Atenção Primária à Saúde na coordenação do cuidado e Regiões de Saúde
Resumo O “ Oral Impacts on Daily Performances (OIDP) ” é um indicador de qualidade de vida relacionada com a saúde oral. Foi desenvolvido com o intuito de avaliar o impacto das condições orais na capacidade de o indivíduo desempenhar atividades diárias. O principal objetivo deste trabalho foi validar o OIDP para a população Portuguesa, com idade igual ou superior a 18 anos. Começou-se por obter uma versão portuguesa provisória: traduziu-se o original inglês e retro traduziu-se. Fizeram-se adaptações linguísti...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - December 12, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Validation of the Oral Impacts on Daily Performance index among the Portuguese population
Resumo O “ Oral Impacts on Daily Performances (OIDP) ” é um indicador de qualidade de vida relacionada com a saúde oral. Foi desenvolvido com o intuito de avaliar o impacto das condições orais na capacidade de o indivíduo desempenhar atividades diárias. O principal objetivo deste trabalho foi validar o OIDP para a população Portuguesa, com idade igual ou superior a 18 anos. Começou-se por obter uma versão portuguesa provisória: traduziu-se o original inglês e retro traduziu-se. Fizeram-se adaptações linguísti...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - December 12, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Evaluation of satisfaction with dental care from the standpoint of adult Brazilian users: a multilevel analysis
Resumo Objetivou-se avaliar a satisfa ção quanto aos serviços de assistência odontológica e identificar associação entre a insatisfação e as variáveis contextuais/individuais. Estudo transversal multinível de dados secundários de uma amostra representativa de 8.943 adultos de 177 municípios. Encontravam-se insatisfeitos 14, 9% dos adultos. Registrou-se maior chance de insatisfação com os serviços odontológicos entre adultos que residiam em municípios com maior desigualdade social (OR:1,53;IC95%:1,31-...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - December 12, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Expenditure trends in ambulatory care sensitive conditions in the under-fives in Bahia, Brazil
Resumo Este estudo analisou a tend ência dos gastos e das Internações por Condições Sensíveis à Atenção Primária (ICSAP) em crianças residentes na Bahia. Trata-se de um estudo ecológico de série temporal, na Bahia, de 2000 a 2012. Foram calculadas as taxas anuais de ICSAP em menores de cinco anos, dos gastos totais e dos gastos médios. Para a análise da tendência temporal foram construídos modelos de regressão linear. Foram notificadas 810.831 ICSAP em menores de cinco anos na Bahia de 2000 a 2012. A ...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - December 12, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Training in Family Health and its association with work processes of Primary Care Dentistry Teams
This study seeks to investigate the association between the training of Dental-Surgeons in Family Health and the work process. It involved a cross-sectional and multicentric study, with 18,114 Oral Health Teams that participated on the National Program to Enhance Access and Quality of Primary Health Care. Data were collected through interviews, using a structured questionnaire. Professionals with post-graduate education in Family Health share their schedule with other Primary Care professionals more frequently (PR: 1.04; CI 95%: 1.03 – 1.06), organize their schedule to offer educational activities in Oral Health more...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - December 12, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Does an ear deformity bring an adverse impact on quality of life of Treacher Collins syndrome individuals?
This study aims to assess the quality of life of individuals with TCS and to gauge the impacts of ear deformity on the quality of life. Twelve volunteers with a clinical and genetic diagnosis of TCS answered the WHO quality of life questionnaire and were divided into groups with normal ears (n = 6) versus affected ears (n = 6), and their results were compared. Siviero ’ s scale was used to stratify the quality of life scores as satisfactory, intermediate and unsatisfactory. The overall score of the normal ears group was 73.13 and 71.81 for the affected ears group, and both were classified as an intermediate quality o...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - December 12, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Factors associated with interpersonal violence among children from public schools in Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil
Resumo A escola presencia o crescimento das manifesta ções de violências interpessoais entre crianças e, nesta ótica, o artigo analisa a prevalência destas no relacionamento entre escolares e os seus fatores associados. Estudo transversal, com 874 alunos de escolas públicas municipais, de 10 e 11 anos idade, realizado no ano de 2013. Um question ário instrumentou a coleta de dados que foram submetidos à análise bivariada com cálculo de significância estatística entre as associações. Os resultados apontam que a crianç...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - December 12, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Body image satisfaction and subjective wellbeing among ninth-grade students attending state schools in Canoas, Brazil
This study aimed to identify variables related to overall well-being (life satisfaction, health perception, happiness, and optimism) that discriminate between teenagers who are satisfied with body image and those who are dissatisfied. A cross-sectional, school- based study was conducted involving a sample of 1,460 ninth-grade students attending state schools in Canoas in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The following instruments were used: a sociodemographic questionnaire; the Economic Classification Criteria Brazil; the Body Shape Questionnaire; the Brief Multidimensional Students ’ Life Satisfaction Scale; t...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - December 12, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Insufficient levels of physical activity of adolescents associated with sociodemographic, environmental and school factors
This study investigated the associations between the level of physical activity with sociodemographic, environmental and academic factors of adolescents. Two thousand five hundred and forty-five adolescents aged between 14 and 18 from Florian ópolis and neighboring cities participated in this study. The short version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) was used. The prevalence of inactive adolescents was 48.6%, being higher among females (53.9%). For girls, physical inactivity was associated with the lack of appr opriate and free places for physical activity (OR = 1.30 95% CI 1.05 to 1.82), w...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - December 12, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Regular use of dental services and dental loss among the elderly
This study aimed to investigate the association between regular use of dental services and tooth loss by elderly linked to eleven Family Health Facilities in southern Brazil. This cross-sectional study evaluated 438 elderly. A standard questionnaire was used and oral health clinical variables were obtained by a trained dentist. The main study outcome, namely, the regular use of dental services, was obtained through a single question. Descriptive analyses and Poisson regression using Stata 12.0 were performed. The analysis of the exposure variables and the outcome in the unadjusted regression analysis revealed a positive as...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - December 12, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Science, Technology and Pharmaceutical Policy on the agenda: contributions from the society to the 16th National Conference on Health
Resumo O Pleno do Conselho Nacional de Sa úde (CNS) aprovou a Resolução nº 568/2017 que convoca a 16ª Conferência Nacional de Saúde, a ser realizada no ano de 2019 e deliberou pela realização de atividades temáticas, em oito áreas, incluindo Assistência Farmacêutica e Ciência e Tecnologia. Uma parceria do CNS com a Fiocruz e a Escola Nacional dos Farmacêuticos propôs a realização do 8º Simpósio Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia e Assistência Farmacêutica, antecedido por dez encont...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - December 12, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Principles of clinical management: connecting management, healthcare and education in health
Resumo O artigo objetiva propor princ ípios validados que norteariam uma gestão da clínica voltada à transformação da atenção à saúde, para sistemas integrados de saúde. Partiu-se da concepção de gestão da clínica configurada a partir de certos elementos estruturantes que não separam gestão, cuidado e educação. A prop osta dos autores passou por processo de estabelecimento de consenso entre especialistas convidados. Como resultados, são apresentados os seguintes princípios da ge...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - December 12, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Education-service integration in the context of Brazilian medical schools: an integrative review
Resumo Este trabalho teve por objetivo caracterizar a trajet ória histórica, incluindo os avanços e os desafios, da integração ensino-serviço no processo de formação médica. Diante deste contexto, por meio de estudos científicos indexados em bases de dados, foi realizada uma revisão crítica da literatura a partir da busca por trabalhos considerado s referência até o momento atual. A maioria dos artigos consultados trata de material referencial sobre o tema publicado em periódicos científicos indexados nas bases de...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - December 12, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Coxiella burnetii and Q fever in Brazil: a public health issue
Resumo A Febre Q é uma zoonose de ampla distribuição mundial, apesar dos poucos relatos associados a sua ocorrência no Brasil. “ Coxiella burnetii ” , agente etiol ógico da Febre Q, é um cocobacilo gram-negativo, parasita intracelular obrigatório da ordem Legionellales. O microrganismo geralmente está presente na urina e fezes de animais infectados, podendo ser encontrado em grande quantidade nos restos placentários de animais nascidos a termo ou produtos de aborto. A inalação de células bacterianas suspensas no ar ou aeross&oacu...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - December 12, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Leisure among university students in the healthcare area: a review of the literature
This article set out to analyze studies on leisure activities among university students in the healthcare area. It conducted a search using the following key words: leisure and students, and their corresponding terms in Spanish and English in the Bireme database, which resulted in 32 articles at the end of the review. In the articles analyzed there was a predominance of the following leisure interests: sports, social, intellectual and artistic activities, with a greater number of articles presenting experiences in sports. It was also noted that the intake of alcohol in the leisure context is often mentioned by this populat...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - December 12, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Evidence on nutritional assessment techniques and parameters used to determine the nutritional status of children and adolescents: systematic review
This article aims to review systematically the evidence on nutritional assessment techniques and parameters used to determine the nutritional status of children and adolescents. The literature review and the selection of publications were performed using the Medline, Lilacs, SciELO, Embase, personal files. 17 studies were identified, 7 addressed the anthropometric indices as the main outcome, 7 analyzed the growth and development of children and adolescents through growth curves, and the remainder surveyed body composition. In general, all met the quality criteria, unless 6 of the articles who did not discuss the limitatio...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - December 12, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Consumption of dietary intake markers by patients with diabetes assessed using a mobile application
Resumo Este trabalho objetiva avaliar os marcadores do consumo alimentar de pacientes diab éticos por meio de um aplicativo móvel. Estudo transversal, realizado com 100 adultos e idosos portadores de Diabetes Mellitus tipo 2, internados em um hospital do interior do estado do Rio Grande do Sul. Para a coleta de dados utilizou-se o aplicativo móvel Diabetes FoodControl. Na associação da adequação dos marcadores do consumo com as variáveis investigadas, utilizou-se o teste do qui-quadrado ao nível 5% de significância. Identificou-se alto percentual de indiv...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - December 12, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Brazilian National School Food Program as a promoter of local, healthy and sustainable food systems: evaluating the financial implementation
Resumo O objetivo foi analisar o investimento financeiro para a aquisi ção de alimentos destinados à alimentação escolar em um município no Sul do Brasil. As licitações, as chamadas públicas e a prestação de contas do PNAE foram analisadas por meio das variáveis: I) valores de complementação financeira do município; II) percentual de recursos destinado à compra de alimentos da Agricultura Familiar (AF) e aos alimentos Recomendados, Restritos, Proibidos e outros. Comparação de proporçõe...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - December 12, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Nutritional adequacy and food waste in Early Childhood Education Centers
Resumo Analisar aspectos quantitativos e qualitativos da alimenta ção escolar constitui-se de etapa primordial para fazer do Programa Nacional de Alimentação Escolar (PNAE) um espaço efetivo para a promoção da alimentação saudável e formação de sujeitos de direitos. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a adequação nutricional das refeições servidas e consumidas e quantificar o desperdício de alimentos em Centros de Educação Infantil de Maceió/AL. Foram analisadas por três dias n&a...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - December 12, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The new food classification: theory, practice and difficulties
The objective of this work was to present the theory, propose the practice and evaluate the difficulties of the new food classification system that was presented in the second edition of the Dietary Guidelines for the Brazilian Population. The questionnaire used included a list of 30 foods divided into four groups: in natura or minimally processed foods (I), culinary ingredients (C), processed foods (P) and ultra-processed foods (U). The participants categorized the foods before and after a mini-course. The correct classification score in the Global Assessment (C, I, U, P) was significantly higher after the mini-course (Me...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - December 12, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Purchase of products directly from family farms for the National School Feeding Program (PNAE): cross-sectional study with the universe of brazilian municipalities
This study researched the Brazilian municipalities with respect to the purchase of food from family farms for the National School Food Program. It involved a cross-sectional study conducted via an electronic questionnaire sent to 5,565 municipalities in the country. The research included 93.2% of the municipalities (n = 5,184), 78.5% of which acquired food from family farms, with the highest frequency (95.5%) of the municipalities making the purchase in the southern region, and the lowest (67.9%) in the Central West region. The large-scale municipalities, with mixed, decentralized or outsourced school food management, and ...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - December 12, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Health and Food and Nutritional Security Policies: challenges in controlling childhood obesity
Resumo O estudo analisou as a ções de prevenção e controle da obesidade infantil, especialmente as de Promoção da Alimentação Adequada e Saudável (PAAS), que integram Políticas do governo federal brasileiro nos últimos 15 anos. Foram analisados todos os documentos que apresentam ações de PAAS no âmbito das polític as de saúde e segurança alimentar e nutricional a partir das seguintes dimensões: (1) a abordagem das ações de PAAS; (2) os condicionantes da obesidade que pretendem afetar e ...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - December 12, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Association between domestic maltreatment and excess weight and fat among students of the city/state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
This study sought to investigate the relationship between domestic maltreatment and excess weight, body fat and abdominal fat among adolescents from the public schools in the city of Rio de Janeiro – Brazil. It involved a cross-sectional study using data from the Risk Factor Surveillance System and Protection of Health of Adolescents, held in 2007 by the municipality of Rio de Janeiro. The sample consisted of 1628 students aged 13 to 19 years, of both sexes, in the 9th year of school. Excess weight, body fat and abdominal fat (outcome variables) and domestic maltreatment (physical and verbal aggression) were evaluate...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - December 12, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Lactose in processed foods: evaluating the availability of information regarding its amount
Resumo Indiv íduos com intolerância à lactose, doença de alta prevalência, devem controlar o consumo de alimentos com esse dissacarídeo para evitar sintomas gastrointestinais. Como a tolerância é variável à quantidade ingerida, é fundamental a discussão sobre a disponibilização da informação de q uantidade de lactose em alimentos industrializados, que atualmente não é obrigatória. O estudo avaliou a disponibilidade da informação sobre a quantidade de lactose por análise dos ...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - December 12, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Instrument to evaluate the combination of foods to make iron more bioavailable in the diet
Resumo O objetivo foi desenvolver um instrumento para avaliar o conhecimento de mulheres adultas sobre a combina ção de alimentos de forma a tornar o ferro biodisponível na dieta infantil. Estudo fatorial exploratório de questionário (escala Likert) utilizando-se Análise de Fator Principal e estimador de razão de verossimilhança. Aplicaram-se teste KMO, teste Doornik-Hansen, critério de Kaiser Guttman , correlação entre fatores e pressupostos teóricos. Confiabilidade avaliada pelo Alfa de Cronbach e confiabilidade composta. Participaram do ...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - December 12, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Healthy Eating Index: adaptation for children aged 1 to 2 years
Resumo O objetivo foi adaptar o Índice da Alimentação Saudável (IAS) norte-americano às diretrizes dietéticas para crianças brasileiras. Estudo transversal desenvolvido em amostra de base populacional de 1.185 crianças com 13 a 35 meses de idade do município de São Luís (MA). Um Inquérito Recordatório, de 24 horas, me nsurou o consumo alimentar e ajustou-se a variância intrapessoal da dieta. Avaliou-se a validade do constructo pela Análise de Componentes Principais e pelo coeficiente de correlação de Pearso...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - December 12, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Eating patterns and nutrient intake for older people: analysis with different methodological approaches
This study aims to analyse the eating patterns and nutrient intake in different eating patterns of elderly persons. This is a cross-sectional study with elderly people from Botucatu, S ão Paulo state, Brazil. The mean daily nutrient intake of individuals with high adherence to the eating patterns identified by factor analysis was analysed, comparing the intake by analysis of variance. Individuals with high adherence to the Healthy eating pattern had the highest mean intake of ret inol, vitamin A and vitamin E. Individuals with high adherence to the eating pattern Snacks and weekend meal presented lower means of vita...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - December 12, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Best Practices in School Food and Nutrition Units of a municipality in the state of Rio de Janeiro - Brazil
Resumo O objetivo deste trabalho foi analisar as condi ções higiênico-sanitárias em nove Unidades de Alimentação e Nutrição Escolares (UANE) de um município do Rio de Janeiro (Brasil). Uma Lista de Verificação de Boas Práticas na Alimentação Escolar, proposta e validada por Stedefeldt et al., com itens pontuados e agrupados em seis Blocos Temáticos (BT), foi aplicada. Os resultados da pontuação total (P) por BT e da pontuação final (PF) foram obtidos utilizando o Programa Ferramenta para as Bo...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - December 12, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Sodium content and food additives in major brands of Brazilian children’s foods
The objective of this paper is to evaluate the sodium content and additive usage in packaged food products targeted at Brazilian children. Commercial database and manufactures ’ websites were used to identify major brands of child-oriented foods. Samples were categorized as “ children ’ s foods ” (n = 214) and “ infant ’ s foods ” (n = 86). Nutrition Facts labels were used to calculate the median Na content (mg/serving, mg/kcal, and mg/100g); the ingredient lists to note the use of food additives. The sodium content found in samples varied widely among brands. The amount of sodium ...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - December 12, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Association between excess weight and serum lipid alterations in adolescents
Resumo O estudo estimou a preval ência de alterações lipídicas entre adolescentes e investigou sua associação com o excesso de peso e com a obesidade abdominal. Foi um estudo transversal realizado com 525 adolescentes de Piracicaba (SP). Foram obtidas informações antropométricas (índice de massa corporal, circunferência da cintura e relação cintura estatura) e bioquímicas (colesterol total e frações, triglicerídeos). A associação entre alterações no perfil lipídico e indica...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - December 12, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Challenges facing Food and Nutrition Security in the Amazon: availability and consumption in households with adolescents
Resumo A inseguran ça alimentar e nutricional permanece no cenário brasileiro como um desafio para a realização do direito à alimentação adequada. O objetivo do estudo foi analisar a situação de insegurança alimentar e nutricional de adolescentes no âmbito domiciliar e individual. Estudo transversal de base populacional realizado com 363 domicílios e 95 adolescentes, na área urbana de municípios da Amazônia Brasileira. A insegurança alimentar e nutricional foi avaliada através da Escala Brasileira de Medida ...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - December 12, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Food safety performance and risk of food services from different natures and the role of nutritionist as food safety leader
The objective of this study was to evaluate the food safety performance of food services and its associated factors. The study involved 84 food businesses in the city of Santos as follows: street food kiosks and beach kiosks (street food), commercial restaurants, hospitals and school meal services (institutional food services). A food safety checklist with 81 items was applied. The overall percentage of adequacy was lower in street food kiosk (49.7%) and beach kiosk (62.0%) than in restaurants (69.7%), hospitals (83.9%) and schools (86%). Institutional and commercial restaurants showed higher scores of food safety performa...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - December 12, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The Food and Nutrition Agenda and the challenges it faces
(Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva)
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - December 12, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Errata
The objective of this article is to understand the feelings and perceptions of family members regarding the support network, care and treatment of their offspring who use crack and associated drugs, in the context of a reference center for treatment. In line with methodological approach, qualitative research was used, with data collected and analyzed under the light of Phenomenology. The research was conducted at Belo Horizonte ’ s CERSAMi in the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Eleven participants were interviewed, their participation being finalized at saturation point. The analysis was founded on three steps: descri...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - October 18, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The Social Welfare State and Democracy
The objective of this article is to understand the feelings and perceptions of family members regarding the support network, care and treatment of their offspring who use crack and associated drugs, in the context of a reference center for treatment. In line with methodological approach, qualitative research was used, with data collected and analyzed under the light of Phenomenology. The research was conducted at Belo Horizonte ’ s CERSAMi in the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Eleven participants were interviewed, their participation being finalized at saturation point. The analysis was founded on three steps: descri...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - October 18, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Body practices/physical activity in the 30 years of the Unified Health System
The objective of this article is to understand the feelings and perceptions of family members regarding the support network, care and treatment of their offspring who use crack and associated drugs, in the context of a reference center for treatment. In line with methodological approach, qualitative research was used, with data collected and analyzed under the light of Phenomenology. The research was conducted at Belo Horizonte ’ s CERSAMi in the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Eleven participants were interviewed, their participation being finalized at saturation point. The analysis was founded on three steps: descri...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - October 18, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Dialogue at the interface of the fields of Public Health and Physical Education
The objective of this article is to understand the feelings and perceptions of family members regarding the support network, care and treatment of their offspring who use crack and associated drugs, in the context of a reference center for treatment. In line with methodological approach, qualitative research was used, with data collected and analyzed under the light of Phenomenology. The research was conducted at Belo Horizonte ’ s CERSAMi in the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Eleven participants were interviewed, their participation being finalized at saturation point. The analysis was founded on three steps: descri...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - October 18, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Public Health and Physical Education: an invitation to a dialogue
The objective of this article is to understand the feelings and perceptions of family members regarding the support network, care and treatment of their offspring who use crack and associated drugs, in the context of a reference center for treatment. In line with methodological approach, qualitative research was used, with data collected and analyzed under the light of Phenomenology. The research was conducted at Belo Horizonte ’ s CERSAMi in the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Eleven participants were interviewed, their participation being finalized at saturation point. The analysis was founded on three steps: descri...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - October 18, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Práticas Corporais e Clínica Ampliada
The objective of this article is to understand the feelings and perceptions of family members regarding the support network, care and treatment of their offspring who use crack and associated drugs, in the context of a reference center for treatment. In line with methodological approach, qualitative research was used, with data collected and analyzed under the light of Phenomenology. The research was conducted at Belo Horizonte ’ s CERSAMi in the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Eleven participants were interviewed, their participation being finalized at saturation point. The analysis was founded on three steps: descri...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - October 18, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The use of crack and other drugs: the perception of family members in relation to the support network in a reference center
The objective of this article is to understand the feelings and perceptions of family members regarding the support network, care and treatment of their offspring who use crack and associated drugs, in the context of a reference center for treatment. In line with methodological approach, qualitative research was used, with data collected and analyzed under the light of Phenomenology. The research was conducted at Belo Horizonte ’ s CERSAMi in the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Eleven participants were interviewed, their participation being finalized at saturation point. The analysis was founded on three steps: descri...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - October 18, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Correlates of binge drinking among Brazilian adolescents
Abstract Adolescence is a vulnerable period for risk-taking tendencies, including binge drinking. The aim of this study was to examined the prevalence of binge drinking and its association with factors related to the consumption of alcoholic beverages by best friend, familial factors, socioeconomic status and religiosity. A Census of 633 students from public and private schools in Diamantina-MG was conducted. Participants completed a self-administered questionnaire, the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test-C (AUDIT-C) and, another on the consumption of alcohol by family and friends. Surveys inquiring about socioeconom...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - October 18, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Severe food insecurity in Brazilian Municipalities, 2013
Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é estimar as prevalências de insegurança alimentar grave (IAG) para municípios brasileiros, em 2013. Construído modelo de regressão logística preditor de IAG, utilizando a Pesquisa Nacional por Amostras de Domicílios (PNAD) 2013. A IAG foi aferida pela Escala Brasileira de Insegurança Alime ntar (EBIA). O modelo foi aplicado ao Censo de 2010, sendo preditas as prevalências municipais. As maiores prevalências estão concentradas na Região Norte e Nordeste, que apresentaram também as maiores discrep&ac...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - October 18, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Turin’s breakdown: Nietzsche’s pathographies and medical rationalities
Resumo Aos 44 anos, ap ós sofrer um colapso em Turim, o filósofo Friedrich Nietzsche recebeu o diagnóstico médico de neurossífilis. Devido à ausência de autópsia em seu corpo, tal diagnóstico médico vem sendo questionado historicamente. Realizou-se a revisão da literatura disponível sobre o diagnóstico médic o de Nietzsche. Destacam-se três gêneros patográficos que emergiram sucessivamente como explicações para o colapso de Turim: (1) narrativas sobre a sífilis ( “ demon íaco...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - October 18, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Prevalence and factors associated with alcohol use during pregnancy in a maternity hospital in Goiás, Central Brazil
Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é estimar a prevalência e os fatores associados ao uso de álcool durante a gestação. Estudo de corte transversal em uma amostra de 361 gestantes de um serviço de referência à assistência ginecológica e pré-natal. Os dados relacionados às características sociodemográficas, uso de álcoo l e potenciais fatores associados foram coletados por meio de entrevista face a face. Análise de regressão de Poisson com variância robusta foi utilizada para verificar os fatores associados ...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - October 18, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Traditional Complementary and Integrative Medicine: challenges in constructing an evaluation model of care
Resumo A complexidade e a diversidade do que se prop õe sob a lógica da Medicina Tradicional Complementar e Integrativa (MTCI) constituem um desafio para os interessados em evidências de sua efetividade. Seu crescimento, oferta e uso justificam a necessidade de construir referenciais metodológicos mais complexos e mais adequados para explicitar a singularidade do cuidado e a diversidade de suas técnicas. Este artigo, partindo de uma revisão narrativa da literatura, visa contribuir para a construção de um modelo de avaliação que, centrado na compreens&atil...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - October 18, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Reduced functional capacity of community-dwelling elderly: a longitudinal study
This study aimed to identify the incidence and risk factors for the reduced functional capacity of community-dwelling elderly. A prospective, two-stage cohort study was conducted in 2011 and 2014. The study population consisted of 202 initially independent older adults for the basic activities of daily living. The relative risk (RR) and its respective 95% confidence intervals (CI) were used as a measure of association and were estimated by log-binomial regression with robust variance. The incidence of lower functional capacity was 15.3%. The risk factors for the functional decline were unmarried status (RRadj = 2.75; 95%CI...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - October 18, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea in shift workers: a systematic review
Resumo A apneia obstrutiva do sono (AOS) é um dos distúrbios do sono mais frequentes, associada ao risco aumentado para obesidade, hipertensão e evento cardiovascular. O presente estudo buscou investigar a prevalência da AOS em trabalhadores de turno. Foi realizada a revisão sistemática da literatura, utilizando-se os descritores “ sleep apnea ” AND “ shift work ” , nas bases de dados do PubMed Central, Biblioteca Virtual em Sa úde, Web of Science e Scopus, incluindo-se artigos que apresentaram a frequência da AOS em trabalhadores de turno, publi...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - October 18, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Cyberbullying: concepts, dynamics, characters and health implications
Resumo O estudo buscou realizar a revis ão crítica de um conjunto de revisões bibliográficas no intuito de conhecer como o cyberbullying é compreendido pela comunidade científica, como o fenômeno vem sendo conceituado, como suas dinâmicas têm sido descritas, quais personagens identificados e quais as associações apontadas à sa úde das pessoas intimidadas e dos perpetradores. A literatura mostrou que não há um consenso sobre a conceituação de cyberbullying, contudo há argumentos que defendem sua especif...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - October 18, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Social networks and health practices: influence of a diabetes online community on adherence to treatment
This study aims to understand how online communities can contribute to increasing the adherence of chronic patients to the treatment prescribed by the physician in Brazil. For this purpose, we applied the netnography method to analyze the community Diabetes: vivendo e aprendendo – troca de informa ções (free translation: “ Diabetes: living and learning – information exchange ” ), considering the dimensions of adherence proposed by the World Health Organization (WHO) as a theoretical framework. The analysis shows the influence of cyberculture on health and disease processes, resulting i...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - October 18, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The use of virtual communities in the support to patients with breast cancer
Resumo Pensando nas comunidades virtuais como espa ço de interação e compartilhamento de experiências, principalmente entre indivíduos acometidos por doenças crônicas, objetivamos com este estudo, analisar o papel e natureza de suporte oferecido pelas comunidades virtuais às portadoras de câncer de mama. Estudo descritivo com abordagem qual itativa. Para coleta de dados foi utilizado o aplicativo Netvizz, extraindo dados dos cinco primeiros grupos abertos de câncer de mama do Facebook, no ano de 2016. Foram encontradas 2921 postagens, totalizando 1722 coment...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - October 18, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research