Anti-epileptic effect of 16-O-acetyldigitoxigenin via suppressing mTOR signaling pathway.

Anti-epileptic effect of 16-O-acetyldigitoxigenin via suppressing mTOR signaling pathway. Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand). 2019 Jun 30;65(5):59-63 Authors: Tu W, Qian S Abstract Epilepsy is a common chronic disease of the central nervous system that can last for years or even decades, causing serious adverse effects on the body, mind, and psychology of patients. Traditional antiepileptic drugs can effectively control seizures, but because of large individual differences, serious adverse reactions, narrow therapeutic window and other shortcomings, more effective, new treatment drugs are looked for. Streptocaulon griffithii is a plant of Asclepiadaceae. 16-O-acetyldigitoxigenin (ACE) is a strong cardiac glycoside isolated from methanol extract of Streptocaulon griffithii. The aim of this study was to investigate the antiepileptic effect of ACE on Pilocarpine (Pilo) induced epilepsy in mice, and to explore the effect of mTOR signaling pathway on its antiepileptic effect. The results showed that ACE had antiepileptic and neuroprotective effects on Pilo induced epilepsy mice. ACE attenuates Pilo induced seizures by inhibiting the activation of p-mTOR/p-70S6K pathway, and inhibits Pilocarpine induced brain damage by inhibiting mTOR signaling pathway. These results suggest that ACE has a promising future in the treatment of epilepsy and other nervous system diseases. PMID: 31304908 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 24 August 2019Source: Progress in NeurobiologyAuthor(s): Ying Yu, Davis T. Nguyen, Jianxiong JiangAbstractAs the largest family of membrane proteins in the human genome, G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) constitute the targets of more than one-third of all modern medicinal drugs. In the central nervous system (CNS), widely distributed GPCRs in neuronal and nonneuronal cells mediate numerous essential physiological functions via regulating neurotransmission at the synapses. Whereas their abnormalities in expression and activity are involved in various neuropathological processes. CNS con...
Source: Progress in Neurobiology - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
ConclusionsEpilepsy occurs in approximately 75.3% (58/77) of patients. Hypomelanotic macules occurred significantly more often in patients with TSC2 mutations and cases with TSC1/TSC2 mutations had a significantly higher frequency of cortical nodule than patients with no mutations identified. Overall, our data expands the spectrum of mutations associated with the TSC loci and will be of value to the genetic counseling in patients with the disease.
Source: Seizure - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 23 August 2019Source: SeizureAuthor(s): Alessandro Orsini, Angelo Valetto, Veronica Bertini, Mariagrazia Esposito, Niccolò Carli, Berge A. Minassian, Alice Bonuccelli, Diego Peroni, Roberto Michelucci, Pasquale StrianoAbstractProgressive Myoclonus Epilepsies (PMEs) are a group of uncommon clinically and genetically heterogeneous disorders characterised by myoclonus, generalized epilepsy, and neurological deterioration, including dementia and ataxia. PMEs may have infancy, childhood, juvenile or adult onset, but usually present in late childhood or adolescence, at variance from epil...
Source: Seizure - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing Mus musculus Source Type: research
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Source: Practical Radiation Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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Source: Stem Cell Research - Category: Stem Cells Source Type: research
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Source: Seizure: European Journal of Epilepsy - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
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Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research
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Source: Medicina Oral, Patologia Oral y Cirugia Bucal - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal Source Type: research
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