Increased fluid intake for the prevention of urinary tract infection in adults and children in all settings: A systematic review

Publication date: Available online 23 August 2019Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): Oyebola Fasugba, Brett G. Mitchell, Elizabeth McInnes, Jane Koerner, Allen C. Cheng, Heilok Cheng, Sandy MiddletonSummaryBackgroundNon-antibiotic interventions for urinary tract infection (UTI) prevention have been investigated as a strategy to reduce antibiotic prescribing for UTI and subsequent antibiotic resistance. Increased hydration is widely advocated for preventing UTI; however, evidence for its effectiveness is unknown.AimTo systematically review the published literature on the effectiveness of increased fluid intake as a preventive intervention for UTI in adults and children in any setting.MethodsFive electronic databases were searched from inception to February 2019 to identify published randomized controlled trials (RCT) and quasi-experimental studies evaluating the effectiveness of high (≥1.5 litres/24 hours) versus normal/low (
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: The high frequency of multidrug-resistant ESBL-producing isolates should alert the regional health authorities to take measures to reduce the risk of outbreaks caused by these types of bacteria in the community. PMID: 31529852 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Biomedica Source Type: research
Conclusion: Our results show a substantial increase in the direct medical costs of patients with urinary tract infections caused by beta-lactam-resistant Gram-negative bacilli (cephalosporins and carbapenems). This situation is of particular concern in endemic countries such as Colombia, where the high frequencies of urinary tract infections and the resistance to beta-lactam antibiotics can generate a greater economic impact on the health sector. PMID: 31529847 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Biomedica Source Type: research
ConclusionsUse of antibiotics for more than 2 months in early adulthood and middle age is associated with higher risk for urinary stone disease in later life.
Source: American Journal of Kidney Diseases - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 September 2019Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery Case ReportsAuthor(s): Tiernan Connor Middleton, Dennis Drehner, Monica Epelman, Tamarah J. Westmoreland, Adela Casas-Melley, Pamela EllsworthAbstractRenal masses in the pediatric population carry a wide differential diagnosis; however, a careful history and physical can often elucidate the source. Infectious, benign, and malignant causes should all be considered in a patient presenting with a renal mass to mitigate risks of treatment options and safely ameliorate the patient's pathology. Pediatric renal masses are rare. Renal malignan...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
DiscussionPCOs measured in studies of mpMRI or MRI-guided biopsy thus far have mostly been physical outcomes, with some evidence that MRI tests are associated with less frequent adverse outcomes compared with transrectal ultrasound biopsy. There was very little evidence for the effect of mpMRI and MRI-guided biopsy on emotional, cognitive, social, or behavioral outcomes.
Source: Journal of the American College of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Conditions:   Urinary Tract Infections;   Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) Interventions:   Device: intravesical instillation with HA-CS;   Device: intravesical instillation of sterile purified water Sponsors:   University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland;   IBSA Institut Biochimique SA Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
This study aimed to determine the incidence, spectrum, and risk factors for major infections in hospitalized children with nephrotic syndrome. METHODS: All consecutive hospitalized children between 1-12 years of age with nephrotic syndrome were enrolled in the study. Children with acute nephritis, secondary nephrotic syndrome as well as those admitted for diagnostic renal biopsy and intravenous cyclophosphamide or rituximab infusion were excluded. RESULTS: A total of 148 children with 162 admissions were enrolled. Incidence of major infections in hospitalized children with nephrotic syndrome was 43.8%. Peritonitis ...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: J Bras Nefrol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 September 2019Source: American Journal of Infection ControlAuthor(s): Jyothi Manohar, Savannah Hatt, Brigette B. DeMarzo, Freida Blostein, Anna E.W. Cronenwett, Jianfeng Wu, Kyu Han Lee, Betsy FoxmanBackgroundUrinary catheterization, even of short duration, increases the risk of subsequent urinary tract infection (UTI). Whether the bacteria found on the surface of catheters placed for
Source: American Journal of Infection Control - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 September 2019Source: The Lancet Diabetes &EndocrinologyAuthor(s): Ildiko Lingvay, Andrei-Mircea Catarig, Juan P Frias, Harish Kumar, Nanna L Lausvig, Carel W le Roux, Desirée Thielke, Adie Viljoen, Rory J McCrimmonSummaryBackgroundExisting guidelines for management of type 2 diabetes recommend a patient-centred approach to guide the choice of pharmacological agents. Although glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists and sodium–glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors are increasingly used as second-line agents, direct comparisons between these treatments are...
Source: The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 September 2019Source: Revista Portuguesa de Cardiologia (English Edition)Author(s): Isabel Durães Campos, Ana Rita Marques, Luciana Sousa, Sara Fonseca, Cátia Oliveira, Catarina Vieira, Isabel Apolinário, Ilídio BrandãoAbstractAn 83-year-old woman with a 10-year history of rheumatoid arthritis was admitted for urinary tract infection with exacerbation of chronic kidney disease and decompensated heart failure of unknown etiology. Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) showed a vegetation involving the posterior mitral valve leaflet, and a hypothesis of...
Source: Revista Portuguesa de Cardiologia - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
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