Brachial plexus block as a part of balanced anesthesia in a jungle cat ( Felis chaus ) undergoing forelimb orthopedic surgery

AbstractAn adult male jungle cat (Felis chaus) weighing 6  kg with the history of inability to bearing weight on its left forelimb was presented. Physical examination and radiography revealed transverse radio-ulna fracture and carpal subluxation. Internal fixation with plate was chosen for treatment. On the day of surgery, anesthesia was induced with intr amuscular ketamine (10 mg/kg) and midazolam (0.3 mg/kg). Brachial plexus block (BPB) was performed using lidocaine (3 mg/kg) and bupivacaine (0.75 mg/kg) mixture guided by an electrical nerve stimulator. During the surgery, anesthesia was maintained with isoflurane 0.5–1% in 100% oxygen. Heart rate, respiratory rate, rectal temperature, hemoglobin oxygen saturation, and end-tidal carbon dioxide tension remained stable during surgical procedure. The outcome of the present case suggests that combination of BPB and general anesthesia can be used to provide balanced anesthesia in wild felids . Reducing the isoflurane requirement and providing sufficient anti-nociception during surgery without any adverse effect are the main advantages of this protocol.
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - Category: Pathology Source Type: research

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ConclusionsOur results show an initial advantage of the DAA group regarding functional recovery and pain that enabled shorter hospitalization time. This difference equalled out over two months following the procedure. Likewise, we detected a greater complication rate in the DAA group using standard cementless stems.ResumenObjetivoRealizar una comparación funcional y radiográfica de los resultados iniciales obtenidos con la utilización de los abordajes anterior directo y posterolateral en artroplastia total de cadera.Material y métodoEstudio longitudinal prospectivo multicéntrico en 80 pac...
Source: Revista Espanola de Cirugia Ortopedica y Traumatologia - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 3 September 2019Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Medicine, and PathologyAuthor(s): Takashi Maehara, Yuka Murakami, Shintaro Kawano, Yurie Mikami, Tamotsu Kiyoshima, Toru Chikui, Noriko Kakizoe, Ryusuke Munemura, Seiji NakamuraAbstractOsteoid osteoma is a benign bone-forming tumor and characterized by its limited growth potential, not exceeding 2 cm. The radiological hallmark of this tumor is a nidus, which is a small round area of relative radiolucency. Osteoid osteoma can involve any bone but is most commonly found in long bones and is extremely rare in the head ...
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Medicine, and Pathology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
ConclusionThe combination of CBCT and this transalveolar approach using a modified flexible suction catheter should be considered in all cases where roots are to be retrieved from the maxillary sinus to reduce surgical morbidity.
Source: Oral Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Rationale: Retropharyngeal hematoma (RH) is an infrequent but potentially life-threatening complication of anterior cervical spine surgeries (ACSS). Challenging situations might be confronted and catastrophic events or even deaths still occurred occasionally during the treatment. Currently, no widely accepted protocol has been developed. Patient concerns: A 55 years old male underwent ACSS due to cervical myelopathy. Thirty-three hours after surgery the patient presented cervical swelling and obstructive dysphagia. Conservative treatment resulted in no recovery and cervical swelling progressed. Diagnoses: Emergent ...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
Conclusions: This study demonstrates no differences in 6-week clinical or radiographic outcomes between patients undergoing primary TKA on single versus overlapping OR days. These results support the safe practice of overlapping surgical scheduling in high-volume primary TKA centers.Level of Evidence: III. PMID: 31413671 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Iowa orthopaedic journal - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Iowa Orthop J Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeThe purpose of this study is to compare clinical patient-reported outcomes and radiographic sagittal parameters between obese and non-obese patients following open posterior lumbar spine fusion (PLSF).MethodsA retrospective cohort study was conducted for patients who underwent open PLSF from 2011 to 2018. Patients were classified as obese as per Center for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines if their body mass index (BMI)  ≥ 30 kg/m2. Preoperative and final visual analog scale (VAS) back pain, VAS leg pain, and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) were obtained for both obese and non-o...
Source: European Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) consists of acute hypoxemic respiratory failure characterized by massive and heterogeneously distributed loss of lung aeration caused by diffuse inflammation and edema present in interstitial and alveolar spaces. It is defined by consensus criteria, which include diffuse infiltrates on chest imaging —either plain radiography or computed tomography. This review will summarize how imaging sciences can inform modern respiratory management of ARDS and continue to increase the understanding of the acutely injured lung. This review also describes newer imaging methodologies that a...
Source: Anesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
ConclusionThe surgeons agree with the statement that success in the preventing reankylosis after TMJ gap arthroplasty. Its primarily refers to the early postoperative physiotherapy, maintained on a long term.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
CONCLUSION Compared with sCPIS, LUS-sCPIS improved diagnostic accuracy in the detection of postoperative pneumonia in patients with acute respiratory failure after cardiac surgery. It could be a useful bedside tool to guide pneumonia management. TRIAL REGISTRATION Clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT03279887.
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Diagnostic and prediction Source Type: research
Toe jam injuries are extremely painful because the feet have sensitive parts and a delicate anatomy. Patients, especially women, care about cosmetic results. EPs should consider the emergency concerns of foot wound closure and cosmetic results when attempting repair. More importantly, patients with neuropathies, diabetes, and vascular diseases warrant close attention to detail to prevent complications. High-risk patients can develop serious infections, which could result in the loss of a toe or limb. It might be excessive to call a plastic surgeon to consult on a foot wound, but it may be appropriate to consult podiatry or...
Source: The Procedural Pause - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Blog Posts Source Type: blogs
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