Quantitative Assessment of Hand Spasticity After Stroke: Imaging Correlates and Impact on Motor Recovery

Conclusion: Severe hand spasticity early after stroke is negatively associated with hand motor recovery and positively associated with the development of secondary complications. Corticospinal tract damage predicts development of spasticity. Early quantitative hand spasticity measurement may have potential to predict motor recovery and could guide targeted rehabilitation interventions after stroke.
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research

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Not all headache disorders are the same. An excruciating, sudden-onset headache known as thunderclap headache (TCH) is a medical emergency, very different from more common headache disorders such as migraine and tension headache. If you develop TCH, you should call 911 or immediately go to the closest hospital. TCH is associated with a variety of causes, ranging from benign to potentially fatal. Urgent evaluation in an emergency setting is needed to quickly identify and treat any underlying condition. Diagnosing and treating secondary thunderclap headache When you arrive at the hospital, the medical team will want to confi...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Headache Health Source Type: blogs
Conclusions: Acupuncture therapy seems effective for motor function, pain relief and activities of daily living in stroke patients with mild SHS, when it is used in combination with rehabilitation. The low certainty of evidence downgrades our confidence in making recommendations to clinical practice. Introduction Shoulder-hand syndrome (SHS) is a common condition among people who have had a stroke, with its reported prevalence ranging from 12% to 49% (1, 2). The main symptoms of SHS include pain, hyperalgesia, joint swelling and limitations in range of motion (ROM) (3). Post-stroke SHS is also named type I complex ...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
In this study, we assessed the relationship of ΔHR (difference between resting HR and HRt) and recovery from SRC. Using a retrospective cohort design, we compared acutely (30 days) in RG (p = 0.01) and PG (p = 0.04). A ΔHR of ≤50 bpm on the BCTT is 73% sensitive and 78% specific for predicting prolonged recovery in concussed adolescents who were prescribed the current standard of care (i.e., cognitive and physical rest). Introduction Sport-related concussion (SRC), a type of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), is a significant public health concern (1, 2). Concussion is defined as reversible neurolog...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Joong-Goo Kim1,2, Han-Bin Lee2 and Sang-Beom Jeon2* 1Department of Neurology, Jeju National University Hospital, Jeju, South Korea 2Department of Neurology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea Objectives: The use of dexmedetomidine and ketamine (DEX–KET) combination for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sedation has not been evaluated. We investigated the efficacy and safety of DEX–KET for sedation of patients undergoing MRI of the brain. Methods: This quasi-experimental study was conducted to compare the DEX–KET combination and midazolam for MRI sed...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusion The m.10191T>C mutation in the mtDNA of the complex I (CI) subunit of MTND3 results in the substitution of a highly conserved amino acid (p.Ser45Pro) within the ND3 protein, leading to CI dysfunction through impaired enzyme catalysis rather than impaired stability or assembly, causing a broad clinical spectrum of disorders (26). Patients with the m.10191T>C mutation are rare. In the present study, we report on a family of patients with the extremely rare adult-onset Leigh-like syndrome with the m.10191T>C mutation. Including the two patients from our reported family, the m.10191T>C mutation has bee...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusion The aim of this paper was to examine whether military tDCS use can be efficacious and ethical in military settings. Our assessment is that tDCS offers a number of cognitive, motor, and perceptual enhancement opportunities which could provide value in military situations like training and operations. There is potential scope for use in a number of key areas that directly affect practical battlefield advantage and survivability, such as deceptive capabilities, risk-taking, threat detection, perception, and physiological improvement. Additionally, tDCS has the potential to improve command and control decision maki...
Source: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Light-Induced Pupillary Responses in Alzheimer's Disease Pratik S. Chougule1, Raymond P. Najjar1,2, Maxwell T. Finkelstein1, Nagaendran Kandiah3,4 and Dan Milea1,2,5* 1Department of Visual Neurosciences, Singapore Eye Research Institute, Singapore, Singapore 2The Ophthalmology &Visual Sciences ACP, Duke-National University of Singapore (NUS) Medical School, Singapore, Singapore 3Department of Neurology, National Neuroscience Institute, Singapore, Singapore 4Duke-National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore, Singapore 5Singapore National Eye Centre, Singapore, Singapore The impact of Alzheimer&...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
A 48-year-old woman spontaneously developed occipital pain, without any other neurological deficit. A brain magnetic resonance angiography showed narrowing, irregular dilatation, and aneurysmal formation in both the vertebral arteries (VA). According to these findings and the clinical course, we diagnosed the patient with spontaneous VA dissection. There was no finding suggesting cerebral infarction or subarachnoid hemorrhage. Three-dimensional T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging performed 27days after first onset of headache revealed a crescent-shaped high-intensity lesion in both the VA walls.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewHere, we describe the four primary imaging modalities for identification of carotid artery dissection, advantages, limitations, and clinical considerations. In addition, imaging characteristics of carotid dissection associated with each modality will be described.Recent FindingsRecent advances in etiopathogenesis describe the genetic factors implicated in cervical artery dissection. MRI/MRA (magnetic resonance angiography) with fat suppression is regarded as the best initial screening test to detect dissection. Advances in magnetic resonance imaging for the diagnosis of dissection include the use o...
Source: Current Pain and Headache Reports - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Rationale: Left atrial myxoma is a common primary cardiac tumor, however, due to poor image quality or atypical myxoma images, it is often misdiagnosed by echocardiograph. A case of left atrial myxoma being misdiagnosed as a thrombus, which successively caused acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and stroke, is very rare. Contrast-enhanced echocardiography can play an important role in definitive diagnosis. Patient concerns: A 44-year-old woman was diagnosed AMI because of chest pain with no significant stenosis in the coronary arteries. One month later, the patient was suddenly found unconscious, magnetic resonance imag...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
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