BK polyomavirus is a cause of bladder cancer

Publication date: December 2019Source: Current Opinion in Virology, Volume 39Author(s): Gabriel J Starrett, Christopher B BuckIn 2014, the International Agency for Research on Cancer judged Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCPyV) to be a probable human carcinogen. BK polyomavirus (BKPyV, a distant cousin of MCPyV) was ruled a possible carcinogen. In this review, we argue that it has recently become reasonable to view both of these viruses as known human carcinogens. In particular, several complementary lines of evidence support a causal role for BKPyV in the development of bladder carcinomas affecting organ transplant patients. The expansion of inexpensive deep sequencing has opened new approaches to investigating the important question of whether BKPyV causes urinary tract cancers in the general population.Graphical abstract
Source: Current Opinion in Virology - Category: Virology Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: This first randomized resistance training trial in pancreatic cancer patients indicated clinically relevant improve- ments in QoL after 3 but not after 6 months. Given the severity of pancreatic cancer, exercise recommendations may already commence at surgery. PMID: 31431236 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research
In conclusion, the PRPF4 gene plays an important role in the growth of breast cancer cells and is therefore a potential therapeutic target.
Source: Molecular and Cellular Probes - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: 15 December 2019Source: Journal of Molecular Structure, Volume 1198Author(s): Lei Wang, Gui-Bin XueAbstractSolvothermal reactions of 1, 3, 5-tris (4-carboxyphenyl)-benzene (H3BTB) with Gd(NO3)·6H2O gave rise to a new highly porous coordination polymer {[Gd(BTB)(H2O)](DMF)(H2O)}n (1) having three dimensional structure. In light of its highly rigid framework as well as the large one-dimensional triangular channel configuration that has abundant open metal sites, we can utilize the resulting activated 1a as effective Lewis catalysts for the acetaldehyde's cyanosilylation at room temperature. The compa...
Source: Journal of Molecular Structure - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: 15 December 2019Source: Journal of Molecular Structure, Volume 1198Author(s): Liji John, Arish Dasan, R. Selwin Joseyphus, I. Hubert JoeAbstractCo(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes of Schiff base ligand (thio-L-his) derived from thiophene-2-carboxaldehyde (thio) with l-histidine (L-his) were synthesised. The thio-L-his and its metal complexes have been optimized and quantum chemical parameters are calculated using density functional theory. Despite several donor sites in the synthesised thio-L-his, the coordination with metal ion occurred through azomethine nitrogen and carboxylate oxygen as eviden...
Source: Journal of Molecular Structure - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 August 2019Source: Journal of Molecular LiquidsAuthor(s): Sadegh Farhadian, Behzad Shareghi, Farhang Tirgir, Somayeh Reiisi, Neda Gholamian Dehkordi, Lida Momeni, Ehsan HeidariAbstractOver the past decades, anti-cancer drugs consist of cytotoxic drugs have been interested and developed. Despite the great advances in chemotherapy, there is still no certain medical treatment for cancer. During this investigation, a novel 2,5-diketopiperazine derivative 3(R),6(S)-bis (4-hydroxy phenyl)-piperazine-2,5-dione: (BHPPD) was designed, synthesized, and evaluated. The effects on intestinal protea...
Source: Journal of Molecular Liquids - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
In this study, we performed RNA-sequencing analysis of MCF10A cells and identified 1166 genes that were upregulated and 861 genes that were downregulated by TGF-β. Gene set enrichment analysis revealed that focal adhesion and metabolic pathways were the top enriched pathways of the up- and downregulated genes, respectively. Genes in these pathways also possess significant predictive value for renal cancers. Moreover, we confirmed that TGF-β induced expression of MICAL1 and 2, and the histone demethylase, KDM7A, and revealed their regulatory roles on TGF-β-induced cell migration. We also show a critical effec...
Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) Molecular Basis of Disease - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: December 2019Source: Current Opinion in Virology, Volume 39Author(s): Gabriel J Starrett, Christopher B BuckIn 2014, the International Agency for Research on Cancer judged Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCPyV) to be a probable human carcinogen. BK polyomavirus (BKPyV, a distant cousin of MCPyV) was ruled a possible carcinogen. In this review, we argue that it has recently become reasonable to view both of these viruses as known human carcinogens. In particular, several complementary lines of evidence support a causal role for BKPyV in the development of bladder carcinomas affecting organ transplant patients. T...
Source: Current Opinion in Virology - Category: Virology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Our study did not find any evidence that BKPyV, KIPyV, WUPyV or HPyV9 are associated with bladder and renal tumours.Pathobiology 2016;83:252-257
Source: Pathobiology - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
The clinical development program for avelumab now includes more than 1,400 patients who have been treated across more than 15 tumor types, including breast cancer, gastric/gastro-esophageal (GEJ) cancers, head and neck cancer, Merkel cell carcinoma, melanoma, NSCLC, ovarian cancer, renal cell carcinoma and urothelial (e.g., bladder) cancer.11/05/2015
Source: Kidney Cancer Association - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: news
Abstract Small cell carcinoma (SmCC) is a distinct clinicopathological entity first described in the lung. It represents approximately 15% of all bronchogenic carcinoma. Extrapulmonary small cell carcinoma (EPSmCC) morphologically indistinguishable from small cell lung cancer (SCLC) was first reported in 1930. Since its first description, EPSmCC has been reported in virtually all anatomical sites, including: gynecologic organs (ovary and cervix); genitourinary organs (urinary bladder and prostate); the gastrointestinal tract (esophagus); skin (Merkel cell carcinoma) and head and neck region. Regardless of the ana...
Source: Experimental Hematology and Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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