Association of genetic polymorphism of PC ‐1 gene (rs1044498 Lys121Gln) with insulin‐resistant type 2 diabetes mellitus in Punjabi Population of Pakistan

The objective of the present study was to investigate the genetic association ofPC ‐1 rs1044498 polymorphism with insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes in the Punjabi population of Pakistan.MethodsThisstudy was carried out on 161 healthy controls and 161 patients of T2DM with insulin resistance. Whole blood was collected for DNA extraction and molecular studies. PCR ‐RFLP withAvaII was performed to determine the genotype in cases and controls. Chi ‐square and Hardy Weinberg analyses were carried out. Statistical analysis was performed by SPSS software.ResultsThe demographic data of cases and controls showed significant differences for different parameters like glucose, insulin, Homeostatic model assessment ‐insulin resistance (HOMA‐IR) and lipid profiles (p  
Source: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

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AbstractBackgroundSingle anastomosis sleeve ileal (SASI) bypass is a newly introduced bariatric and metabolic procedure. The present multicenter study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of the SASI bypass in the treatment of patients with morbid obesity and the metabolic syndrome.MethodsThis is a retrospective, seven-country, multicenter study on patients with morbid obesity who underwent the SASI bypass. Data regarding patients ’ demographics, body mass index (BMI), percentage of total weight loss (%TWL), percentage of excess weight loss (%EWL), and improvement in comorbidities at 12 months postoperatively and postopera...
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
The objective of this study was 1) to assess the relationship between diagnosed DLP and cardiovascular disease in COPD patients and compare it with other known cardiovascular risk factors and 2) to determine the relationship between the different cardiovascular comorbidities and the severity groups according to the GOLD 2017 classification.MethodsA cross-sectional, observational study was performed in 454 outpatients with COPD during their follow up. We calculated the prevalence of each of the cardiovascular comorbidities and the probability of each of the cardiovascular risk factors to occur jointly with a vascular diseas...
Source: Revista Clinica Espanola - Category: Internal Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionsDiabetic nephropathy was common among Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes in primary care in Hong Kong. Early identification and control of the modifiable risk factors are of upmost importance in preventing the complication.
Source: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of PAS on the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (LRYGB) in patients with obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
Obesity and related metabolic disorders, including type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), alarmingly grow up in the modern society thus representing a serious issue for endocrinology and medicine. Obesity is the major risk factor for T2DM [1], however, not all obese individuals ultimately develop T2DM. Nevertheless, mechanisms linking obesity to T2DM are being extensively studied.
Source: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Source Type: research
We present a narrative review of HCC in Africa, discussing present and future trends. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text
Source: Seminars in Liver Disease - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
This article seeks to review the role of bariatric surgery on short- and long-term resolution of T2DM, recurrence, and compliance with T2DM medication following bariatric surgery.Recent FindingsSeven randomized control trials have examined metabolic surgery versus medical therapy in glycemic control in patients meeting criteria for severe obesity. Six out of seven studies demonstrate a significant advantage in the surgical arms with regards to glycemic control, as well as secondary endpoints such as weight loss, serum lipid levels, blood pressure, renal function, and other parameters. While patient compliance with lifestyl...
Source: Current Diabetes Reports - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
AbstractThe accurate 3D reconstruction of organs from radiological scans is an essential tool in computer-aided diagnosis (CADx) and plays a critical role in clinical, biomedical and forensic science research. The structure and shape of the organ, combined with morphological measurements such as volume and curvature, can provide significant guidance towards establishing progression or severity of a condition, and thus support improved diagnosis and therapy planning. Furthermore, the classification and stratification of organ abnormalities aim to explore and investigate organ deformations following injury, trauma and illnes...
Source: Journal of Medical Systems - Category: Information Technology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Current evidence suggests no major differences in carbohydrate metabolism between different hormonal contraceptives in women without diabetes. We cannot make strong statements due to having few studies that compared the same types of contraceptives. Many trials had small numbers of participants and some had large losses. Many of the earlier studies had limited reporting of methods. We still know very little about women at risk for metabolic problems due to being overweight. More than half of the trials had weight restrictions as inclusion criteria. Only one small trial stratified the groups by body mass index ...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
A 40-year-old man was treated with tonsillectomy and underwent early surgical exploration because of bleeding. Postoperative bleeding complications were treated with bronchoscopy. In addition to obesity, normal thyroid function, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and current tobacco abuse with severe obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, biochemistry revealed severe hypercholesterolemia (total cholesterol 572 mg/dL) and hypertriglyceridemia (1,220 mg/dL). During the postoperative period, low doses of propofol (up to 2 mg/kg/h for 10 hours), along with remifentanil (up to 0.0016 mg/kg/h for 20 hours), midazolam, and tramadol, were neede...
Source: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research
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