Adult Living Donor Versus Deceased Donor Liver Transplant (LDLT Versus DDLT) at a Single Center: Time to Change Our Paradigm for Liver Transplant

Objective: The aim of this study was to compare outcomes between living donor liver transplant (LDLT) and deceased donor liver transplant (DDLT) at a single center to demonstrate the advantages of LDLT and provide justification for the increased utilization and application of this procedure. Summary of Background Data: LDLT comprises a very small percentage of all liver transplants performed in the United States, this despite its advantages and a shortage of the availability of deceased donor organs. Methods: A retrospective review of all adult LDLT (n = 245) and DDLT (n = 592) performed at a single center over 10 years (2009–2019), comparing survival outcomes by Kaplan-Meier analysis and comparing other measures of outcome such as recovery times, complications, costs, and resource utilization. Results: Patient survival outcomes were superior in LDLT recipients (3-year 86% vs 80%, P = 0.03). Other outcomes demonstrated shorter length of hospital stay (11 vs 13 days, P = 0.03), less likelihood of intraoperative blood transfusion (52% vs 78%, P
Source: Annals of Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: PAPERS OF THE 139TH ASA ANNUAL MEETING Source Type: research

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Abstract A new-onset acute kidney injury (AKI) after arthroplasty impairs rehabilitation and outcome. A prior knowledge of risk factors contributes to a planned preventive management and prognostication. Although many studies have addressed the issue, our objective was to perform a meta-analysis to bring a consensus on the perioperative risk factors promoting AKI postoperatively. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies reporting risk factors with odds of development of AKI according to the existing criteria after hip or knee replacement surgery. We searched the PubMed and Google...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research
RARITAN, NJ, June 13, 2020 – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson &Johnson announced today results from the first randomized Phase 3 study investigating subcutaneous daratumumab[i] in the treatment of patients with newly diagnosed light chain (AL) amyloidosis, a rare and potentially fatal disease.[1],[2] The data demonstrated subcutaneous daratumumab in combination with cyclophosphamide, bortezomib, and dexamethasone (D-CyBorD) resulted in a higher hematologic complete response rate (CR), (53 percent vs. 18 percent [P
Source: Johnson and Johnson - Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Innovation Source Type: news
In conclusion, this long-term “real-life” study confirms that low cardiac T2* adversely impacts the overall survival in patients with TM. Higher baseline LIC predicts a larger reduction in LIC, and lower baseline cardiac T2* predicts a larger improvemen t in T2*.
Source: Annals of Hematology - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
Conditions:   Transfusion Related Complication;   Liver Transplant Interventions:   Biological: Donor Blood;   Biological: Banked Blood Sponsor:   Vanderbilt University Medical Center Not yet recruiting
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Orthotopic liver transplantation is a life-saving procedure for patients with end-stage liver failure. However,Acinetobacter baumannii infections and acute rejection are important causes of morbidity and mortality following transplants. Here we present a case report of a cadaveric donor liver transplantation with infectious complications detected after transplantation.The patient was a 64-year-old female. Because of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis due to hepatic insufficiency (model for end-stage liver disease (MELD): 12; Child-Pugh: 9B), liver transplantation from a cadaveric donor was performed. Following the transplantati...
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
We report the second case of deceased donor liver transplantation in a patient co-infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) in Japan. A 48- year-old patient with hemophilia A was infected with HIV and HCV through a contaminated factor VIII concentrate in his childhood and developed cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. The patient was on the transplant list for a deceased donor liver. The patient had broad spectrum anti-HLA class I and II antibodies, which may have been due to repeated whole blood transfusions in the past. Catastrophic coagulopathy during the surgery was predicted becau...
Source: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Jpn J Infect Dis Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Despite known use of antibody screening (AS), it has not been adopted uniformly across blood centers in India. Many centers in India are currently using a type and hold policy with subsequent antihuman globulin (AHG) crossmatch when blood units are requested. The main aim of this study was to assess the benefits of a type and screen (TS) policy in which blood grouping and AS are performed simultaneously during the first hospital visit. If the AS is negative, subsequent requests for blood units would require an immediate spin test (IST) crossmatch with release of blood units, followed by an AHG crossmatch. This...
Source: Immunohematology - Category: Hematology Tags: Immunohematology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Selected patients with isolated pulmonary HCC-recurrence after LT and with preserved hepatic function showed that a pulmonary metastasectomy could be efficacious in managing a PM-HCC and could give an opportunity for long-term survival.
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Source: Indian Journal of Hematology and Blood Transfusion - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
This study evaluates the impact of Mg sulfate on the coagulation parameters of the rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM) in patients about to undergo OLT. In this randomized clinical trial, 60 patients who were going to undergo OLT were randomly allocated into two groups. In the Mg group, the patients received a 1.5  g infusion of Mg 5 min before the surgical incision. In the control group, patients received a physiological saline instead of Mg. Plasma Mg levels before and after the infusions were measured in both groups. Also, three ROTEM tests: EXTEM, INTEM and FIBTEM were performed before and after the inf usi...
Source: Indian Journal of Hematology and Blood Transfusion - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
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