Pathogenesis, Diagnosis and Management of Polymyalgia Rheumatica

AbstractPolymyalgia rheumatica is an inflammatory rheumatic disease of the elderly characterised by pain and stiffness in the neck and pelvic girdle, and is the second most common inflammatory rheumatic condition in this age group, after rheumatoid arthritis. Polymyalgia rheumatica can occur independently or in association with giant cell arteritis, which is the most common form of primary vasculitis. The diagnosis of polymyalgia rheumatica is usually based on clinical presentation and increase of inflammatory markers. There are no pathognomonic findings that can confirm the diagnosis. However, different imaging techniques, especially ultrasonography, can assist in the identification of polymyalgia rheumatica. Glucocorticoids are the cornerstone of the treatment of polymyalgia rheumatica, but they might be associated with different adverse events. A subgroup of patients presents with a refractory disease course and, in these cases, adding methotrexate as a steroid-sparing agent could be useful. In this review, we summarise the latest findings regarding the pathogenesis, diagnosis and management of polymyalgia rheumatica and try to highlight the possible pitfalls, especially in elderly patients.
Source: Drugs and Aging - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

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Source: Acta Chirurgica Belgica - Category: Surgery Tags: Acta Chir Belg Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research
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Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news
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Source: Techniques in Hand and Upper Extremity Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: Techniques Source Type: research
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Source: Techniques in Hand and Upper Extremity Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: Techniques Source Type: research
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Source: Techniques in Hand and Upper Extremity Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: Techniques Source Type: research
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Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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