Water springing to life the fungal desert
Publication date: Available online 23 February 2021Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): Inkster T, Weinbren M (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 24, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Long-term contamination of sink drains by carbapenemase-producing Enterobacterales in three intensive-care units: characteristics and transmission to patients
Publication date: Available online 23 February 2021Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): C. Lemarié, C. Legeay, R. Mahieu, F. Moal, C. Ramont, A. Kouatchet, M. Eveillard (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 24, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Do we see the Hawthorne effect in adherence of the general public to self-protection guidelines during the COVID-19 pandemic? A Danish observational study
Publication date: Available online 2 February 2021Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): B. Olesen, M. Bjerregaard Feldthaus (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 23, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

The hospital built environment – biofilm, biodiversity and bias
Publication date: Available online 22 February 2021Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): Weinbren M, Inkster T (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 23, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Duration of isolation and precautions in immunocompromised patients with COVID-19
Publication date: Available online 22 February 2021Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): Lucia Taramasso, Chiara Sepulcri, Malgorzata Mikulska, Laura Magnasco, Alessia Lai, Bianca Bruzzone, Chiara Dentone, Matteo Bassetti (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 23, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Global and national estimates of the number of healthcare workers at high risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection
Publication date: Available online 20 February 2021Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): Ciara V. McCarthy, Frank Sandmann, Mark Jit, Rosalind M. Eggo, Gwenan M. Knight, Stefan Flasche, Anna M. Foss, Petra Klepac, Yalda Jafari, Naomi R. Waterlow, Sophie R. Meakin, Jiayao Lei, C Julian Villabona-Arenas, Simon R. Procter, Sam Abbott, Sebastian Funk, Nikos I. Bosse, Kathleen O'Reilly, William Waites, Kaja Abbas (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 20, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Dismantling myths on the airborne transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2)
Publication date: April 2021Source: Journal of Hospital Infection, Volume 110Author(s): J.W. Tang, W.P. Bahnfleth, P.M. Bluyssen, G. Buonanno, J.L. Jimenez, J. Kurnitski, Y. Li, S. Miller, C. Sekhar, L. Morawska, L.C. Marr, A.K. Melikov, W.W. Nazaroff, P.V. Nielsen, R. Tellier, P. Wargocki, S.J. Dancer (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 20, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: March 2021Source: Journal of Hospital Infection, Volume 109Author(s): (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 18, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Re: Moore et al., Detection of SARS-CoV-2 within the healthcare environment: a multicentre study conducted during the first wave of the COVID-19 outbreak in England, Journal of Hospital Infection 2020;108:189–196
Publication date: March 2021Source: Journal of Hospital Infection, Volume 109Author(s): T. Robalo Nunes, M.-C. Zanella, S. Cordey, L. Kaiser, S. Harbarth (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 18, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Surgical site infections - guidance for elective surgery during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic - international recommendations and clinical experience
Publication date: Available online 15 February 2021Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): Assadian Ojan, Golling Markus, Krüger Colin M, Leaper David, Mutters Nico T, Roth Beat, Kramer Axel (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 16, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Pilot Study: Comparing the Quantitative Fit Testing Results of Half-Mask Respirators with Various Skin Barriers in a Crossover Study Design
Publication date: Available online 15 February 2021Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): Rajiv S. Trehan, Erin P. McDonnell, Jonathan V. McCoy, Pamela A. Ohman-Strickland, Colleen Donovan, Travis R. Quinoa, Daniel S. Morrison (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 16, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Comparison of forehand temperature screening with infrared thermometer and thermal imagine scanner
Publication date: Available online 13 February 2021Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): Giovanni Carpenè, Brandon Michael Henry, Camilla Mattiuzzi, Giuseppe Lippi (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 14, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Corrigendum to “Disinfection and cleaning of heater–cooler units: suspension- and biofilm-killing” [Journal of Hospital Infection 105 (2020) 552–557]
Publication date: Available online 12 February 2021Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): J.O. Falkinham (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 13, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Extensively drug-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae ST307 outbreak strain from north-eastern Germany does not show increased tolerance to quaternary ammonium compounds and chlorhexidine
Publication date: Available online 13 February 2021Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): Melanie Hornschuh, Paula Zwicker, Axel Kramer, Katharina Schaufler, Stefan E. Heiden, Jürgen A. Bohnert, Karsten Becker, Nils-Olaf Hübner (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 13, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Cross-sectional prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies in healthcare workers in paediatric facilities in eight countries
Publication date: April 2021Source: Journal of Hospital Infection, Volume 110Author(s): D. Goldblatt, M. Johnson, O. Falup-Pecurariu, I. Ivaskeviciene, V. Spoulou, E. Tamm, M. Wagner, H.J. Zar, L. Bleotu, R. Ivaskevicius, I. Papadatou, P. Jõgi, J. Lischka, Z. Franckling-Smith, D. Isarova, L. Grandjean, D. Zavadska (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 13, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Improved surveillance of surgical instruments reprocessing following the variant Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease crisis in England: findings from a three-year survey
Publication date: April 2021Source: Journal of Hospital Infection, Volume 110Author(s): R.C. Hervé, J. Hedges, C.W. Keevil (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 13, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Epidemiology of bloodstream infections in a Scottish haemodialysis population with focus on vascular access method
Publication date: April 2021Source: Journal of Hospital Infection, Volume 110Author(s): K. Crowe, B. White, N. Khanna, B. Cooke, D.B. Kingsmore, A. Jackson, K.S. Stevenson, R. Kasthuri, P.C. Thomson (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 13, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Outcomes of point-of-care testing for influenza in the emergency department of a tertiary referral hospital in Ireland
Publication date: April 2021Source: Journal of Hospital Infection, Volume 110Author(s): T.K. Teoh, J. Powell, J. Kelly, C. McDonnell, R. Whelan, N.H. O'Connell, C.P. Dunne (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 13, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Whole-genome sequencing analysis reveals the spread of a vanB-carrying transposon among different vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium clinical isolates in a non-endemic setting
Publication date: April 2021Source: Journal of Hospital Infection, Volume 110Author(s): R.H.T. Nijhuis, M.A. Chlebowicz-Fliss, A.E. Smilde, J.W.A. Rossen, A.J.L. Weersink, A.C.M. Gigengack-Baars (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 13, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Successful containment of two vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VRE) outbreaks in a Dutch teaching hospital using environmental sampling and whole genome sequencing
Publication date: Available online 11 February 2021Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): K.B. Gast, A.J.G. van Oudheusden, J.L. Murk, J.J.J.M. Stohr, A.G. Buiting, J.J. Verweij (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 12, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Improved method for tuberculocidal and mycobactericidal activity testing of disinfectants based on the European Standard 14348
Publication date: Available online 11 February 2021Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): F.H.H. Brill, J. Lenz, C. Lach, N. Radischat, L. Paßvogel, P. Goroncy-Bermes, H. Gabriel, J. Steinmann, K. Steinhauer (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 12, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Investigation of Serratia marcescens surgical site infection outbreak associated with peroperative ultrasonography probe
Publication date: Available online 12 February 2021Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): A. Géry, A. Mouet, F. Gravey, M. Fines-Guyon, F. Guerin, F. Ethuin, F. Borgey, J. Lubrano, S. Le Hello (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 12, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Risk Factors for the Environmental Spread of Different Multi-Drug-Resistant-Organisms (MDRO): A Prospective Cohort Study
Publication date: Available online 10 February 2021Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): Rindala Saliba, Théo Ghelfenstein-Ferreira, Alexandra Lomont, Benoît Pilmis, Etienne Carbonnelle, Delphine Seytre, Eliane Nasser Ayoub, Jean-Ralph Zahar, Dolla Karam Sarkis (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 11, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Serratia marcescens outbreak in a neonatal intensive care unit and the potential of whole-genome sequencing
Publication date: Available online 10 February 2021Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): Astrid Muyldermans, Florence Crombé, Petra Bosmans, Filip Cools, Denis Piérard, Ingrid Wybo (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 11, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Factors influencing antimicrobial prescription attitudes in bloodstream infections: susceptibility results and beyond. An exploratory survey
Publication date: Available online 11 February 2021Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): Anton-Vazquez Vanesa, Suarez Cristina, Sanjeev Krishna, Planche Timothy (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 11, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Comparison of the in vitro-efficacy of different mouthwash solutions targeting SARS-CoV-2 based on the European Standard EN 14476
Publication date: Available online 11 February 2021Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): Katrin Steinhauer, Toni Luise Meister, Daniel Todt, Adalbert Krawczyk, Lars Paßvogel, Britta Becker, Dajana Paulmann, Birte Bischoff, Stephanie Pfaender, Florian H.H. Brill, Eike Steinmann (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 11, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

MRSA improvement within a highly endemic hospital in Malta: infection control measures or clonal change?
Publication date: Available online 9 February 2021Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): Michael A. BORG, Stefan Monecke, Julie Haider, Elke Müller, Annett Reissig, Ralf Ehricht (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 10, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Decontamination of skin from SARS-CoV-2 with disinfectants active during and after application
Publication date: Available online 10 February 2021Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): Rafael K. Campos, Divya Mirchandani, Grace Rafael, Nehad Saada, Rebecca McMahon, Scott C. Weaver (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 10, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Gels from hand sanitizers may be deposited on inanimate surfaces: what is the effect on viral viability and transmission if these surfaces are subsequently contaminated with SARS-CoV-2?
Publication date: Available online 16 January 2021Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): E. Price (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 10, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Epidemiology of and risk factors for mortality due to carbapenemase-producing organisms (CPO) in healthcare facilities
Publication date: Available online 8 February 2021Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): Shengyuan Zhao, Sharon Kennedy, Meghan R. Perry, Julie Wilson, Margo Chase-Topping, Eleanor Anderson, Mark E.J. Woolhouse, Michael Lockhart (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 10, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 among healthcare workers and patients in a teaching hospital in the Netherlands confirmed by whole genome sequencing
Publication date: Available online 8 February 2021Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): S. Paltansing, R.S. Sikkema, S.J.de Man, M.P.G. Koopmans, B.B. Oude Munnink, P.de Man (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 10, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Spatiotemporal Characteristics and Factor Analysis of SARS-CoV-2 Infections among Healthcare Workers in Wuhan, China
Publication date: Available online 6 February 2021Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): Peixiao Wang, Hui Ren, Xinyan Zhu, Xiaokang Fu, Hongqiang Liu, Tao Hu (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 7, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Clinical characteristics and risk factors for the isolation of multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria from critically ill patients with Coronavirus Disease 2019
Publication date: Available online 6 February 2021Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): Anas Baiou, Abdurrahman A. Elbuzidi, Dana Bakdach, Ahmed Zaqout, Khalid M. Alarbi, Awadh A. Bintaher, Maisa M.B. Ali, Anam M. Elarabi, Gawahir A.M. Ali, Joanne Daghfal, Muna A. Almaslamani, Abdul Salam S. Ibrahim, Abdullatif Alkhal, Ali S. Omrani (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 7, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Comparison of droplet spread in standard and laminar flow operating theatres: SPRAY study group.
Publication date: Available online 4 February 2021Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): Richard Newsom, Adam Amara, Alexander Hicks, Matthew Quint, Chris Pattison, Bryan R. Bzdek, James Burridge, Coleman Krawczyk, James Dinsmore, Joy Conway. (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 5, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Flexible GI Endoscope processing Challenges, current issues and future perspectives
Publication date: Available online 5 February 2021Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): Navid Omidbakhsh, Shresha Manohar, Roger Vu, Keyvan Nowruzi (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 5, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Predictors of Potentially Suboptimal Treatment of Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) in Long-Term Care Facilities
Publication date: Available online 5 February 2021Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): Haley J. Appaneal, Aisling R. Caffrey, Vrishali V. Lopes, Vincent Mor, David M. Dosa, Kerry L. LaPlante, Theresa I. Shireman (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 5, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Healthcare resource use in hospitalized patients with carbapenem-resistant Gram-negative infections
Publication date: April 2021Source: Journal of Hospital Infection, Volume 110Author(s): B. Merrick, M.K.I. Tan, K. Bisnauthsing, S.D. Goldenberg (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 5, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Weak organic acid synergy towards the prevention of catheter blockages
Publication date: Available online 3 February 2021Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): Jane Burns, Colin P. McCoy, Nicola J. Irwin (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 4, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Synergistic activity of weak organic acids against uropathogens
Publication date: Available online 3 February 2021Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): Jane Burns, Colin P. McCoy, Nicola J. Irwin (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 4, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

The accuracy of fully-automated algorithms for surveillance of healthcare-associated urinary tract infections in hospitalized patients
Publication date: Available online 3 February 2021Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): Suzanne Desirée van der Werff, Emil Thiman, Hideyuki Tanushi, John Karlsson Valik, Aron Henriksson, Mahbub Ul Alam, Hercules Dalianis, Anders Ternhag, Pontus Nauclér (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 4, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Do we see the Hawthorne effect on adherence of the general public to self-protection guidelines during COVID-19 pandemic? A Danish observational study.
Publication date: Available online 2 February 2021Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): Bente Olesen, Marie Bjerregaard Feldthaus (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 2, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Integrating rapid diagnostics in Gram-negative bloodstream infections of patients colonized by carbapenemase-producing Enterobacterales
Publication date: Available online 2 February 2021Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): G. Bianco, M. Boattini, M. Iannaccone, L. Pastrone, A. Bondi, M. Peradotto, R. Cavallo, C. Costa (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 2, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Diagnostic accuracy and utility of SARS-CoV-2 antigen lateral flow assays in medical admissions with possible COVID-19
Publication date: Available online 1 February 2021Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): Hamish Houston, Ankur Gupta-Wright, Edward Toke-Bjolgerud, James Biggin-Lamming, Laurence John (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 1, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection in augmented care: the molecular ecology and transmission dynamics in four large UK hospitals
Publication date: Available online 1 February 2021Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): Fenella D. Halstead, Joshua Quick, Marc O. Niebel, Mark Garvey, Nicola Cumley, Robin Smith, Timothy Neal, Paul Roberts, Katie Hardy, Sahida Shabir, James T. Walker, Peter Hawkey, Nicholas J. Loman (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 1, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Healthcare-associated infections and the prescribing of antibiotics in hospitalized patients of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) States: a mixed-methods systematic review
Publication date: Available online 30 January 2021Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): Tansy Wade, Carl Heneghan, Nia Roberts, Denice Curtis, Veronika Williams, Igho Onakpoya (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - January 31, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

The effect of skin antiseptic solutions on the incidence of catheter-related bloodstream infection: a systematic review and network meta-analysis
Publication date: Available online 30 January 2021Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): Tomoyuki Masuyama, Hideto Yasuda, Masamitsu Sanui, Alan Kawarai Lefor (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - January 31, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Nosocomial influenza in south-western Swiss hospitals during two seasonal epidemics: an observational study
Publication date: March 2021Source: Journal of Hospital Infection, Volume 109Author(s): L. Qalla-Widmer, D. Héquet, N. Troillet, C. Petignat, C. Balmelli, C. Bassi, C. Bellini, J.-P. Chave, A. Cometta, L. Christin, O. Clerc, O. Daher, U. Fuehrer, O. Marchetti, L. Merz, V. Portillo, G. Pralong, L. Sandoz, L. Senn, F. Tâche (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - January 31, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

SARS-CoV-2 viability on different surfaces after gaseous ozone treatment: a preliminary evaluation
Publication date: Available online 28 January 2021Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): E. Percivalle, M. Clerici, I. Cassaniti, E. Vecchio Nepita, P. Marchese, D. Olivati, C. Catelli, A. Berri, F. Baldanti, P. Marone, R. Bruno, A. Triarico, P. Lago (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - January 29, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Time-dependent bacterial air contamination of sterile fields in a controlled operating room environment: an experimental intervention study
Publication date: Available online 28 January 2021Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): Camilla Wistrand, Bo Söderquist, Ann-Sofie Sundqvist (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - January 29, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Surgical Wound Infection Prevention using Topical Negative Pressure Therapy on Closed Abdominal Incisions – The “SWIPE IT” Randomised Clinical Trial
Publication date: Available online 28 January 2021Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): Angelina Marina Di Re, Danette Wright, James Wei Tatt Toh, Toufic El-Khoury, Nimalan Pathma-nathan, Martijn Pieter Gosselink, Sukhwant Khanijaun, Sudarsanam Raman, Grahame Ctercteko (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - January 29, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research