Increased fluid intake for the prevention of urinary tract infection in adults and children in all settings: A systematic review

Publication date: Available online 23 August 2019Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): Oyebola Fasugba, Brett G. Mitchell, Elizabeth McInnes, Jane Koerner, Allen C. Cheng, Heilok Cheng, Sandy MiddletonSummaryBackgroundNon-antibiotic interventions for urinary tract infection (UTI) prevention have been investigated as a strategy to reduce antibiotic prescribing for UTI and subsequent antibiotic resistance. Increased hydration is widely advocated for preventing UTI; however, evidence for its effectiveness is unknown.AimTo systematically review the published literature on the effectiveness of increased fluid intake as a preventive intervention for UTI in adults and children in any setting.MethodsFive electronic databases were searched from inception to February 2019 to identify published randomized controlled trials (RCT) and quasi-experimental studies evaluating the effectiveness of high (≥1.5 litres/24 hours) versus normal/low (
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

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Background: Urinary catheter use in the peri- and post-operative phase following arthroplasty may be associated with urinary tract infection (UTI) and deep prosthetic joint infection (PJI). These can be catastrophic complications in joint arthroplasty. We performed a systematic review of the evidence on use of antibiotics for urinary catheter insertion and removal following arthroplasty.
Source: The Knee - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: 26 Source Type: research
by Nikos Fatsis-Kavalopoulos, Roderich Roemhild, Po-Cheng Tang, Johan Kreuger, Dan I. Andersson Antibiotic combination therapies are important for the efficient treatment of many types of infections, including those caused by antibiotic-resistant pathogens. Combination treatment strategies are typically used under the assumption that synergies are conserved across species and strains, even t hough recent results show that the combined treatment effect is determined by specific drug–strain interactions that can vary extensively and unpredictably, both between and within bacterial species. To address this problem, we ...
Source: PLoS Biology: Archived Table of Contents - Category: Biology Authors: Source Type: research
Kawasaki disease (KD) patients’ resistance to treatment with intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIG) places them at high risk for an unfavorable progression of the disease. In these patients, there has been little evidence that alternative treatments are effective. Nevertheless, biologicals such as an interleukin-1-receptor blocker and tumor-necrosis-factor-α inhibitors increasingly have been used. If the patient does not respond to one of these therapeutics, a combination of 2 biologicals might be an alternative, but this is not yet generally accepted due to the potentially increased risk of infection. Here we repo...
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Instructive Cases Source Type: research
We report on an 81-year-old female patient treated in our intensive care unit (ICU) with severe digitoxin intoxication, acute renal failure, and urinary tract infection (UTI). As physiological digitoxin elimination kinetics are known to appear slow, and also in regard to the renal failure, the decision was made to initiate continuous renal replacement therapy combined with CytoSorb hemoadsorption. The patient was hemodynamically stabilized within the first 4 h of treatment and initially required catecholamines to be stopped within 24 h of treatment. Pre- and post-adsorber drug level measurements showed a rapid elimination ...
Source: Blood Purification - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
Urinary tract infection is one of the most common bacterial infections in children. Understanding the characteristics of uropathogens and their antimicrobial susceptibility pattern in a particular setting can ...
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe current analysis showed ipragliflozin to be associated with significantly higher genital infection rates compared to placebo, whereas no significant difference was observed compared to the other adverse drug events in these patients with T2DM. In addition, hypoglycemia was also not significantly different following sensitivity analysis.
Source: Advances in Therapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Nitrofurantoin is a common treatment for urinary tract infections. Acute lung injury resulting from nitrofurantoin is a rare, life ‐threatening complication with women being at greater risk. Symptoms include respiratory distress with fevers, rash, eosinophilia, and new‐onset atrial fibrillation. Treatment includes discontinuing the drug and possibly glucocorticoids for persistent oxygen demand. AbstractNitrofurantoin is a common treatment for urinary tract infections. Acute lung injury resulting from nitrofurantoin is a rare, life ‐threatening complication with women being at greater risk. Symptoms include respirator...
Source: Clinical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research
Authors: Wu S, Rajeshkumar S, Madasamy M, Mahendran V Abstract The green approachable of metal nanoparticles is treated to be an eco-friendly path and cost-effectiveness. In this present study, nano copper was synthesized profitably by Cissus vitiginea. The synthesized nano copper was used to evaluate the antioxidant and antibacterial activity against urinary tract infections pathogens. The resulting constructed nanoparticles were characterized by using ultraviolet spectroscopy absorbance around 370 nm. Scanning electron microscopy results showed the distribution of nanoparticles and particles sizes are foun...
Source: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine and Biotechnology - Category: Biotechnology Tags: Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol Source Type: research
Shortly after the end of WWII, a British medical officer inspecting a military hospital in Germany observed a treatment for pressure injuries developed by Nazi doctors.  The officer’s name was Captain James Fulton Neil and his case report was published in the British Medical Journal along with a photograph of the unfortunate patient reproduced above.  The treatment employed suspension by wires drilled into pelvic bones, and I discovered Captain Neil’s article while researching the history of wound care. This post is a summary of my paper recently published in Advances in Skin &Wound Care that desc...
Source: Jeffrey M. Levine MD | Geriatric Specialist | Wound Care | Pressure Ulcers - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Tags: Featured Medical Articles Geriatric Medicine Pressure Injuries & Wound Care bedsore bedsores decubiti decubitus ulcer Jeff Levine MD Jeffrey M Levine MD medical history pressure sore pressure sores pressure ulcer pressure ulcers Source Type: blogs
Volume 48, Issue 1, December 2020, Page 1153-1158 .
Source: Artificial Cells, Blood Substitutes, and Biotechnology - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Source Type: research
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