da Reforma Psiquiátrica: teórico-conc eitual, tecnoassistencial, jurídico-política e sociocultural. Trata-se de um estudo de caso com abordagem qualitativa, realizado num Centro de Atenção Psicossocial (CAPS) de Fortaleza, Cea...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - March 12, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Provision of information on the amount of sugar in processed foods
The objective of this study was to assess the provision of information on the amount of sugar and identify the position of sugar in the list of ingredients of processed foods. A cross-sectional study was conducted to analyze all processed traditional and diet/light/zero food products sold in a hypermarket containing the word sugar or sucrose in the list of ingredients. The food labels were read and the position of sugar on the list of ingredients and presence, or absence, of information on the amount of sugar in the nutrition facts table were recorded. Information on the amount of sugar was also requested from the manufact...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - March 12, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Application of the refinements of ICF linking rules to the Visual Analogue Scale, Roland Morris questionnaire and SF-36
Resumo A Escala Visual Anal ógica (EVA), o Questionário de Incapacidade de Roland Morris (RMDQ) e Questionário de Qualidade de Vida SF-36, amplamente utilizados, tiveram seu conteúdo conectado à CIF por regras propostas em 2002 e 2005. Em 2016 foram refinadas e ainda não foram aplicadas. Aplicar as regras de conexão de conteúdo refinadas para os instrumentos EVA, RMDQ e SF-36. Dois profissionais de saúde identificaram os conceitos significativos e vincularam às categorias mais específicas da CIF, um terceiro arbitrou divergências. O grau de ...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - March 12, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Determining factors in children’s screen time in early childhood
Resumo O uso de m ídias por crianças na primeira infância está cada vez mais habitual, o que torna necessário investigar os fatores determinantes para o tempo de tela, entendido como o tempo total pelo qual a criança permanece exposta a todas as telas, incluindo televisão e mídias interativas. Trata-se de um estudo transversal, descritivo e exploratório, realizado com 180 crianças, entre 24 a 42 meses de idade, alocadas em: Grupo 1, exposição à tela inferior a duas horas/dia; Grupo 2, exposição à tela igual/superi...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - March 12, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Factors associated with educational guidance regarding oral health during prenatal care
Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é verificar os fatores associados à realização de atividades educativas relacionadas à saúde bucal durante o acompanhamento pré-natal na Região Metropolitana da Grande Vitória-ES, Brasil. Estudo transversal com 1.035 puérperas em maternidades públicas ou conveniadas ao SUS, em 2010. Execu tou-se análise descritiva das principais informações educativas e regressão logística binomial associando-se variáveis individuais e contextuais com o desfecho “ recebimento de ativida...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - March 12, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Food consumption according to the level of processing among adolescents from the rural area of a municipality in the south of Brazil
Resumo Objetivo do estudo foi avaliar o consumo alimentar segundo o grau de processamento e a ingest ão de nutrientes entre adolescentes da zona rural de Pelotas-RS. Estudo transversal, tipo censo, com 462 alunos matriculados do 6º ao 9º do ensino fundamental das 21 escolas municipais da zona rural. O consumo alimentar foi avaliado através de R24h, sendo os alimentos classificados em quatro gru pos de acordo com seu processamento, segundo a classificação NOVA. O consumo médio diário de energia foi de 1.921 calorias, sendo 48,2% provenientes de alimentos in natura ou minim...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - March 12, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Socioeconomic inequalities in the prevalence of excess weight and sedentary behavior among Brazilian adolescents
Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi estimar a preval ência de excesso de peso e sedentarismo em escolares brasileiros na faixa etária de 13 a 17 anos, e investigar a magnitude das desigualdades socioeconômicas relacionadas a esses desfechos. Realizou-se um estudo transversal com base nos dados da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde do Escolar (PeNSE) do an o 2015. As desigualdades foram avaliadas por meio dos Índices Absoluto e Relativo de Desigualdade. A prevalência de excesso de peso no Brasil foi 24,2%, variou de 20,7% na região Nordeste a 27,8% na região Sul. Já a preva...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - March 12, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Plasma prevalence of anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor IgG antibodies in early stages of psychosis
Abstract We investigated the feasibility of including plasma anti-NMDAR antibody screening in the assessment of first-episode psychosis patients in an early intervention programme in the Southern hemisphere. Anti-NMDAR IgG antibodies were assessed by ELISA in 166 patients (64.0% men), 166 matched population-based controls and 76 patients ’ siblings (30.3% men). Fisher ’ s exact test and ANOVA were performed. Positive anti-NMDAR antibody patients were more often observed in bipolar disorder (10.0%) than schizophrenia (2.4%) or psychotic depression (3.1%), although no significant differences were observed. Our re...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - March 12, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Knowledge and attitudes of schoolchildren about the prevention of accidents
This study aimed to analyze the knowledge and attitudes of schoolchildren concerning the prevention of accidents and associated factors. This is a cross-sectional and quantitative study conducted in November and December/2017 in Sim ão Dias, Sergipe, Brazil. Ninety-seven schoolchildren aged between 7 and 9 years of age from a sample calculation were evaluated through interviews with representative images. The results showed that little more than half of the children consider the use of personal protective equipment as a way of preventing injuries in case of accidents (58.8%; n=57), and is infrequent among those with...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - March 12, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research