Cost-Effectiveness Analysis for Influenza Vaccination Coverage and Timing in Tropical and Subtropical Climate Settings: A Modeling Study

The lack of seasonality in influenza epidemics in the tropics makes the application of well-established temperate zone national vaccination plans challenging.
Source: Value in Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: This analysis confirms the importance of the virological surveillance and highlights the need of a continuous monitoring of IVs circulation, to improve the most appropriate vaccination strategies. (www.actabiomedica.it). PMID: 31517888 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Acta Bio-Medica : Atenei Parmensis - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Acta Biomed Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The possibility to make accurate and continuous VE estimates during the season will help to better define the composition of the vaccine for the following season. PMID: 31517886 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Acta Bio-Medica : Atenei Parmensis - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Acta Biomed Source Type: research
by Alexander D. Becker, Amy Wesolowski, Ottar N. Bj ørnstad, Bryan T. Grenfell A key question in ecology is the relative impact of internal nonlinear dynamics and external perturbations on the long-term trajectories of natural systems. Measles has been analyzed extensively as a paradigm for consumer-resource dynamics due to the oscillatory nature of the host-pathogen life cy cle, the abundance of rich data to test theory, and public health relevance. The dynamics of measles in London, in particular, has acted as a prototypical test bed for such analysis using incidence data from the pre-vaccination era (1944–...
Source: PLoS Computational Biology - Category: Biology Authors: Source Type: research
Discussion With continued exposure to respiratory pathogens and the emergence of novel respiratory pathogens, personal protective equipment (PPE) and procedures are important for decreasing occupational exposure to respiratory pathogens. PPE and procedures are particularly important when anti-infective treatments or vaccination are unavailable or have limited effectiveness. Medical masks are “[a]lso known as a surgical or procedure mask. As personal protective equipment, a facial mask is intended to protect caregivers and health-care workers against droplet-transmitted pathogens, or to serve as part of facial protect...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
Conclusions: A large HAdV outbreak is currently ongoing in the Korean military, with a trend away from seasonality, and HAdV-55 is likely the predominant strain. Persistent efforts to control the outbreak, HAdV type-specific surveillance, and vaccine development are required. PMID: 31480827 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Korean J Intern Med Source Type: research
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Source: Human Vaccines and Immunotherapeutics - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 23 August 2019Source: Journal of Theoretical BiologyAuthor(s): Amir Hossein Amiri Mehra, Iman Zamani, Zohreh Abbasi, Asier IbeasAbstractThis paper presents a new Susceptible, Exposed, Infected, Asymptomatic, and Recovered individuals (SEIAR) model for influenza considering a dynamic population. In the given model, the possibility of transmission of asymptomatic individuals (infectious with no visible symptoms) to infected individuals (infectious exhibiting symptoms) is considered. The basic reproduction number and the equilibrium points of the new model are given while the stability of th...
Source: Journal of Theoretical Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Berenice PM, Rogelio PP Abstract Biennial H1N1pdm09 influenza A virus (IAV) epidemics have been associated with major severity of respiratory disease in Mexico. Atypically and in contrast with what happened in USA, Canada and Europe during 2017, an increase of infections due to the H1N1pdm09 pandemic virus instead of H3N2 was observed. In order to determine the viral contribution to severe acute respiratory disease, we characterized the pathogenicity determinants of IAV in Mexico during the 2015-2016 and 2016-2017 seasons. The RNA segments of 20 IAV samples were sequenced by NGS platform and phylogenetic analysis ...
Source: Virus Research - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Virus Res Source Type: research
This report aim to explore the mid-term virologic surveillance data of the 2018-2019 influenza season in Sicily and to estimate the effectiveness of seasonal influenza vaccine (VE) against A(H1N1)pdm09 and A(H3N2) influenza viruses. A test-negative design was used to evaluate influenza VE. In Sicily, almost all influenza infections were sustained by influenza type A viruses, of which 62.3% were A(H3N2) and 36.3% A(H1N1)pdm09. A reduction of laboratory confirmed influenza cases in Sicilian population immunized against influenza were observed. In particular, an overall significant protective values were observed for any infl...
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
AbstractWinter flu is an epidemic infectious disease which sometimes causes serious complications in vulnerable people treated in general practice. Currently, the most effective means of prevention is influenza vaccination, which is recommended for healthcare professionals, including general medicine interns. The target of 75% coverage set by WHO for healthcare professional is rarely reached. Our survey provides an assessment of reported influenza vaccination of general medicine interns (GMI) and evaluates factors influencing their vaccination status. A cross-sectional survey was conducted from 27 September to 2 November 2...
Source: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
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