Ianni ÁMZ. Mudanças Sociais Contemporâneas e Saúde: Estudo sobre Teoria Social e Saúde Pública no Brasil. São Paulo: Hucitec Editora; 2018.
This study aimed to determine the prevalence and associated factors with physical activity counseling among Brazilian Family Health Strategy workers. This is a cross-sectional study conducted with a random sample of 591 health workers who work in the Family Health Teams of Jo ão Pessoa-PB, Brazil. Counseling for physical activity was defined as any advising targeted for increasing patients ’ physical activity levels conducted for at least six months. The following factors were considered: time working in health care units, amount of daily attendance, continuing education, perceived barriers, self-efficacy, att...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 25, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Associated factors with physical activity counseling among Brazilian Family Health Strategy workers
This study aimed to determine the prevalence and associated factors with physical activity counseling among Brazilian Family Health Strategy workers. This is a cross-sectional study conducted with a random sample of 591 health workers who work in the Family Health Teams of Jo ão Pessoa-PB, Brazil. Counseling for physical activity was defined as any advising targeted for increasing patients ’ physical activity levels conducted for at least six months. The following factors were considered: time working in health care units, amount of daily attendance, continuing education, perceived barriers, self-efficacy, att...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 25, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The role of parental self-efficacy in the mental health of mothers of children with Congenital Zika Syndrome
Resumo O artigo buscou avaliar o papel mediador da autoefic ácia parental (AEP) entre os fatores socioambientais e a saúde mental das mães de crianças com síndrome da Zika congênita (SZC). Os fatores socioambientais foram operacionalizados a partir da avaliação cognitiva e afetiva que as pessoas fazem do seu contexto (Bem-estar subjetivo, BES) e da f adiga. Participaram deste estudo 69 mães de crianças com SZC, com média de idade de 26,4 anos, residentes no estado do Ceará. Foi aplicado um questionário contendo as seguintes escalas: E...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 25, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Human development index in municipalities with the integrated rural sanitation system: a comparative analysis
This study investigated the human development of eight rural municipalities in the state of Cear á that have the Integrated Rural Sanitation System (SISAR) and 170 that do not. The study was developed based on the Municipal Human Development Indicators (MHDIs), which feature in the Atlas of Human Development, by drawing data from the 1991, 2000 and 2010 Demographic Censuses. The R software was used to carry out the statistical analyses. The results found for the general MHDI showed a significant difference between the means of the two groups, which did not occur when the income, longevity, and education dimensions w...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 25, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Chronic kidney disease among adults in Rio Branco, State of Acre: a population-based survey
Resumo O objetivo do presente estudo foi verificar a preval ência de DRC e os fatores a ela associados em adultos jovens (18-59 anos) de Rio Branco, Acre. Trata-se de um inquérito de base populacional realizado em 2014, nas zonas urbana e rural do município de Rio Branco, Acre. A DRC foi definida pela taxa de filtração glomerular (TFG) 29 mg/g. Medidas de associa ção foram estimadas por regressão logística, com grau de confiança de 95%. A prevalência geral de DRC foi de 6,2%. A presença de DRC foi maior entre as mulheres, naqueles com 40 a 59...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 25, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Use of psychotropic drugs and its association with overburden on family caregivers of psychosocial care center users
Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar a preval ência de uso de psicotrópicos e sua associação com o sentimento de sobrecarga entre familiares cuidadores de usuários de Centros de Atenção Psicossocial. Trata-se de um estudo transversal, conduzido com 537 familiares da 21ª Região de Saúde do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul. A prevalência de uso de psicotrópicos foi calculada com estimativa do intervalo de confiança (IC95%) e foram conduzidos testes de heterogeneidade entre os estratos de cada variável independente. Associa&ccedi...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 25, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Health councils and conferences in Brazil: an integrative review
Resumo O objetivo desse artigo consiste em identificar as correntes de pensamento utilizadas para a produ ção científica sobre conselhos e conferências de saúde, no período de 1990 a 2017. Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa de literatura realizada nas bases SciELO, LILACS e portal de periódicos da CAPES que resultou na seleção de 152 trabalhos. Estes foram analisados segundo ano de publicaçã o, procedência institucional dos autores, veículo de divulgação, objeto e tipo de estudo e abordagem teórica. Identif...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 25, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The role of human milk banks in promoting maternal and infant health: a systematic review
The objective of this study was to undertake a systematic review to identify activities developed by HMBs that demonstrate their role in promoting maternal and infant health. Searches for relevant articles were performed in the following databases: PubMed, Virtual Health Library (BVS), and BVS Breastfeeding linked to the portal of the Brazilian Human Milk Bank Network. Eleven articles were included in the final sample. The main topics covered by the articles were: the characteristics of breast milk donors; the importance of information provided by HMB professionals on maintaining breastfeeding for hospitalized premature in...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 25, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Trend incidence of HIV-AIDS according to different diagnostic criteria in Campinas-SP, Brazil from 1980 to 2016
The objective of this study was to analyze the temporal trend of the incidence coefficients of HIV-AIDS infection via a retrospective ecological study and segmented regression in individuals older than 13 year reported at SINAN between 1980 and 2016. Of the 14,204 reported cases, 70.9% were male and 39.5% were white. The AIDS criterion presented growing incidence from 1986 to 1996 with Annual Percentual Change (APC) of 108.5% per year between 1983 and 1989 (CI: 90.3 - 128.4), between 1989 and 1998 the APC was 13.2% (CI: 8.2 - 18.3) and APC reduction in the period from 1998 to 2016, -6.2% (CI: -7.4 - -4.9). High coefficient...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 25, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

From the psychosocial paradigm to religious morality: ethical issues in mental health
Resumo Na época em que as Comunidades Terapêuticas (CTs) chegaram ao Brasil, a lei sobre drogas era de competência jurídica e se aliava ao proibicionismo. Com a abertura política no final do século XX e o movimento da reforma psiquiátrica, instituiu-se uma política de competência da saúde para usuá rios de drogas. Com isso, abriram-se dois paradigmas antinômicos na gestão pública: o proibicionista e o psicossocial. Atualmente, vemos crescer no cenário brasileiro a discussão sobre o financiamento público das Co...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 25, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Invisible conversations: subjects spoken but unheard in gynecological visits
Resumo Estudo qualitativo baseado nos pressupostos te órico-metodológicos da Análise da Conversa (AC) que descreve e analisa interações face a face entre três enfermeiras e sete usuárias de serviços de atenção primária em saúde, ocorridas durante consultas para coleta do exame citopatológico. As descrições e as análises pautaram-se nos excertos das interações gravadas em áudio durante as consultas de enfermagem e transcritas com base nas convenções da AC. A análise micro d...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 25, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Seven steps for qualitative treatment in health research: the Clinical-Qualitative Content Analysis
Discussion; 7) Validity. The clinical-qualitative analysis presupposes and involves a critical reflection on the processes carried out at each step. This reflection is an extremely rich process, if carried out collectively and in dialogue with other researchers with some proficiency in qualitative methods.Resumo Os procedimentos da pesquisa qualitativa em sa úde nem sempre são bem aplicados, principalmente na fase de análise de dados. Nosso objetivo é apresentar uma técnica sistematizada de procedimentos, passo a passo, para análise de conteúdo qualitativa no campo da sa&uac...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 25, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Evidence of the validity of the Food and Nutritional Security Scale for adolescents (ESANa)
This study aimed to develop a valid and reliable scale for assessing food and nutritional insecurity, specifically in adolescents. The initial version of the scale consisted of two subscales: perception of food insecurity and perception of nutritional security. The items were submitted to content analysis (n = 4) by a group of food and nutrition security experts, and semantic analysis (n = 20) by a group of adolescents conveniently sampled from the target population. After adjustments, the final version of the scale was applied to adolescent students (n = 425) aged 12 to 18 years (m = 14.32 ±0.96; CV = 6.7%). A two-...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 25, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

A nationwide school-based study of violence in Brazil (PeNSE, 2015)
Resumo Objetivou-se descrever o perfil de escolares brasileiros acometidos por situa ções de violência física intrafamiliar (VFI), por objeto perfurocortante (VOC), arma de fogo (VAF) e violência sexual (VS). Trata-se de um estudo transversal de base escolar. Foram avaliados escolares do 9° ano do ensino fundamental em todo Brasil. A amostragem foi realizada em três estágios : seleção dos municípios, posteriormente das escolas, e por fim as turmas. Análises univariadas, bivariadas e multivariadas foram realizadas considerando-se os pesos amostrai...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 25, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Knowledge and attitude of women with high-risk pregnancy about the Zika virus transmission
Resumo Objetivou analisar o conhecimento e a atitude das gestantes de alto risco sobre a zika. Trata-se de um estudo transversal, quantitativo, com amostra de 201 gestantes de alto risco, que realizam pr é-natal no Ambulatório Médico de Especialidades. Aplicou-se um instrumento auto administrado, aplicados após a consulta com o médico. Os critérios de inclusão utilizados foram a presença das gestantes no dia da entrevista e seu consentimento de participação. Os de exclusão as que não ace itaram participar e não estarem realizando o p...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 25, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Lifestyle of adolescent students from public and private schools in Recife: ERICA
This study analyzes the behavior patterns related to the lifestyle of adolescents in Recife, Brazil. A cross-sectional study was conducted with data from the Cardiovascular Risk Study among Adolescents (ERICA) and 2400 students aged 12 to 17 were interviewed. The prevalence of physical activity, eating behavior, smoking and alcohol consumption were analyzed. The Chi-square test and 95% confidence interval (95%CI) were used to evaluate the statistical significance of the measurements. It was observed that 60% of the adolescents presented inadequate eating behaviors regarding the consumption of breakfast, daily water intake ...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 25, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Determinants of fruits, vegetables, and ultra-processed foods consumption among infants
The objective was to evaluate the influence of individual and contextual determinants on infant ’ s consumption of fruits and vegetables (FV), and ultra-processed foods (UPF). The data was obtained from the Survey of Prevalence of Breastfeeding in Brazilian Municipalities, 2008. A representative sample of 14,326 infants 6-11.9 months old, from seventy-five municipalities of S ão Paulo state was evaluated. The influence of determinants on FV and UPF consumption was analyzed using Poisson multilevel regression. Mother ’ s educational level and maternal age had positive dose-response effect for the consumption of FV (p trend
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 25, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Clinical Protocol of the Brazilian Ministry of Health on Parkinson’s Disease: adherence and perception of the prescribing physician
Resumo Este estudo avaliou a ades ão de médicos ao Protocolo Clínico e Diretrizes Terapêuticas para a Doença de Parkinson (PCDT-DP), no âmbito do SUS. Dois métodos complementares foram utilizados: avaliação descritiva de 375 solicitações de medicamentos encaminhadas à Assistência Farmacêutica da Secretaria de Estado da Saúde do Rio Grande do Sul, de março a setembro de 2016, e levantamento por meio de questionário estruturado aos prescritores para investigar a percepção de barreiras à util...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 25, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The prevalence of severe falls and associated factors among elderly Brazilians: Results of the 2013 National Health Survey
Resumo O objetivo foi estimar a preval ência e os fatores associados à queda grave em idosos brasileiros. Estudo transversal, incluindo 10.537 idosos participantes da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde (2013). A variável dependente foi relato de queda grave último. As variáveis independentes incluíram, hierarquicamente, fatores sociodemog ráficos, comportamentais, condição de saúde e capacidade funcional. Foi utilizada regressão logística para obter os odds ratio (OR) e os respectivos intervalos de confiança (95%), utilizando-se o prog...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 25, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Men, masculinity and the new coronavirus: sharing gender issues in the first phase of the pandemic
This article presents reflections on masculinity and the social construction of gender - based on the global phenomenon of the new coronavirus pandemic - produced by researchers who are part of the national research team on comprehensive health care policy for men in Brazil. From a gender-based standpoint, the article contends that it is necessary to note that cis heteronormative male socialization is guided by three core issues: 1) the submission to practices of care of self and others; 2) the rejection of preventive health practices, due to a distorted matrix of risk perception (and a certain sense of “ invulnerabi...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 25, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Impact and trend of COVID-19 in the Brazilian prison system: an ecological study
Resumo Tendo em vista a r ápida disseminação do novo coronavírus no sistema prisional, o presente trabalho teve como objetivos identificar aglomerados espaciais para ocorrência da COVID-19 na população privada de liberdade (PPL) e analisar a tendência temporal dos casos confirmados no sistema penitenciário do Brasil . Estudo ecológico que considerou como unidades de análise as cinco macrorregiões do Brasil, seus 26 estados e o Distrito Federal. A população foi composta por todos os casos de COVID-19 confirmados, no períod...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 25, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The impact of COVID-19 on the elderly dependent population in Spain with special reference to the residential care sector
The objective of this study is to analyze the residential care crisis in Spain in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic and its impact on high mortality and abandonment of the user population. The direct, indirect and structural causes are analyzed. Specifically, precarious employment in residences over the past decade was analyzed as one of the main explanatory causes of the structural crisis of nursing homes. The theoretical focus of analysis is the comprehensive and person-centered care (CPCC) model based on the autonomy of people and the centrality of their rights. The methodology combines a quantitative analysis of emp...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 25, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The place of family caregivers for older adults with Alzheimer’s disease: a literature review in Brazil and the United States
Resumo Apresenta-se uma revis ão de literatura sobre cuidadores familiares de pacientes com a doença de Alzheimer, no período de 2013 a 2017, disponíveis nas bases de dados BVS, Scopus e PubMed. Descritores utilizados: doença de Alzheimer (DA), cuidadores, saúde do idoso, por combinação. Dos 163 artigos analisados, após aplicação do teste de relevancia, foram selecionados 26, apresentados a partir de cinco unidades temáticas: 1- Revisões de literatura; 2- Perfis de prevalencia dos cuidadores de DA; 3- Pesquisas qualitativas que anali...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 25, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Support policies for dependent older adults: Europe and Brazil
Resumo Neste ensaio te órico discutem-se políticas sobre cuidados de longa duração para pessoas idosas dependentes. O objetivo é analisar o conteúdo e as estratégias que guiaram a formulação das chamadas “ pol íticas de dependência ” em alguns estados europeus, buscando orienta ções para a realização de ações relativas à mesma questão no caso brasileiro. As bases de conhecimento são documentos oficiais e artigos científicos que descrevem e analisam a institucionaliza&...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 25, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The silenced sexuality in dependent older adults
Resumo A sexualidade é um tema silenciado em relação à população idosa que é socialmente percebida como assexuada. Este artigo de abordagem qualitativa faz parte de uma pesquisa sobre idosos dependentes cujo objetivo foi analisar suas vivências em relação à sexualidade. O tema foi obtido a partir de entrevist as com 26 deles, que falaram sobre o sexo em suas vidas. A análise de conteúdo temática identificou duas categorias principais nas falas: diferenças de gênero no trato da sexualidade e dificuldade de falar sob...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 25, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Family health strategy and older adults with dementia: care provided by health professionals
Resumo Estudo qualitativo descritivo-anal ítico desenvolvido em um setor de atenção primária à saúde organizada pela Estratégia de Saúde da Família (ESF). Realizadas entrevistas semiestruturadas com cinco profissionais de saúde: dois médicos, uma enfermeira e dois agentes comunitários de saúde (ACS). Tópicos norteadores da ent revista: dados sobre o entrevistado; atendimento ao idoso; atenção aos familiares; percepção acerca de vivência de situações-limite no acompanhamento do id...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 25, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Community health workers caring for dependent elderly people
This study aims to analyze health care professionals ’ perceptions and health management about CHWs ’ role in caring for dependent elderly people. A qualitative study was carried out, from a hermeneutic-dialectic perspective, with 38 professionals working in elderly people ’ s health in cities in the five regions of Brazil. The results identified CHWs as facilitators of access to elderly people dependent on the health care network, gaps in continuing education and the reduced number of these professionals to meet the demand in primary care. Respondents attributed great importance to CHW ’ s performa...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 25, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Primary Health Care in caring for dependent older adults and their caregivers
Resumo A Aten ção Primária em Saúde é um modelo de cuidado cujos atributos contribuem para resolver a maioria dos problemas de saúde dos idosos, em um contexto de aumento da longevidade no Brasil. Esta investigação tem como objetivo analisar o cuidado dispensado ao idoso dependente e seus cuidadores no â mbito da Atenção Primária à Saúde. Trata-se de um estudo qualitativo realizado em oito municípios brasileiros no ano de 2019. Participaram da pesquisa 190 sujeitos, cujas informações foram coletadas por mei...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 25, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Challenges and possibilities of health professionals in the care of dependent older adults
This study investigates the challenges and possibilities of health professionals in managing care for dependent older adults in PHC. We employed a qualitative approach based on dialectical hermeneutic fusion. Interviews were carried out with 38 health professionals, from June to December 2019, in eight cities in the five Brazilian regions, which resulted in themes about the challenges of professionals in the management of care for older adults, the strategies used, and their suggestions for improving the quality of care for dependent older adults. Management failures, structural factors, access barriers, scarce supplies, d...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 25, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Chronic non-communicable diseases and their implications in the life of dependente eldery people
This study aims to investigate the implications of chronic noncommunicable diseases in dependent older adults. This is a multicenter, qualitative study in which semi-structured interviews were conducted with 59 dependent older adults diagnosed with chronic disease. The Thematic Analysis technique was used for analyzing the information. Most older adults were female, white, with low schooling level and lived with their daughters. All were undergoing drug treatment, and cardiocirculatory diseases were the most prevalent conditions. The implications of chronic diseases are manifested in the use of medications, which are also ...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 25, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Dependent aging: what does cinema show?
Resumo Este artigo é um ensaio que pensa a arte, particularmente o cinema, como recurso complementar para a discussão de temas de saúde. O texto faz parte da reflexão produzida no âmbito de uma pesquisa multicêntrica sobre idosos com dependência realizada em oito cidades brasileiras. Analisam-se dois filmes que abordam as contingências de uma velhice com dependência e a relação entre pessoas que cuidam e que são cuidadas. “ Poesia ” mostra os impasses de uma idosa sobrecarregada econ ômica e emocionalmente que começa a a...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 25, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The meaning of aging for the dependent elderly
Resumo O envelhecimento constitui um fen ômeno demográfico e uma questão econômica, social, política, cultural e ética. O objetivo deste ensaio é refletir sobre o envelhecimento e o sentido da velhice no sistema capitalista, sob o paradoxo que contrapõe lucro e necessidades humanas. A investigação efetuada sinaliza que sobre a pe ssoa idosa, com perdas de capacidades e incapacidades, recaem altos índices de negligências públicas e privadas. Isso exige a implementação de políticas específicas para a velhice, d...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 25, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Subjective life experiences of family caregivers of dependent older adults
This study aimed to understand the subjective meanings attributed to home care by family caregivers of dependent older adults through a multicenter qualitative investigation that gathered 84 in-depth interviews with family caregivers from eight Brazilian locations. The hermeneutic-dialectic, theoretical, methodological framework was employed. The following categories emerged from the analysis: 1. Movements inhibiting emotions and feelings; 2. Presence of processes of symbiosis and emotional dependence in the older adult-relative relationship; 3. Contentment in caring for the dependent older adult; and 4. Giving up current ...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 25, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Formal caregivers of dependent elderly people in the home: challenges experienced
Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é analisar as características e os desafios vivenciados pelos cuidadores formais de idosos dependentes no domicílio. Estudo qualitativo multicêntrico, realizado em 6 cidades brasileiras, com cuidadores formais de idosos dependentes. As entrevistas foram realizadas mediante utilização de um rot eiro semiestruturado, no domicílio, nos meses de maio a agosto de 2019, com duração média de 60 minutos. Participaram 27 cuidadores formais com idade média de 46 anos, predominantemente do sexo feminino, com tempo médio d...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 25, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

“We are humans after all”: Family caregivers’ experience of caring for dependent older adults in Brazil
Resumo O artigo visa compreender a viv ência dos(as) cuidadores(as) familiares com a pessoa idosa dependente no Brasil, bem como entender as consequências dos cuidados de idosos dependentes na vida do cuidador familiar. Estudo multicêntrico, de caráter qualitativo, com referencial teórico hermenêutico-dialético. Foram realizadas e ntrevistas em profundidade com 84 cuidadores familiares nas cidades de Brasília, Rio de Janeiro, Belo Horizonte, Fortaleza, Teresina, Porto Alegre, Araranguá e Manaus. Da análise temática, emergiram três categorias: mo...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 25, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Aging and dependence in Brazil: sociodemographic and care characteristics of older adults and caregivers
Resumo O artigo tem como objetivo identificar caracter ísticas sociodemográficas e assistenciais de idosos dependentes, cuidadores formais e familiares em municípios de diferentes regiões brasileiras. Realizou-se um estudo transversal com amostra de 175 pessoas, sendo 64 idosos, 27 cuidadores formais e 84 cuidadores familiares. Foram realizadas entr evistas semiestruturadas, com questões específicas para cada grupo sobre a temática do cuidado e dependência. A maioria dos idosos era do sexo feminino, com idade igual ou maior a 80 anos, com baixa escolaridade e dependent...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 25, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Caring for those who care for dependent older adults: for a necessary and urgent policy
Resumo Apresenta-se e discute-se a situa ção das cuidadoras e dos cuidadores familiares de idosos dependentes. Ressaltam-se sua dedicação, seus problemas e os encaminhamentos para valorizá-los. Sabe-se que a tarefa de cuidar é eminentemente feminina, invisível, não remunerada, que afeta a sociedade como um todo. Descrevem-se as pol íticas vigentes em alguns países europeus, no Canadá e nos Estados Unidos a favor das cuidadoras e cuidadores. A maioria dos modelos de suporte existentes apresenta lacunas. Leis e regulações criadas t&eci...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 25, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Elderly individuals dependent on caregivers
(Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva)
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - January 25, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Susceptibility of the Bhopal–methyl isocyanate (MIC)–gas–tragedy survivors and their offspring to COVID-19: What we know, what we don’t and what we should?
This article aims at answering these three questions that emerge in the minds of public health officials concerning prevention strategies against COVID-19 and health promotion in the Bhopal MIC-affected population (BMAP). Our views and opinions presented in this article will draw attention to prevent and reduce the consequences of COVID-19 in BMAP. From the perspective of COVID-19 prophylaxis, the high-risk individuals from BMAP with co-morbidities need to be identified through a door-to-door visit to the severely gas-affected regions and advised to maintain good respiratory hygiene, regular intake of immune-boosting diet,...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - September 30, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Necropolitics and the impact of COVID-19 on the Black community in Brazil: a literature review and a document analysis
This study discusses to what extent the inclusion, or not, of the race/color variable in epidemiological analysis of the COVID-19 pandemic can work as an external manifestation of necropolitics and as a producer of health inequities. We conducted a literature review on 09 articles, and on Scientific Electronic Library, PubMed and Virtual Health Library databases. We also conducted a documental analysis on 27 epidemiological reports from all the federal states and the Federal District of Brazil. We did not see much information regarding race/color, which can be interpreted as an intentional omission in order to hide those w...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - September 30, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Fact or Fake? An analysis of disinformation regarding the Covid-19 pandemic in Brazil
Resumo Este artigo tem como objetivo apresentar uma reflex ão sobre as notícias falsas a respeito do novo coronavírus (Sars-CoV-2) mais disseminadas nas redes sociais e mostrar como podem causar prejuízos à saúde pública. Trata-se de um estudo empírico quantitativo, realizado a partir das notificações recebidas pelo aplicativo brasileiro Eu Fiscal izo. Os resultados da pesquisa mostram que o WhatsApp é o principal canal de compartilhamento de fake news, seguido do Instagram e do Facebook. Conclui-se que a disseminação de conteú...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - September 30, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Where does patient autonomy live, in times of crisis in Portugal?
Resumo A pandemia de COVID-19 fez-nos questionar pr áticas diárias até então instituídas, como o simples aperto de mão. Levantou também outras questões, algumas de índole ético-legal. Estarão a ser cumpridos os princípios éticos que devem orientar a prestação de cuidados individualizados? Conseguiremos nós, profissionais de saúde, fo rnecer instrumentos aos doentes para que possam usufruir plenamente do seu direito de autonomia? A garantia de soluções de segurança necessárias, p...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - September 30, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Community health workers: reflections on the health work process in Covid-19 pandemic times
This study discusses the reorganization of the Community Health Workers (CHWs) work process as a result of the Covid-19 pandemic, considering its importance as a link between the community and the health services in the field of basic care. The literature review comes from the following databases: Virtual Health Library, Scientific Electronic Library Online, and the Brazilian Scientific Publications Portal databases in open access and document review of technical and normative notes from the Municipal Health Secretariats in Brazil. The analysis was based on the premises of Primary Health Care and on the axes of the CHW wor...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - September 30, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Contributions to address violence against older adults during the Covid-19 pandemic in Brazil
Resumo O distanciamento social tem sido usado pela maioria dos governos estaduais e municipais do Brasil como principal estrat égia para a redução da velocidade de transmissão do novo coronavírus (SARS-CoV-2), agente etiológico da COVID-19. Entretanto, esse isolamento social tem tido várias repercussões negativas, dentre elas o aumento da violência intrafamiliar contra crianças, adolescentes e mulheres. Recentemen te, a violência contra a pessoa idosa (VCPI) durante a pandemia também vem entrando na pauta das preocupações, embor...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - September 30, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Depending on the income of older adults and the coronavirus: orphans or newly poor?
The objective of this study is to show the impact of the early death of the elderly, especially those who are financially responsible for families, on the income of other family members. It is considered to be premature, because death occurs at an age where life expectancy is positive and different from zero. The concern arises from the finding that 74.7% of the deaths recorded by Covid-19 until 8/13/2020 occurred in individuals aged 60 years or older, of which 56.4% were men. For example, at age 60 a male individual could still expect to live another 18.1 years, given the health conditions prevailing in 2018. (Source: Cie...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - September 30, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Physical activity in periods of social distancing due to COVID-19: a cross-sectional survey
Abstract Physical inactivity and sedentary behavior are associated with poor physical and mental health. The article aims to assess the changes in the habits of the Brazilian participants engaged in physical activities in relation to their practices, due the measures of social distancing during the COVID-19 epidemic in 2020. The secondary objective was to describe their levels of anxiety and depression. The questionnaire used in this online survey included demographic information, questions about self-perceptions of the impact of the COVID-19 in the life routines and the 14-item Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale. A total o...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - September 30, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Lifestyle behaviors changes during the COVID-19 pandemic quarantine among 6,881 Brazilian adults with depression and 35,143 without depression
Abstract Our aim was to analyze the association between previously diagnosed lifetime depression and changes in physical activity (PA), TV-viewing, consumption of fruits and vegetables as well as frequency of ultra-processed food (UPF) consumption. Data of 41,923 Brazilian adults (6,881 with depression and 35,042 without depression) were used. Participants reported PA ( ≥ 150 min/week), TV-viewing ( ≥ 4 h/day), frequency of eating fruits or vegetables ( ≤ 4 days/week) and UPF ( ≥ 5 days/week). For incidence indicators, we only considered participants without the risk behavior before the quarantine. People witho...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - September 30, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome in Pernambuco: comparison of patterns before and during the COVID-19 pandemic
Resumo Foi analisado o padr ão da Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave (SRAG) em Pernambuco antes e durante período pandêmico da COVID-19. Estudo ecológico, de janeiro a junho de 2015 a 2019 (período pré-pandemia) e 01 de janeiro a 15 de junho de 2020, período que contempla parte inicial da pandemia. Taxas de detecção por município e Regional de Saúde de residência foram calculadas e, por meio da razão de risco, a dinâmica espacial da SRAG foi estimada. Na pré-pandemia ocorreram 5.617 casos de SRAG, 187 casos/m&...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - September 30, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Risk factors associated with delay in diagnosis and mortality in patients with COVID-19 in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Abstract We investigated the predictors of delay in the diagnosis and mortality of patients with COVID-19 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. A cohort of 3,656 patients were evaluated (Feb-Apr 2020) and patients ’ sociodemographic characteristics, and social development index (SDI) were used as determinant factors of diagnosis delays and mortality. Kaplan-Meier survival analyses, time-dependent Cox regression models, and multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted. The median time from symptoms onset to diagnosis was eight days (interquartile range [IQR] 7.23-8.99 days). Half of the patients recovered during the ...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - September 30, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Factors associated with Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome in a Brazilian central region
This study aimed to analyze the epidemiological profile and factors associated with SARI-related hospitalization and deaths reported in Goi ás. Retrospective cohort study, with data from the investigation files of the Notifiable Diseases Information System ’ s Influenza Web. Multivariate analysis methods were employed to verify the association between exposure variables with the outcomes of ICU admission and death. A total of 4,832 SARI cases were reported in Goi ás from 2013 to 2018. The primary etiological diagnosis was Influenza A (22.3%) with the predominant subtype A (H1N1pdm09), followed by the Re...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - September 30, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research