Improved detection of metastatic lymph nodes in oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma by combined interpretation of fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron-emission tomography/computed tomography

We sought to evaluate the diagnostic performance of fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron-emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG PET/CT) in the detection of metastatic lymph nodes by combined interpre...
Source: Cancer Imaging - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: We implemented this simple method in order to secure the devastated airway, sparing the need for a demanding rigid bronchoscopy, or use of a costly ECMO expedient. PMID: 32988709 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Asian Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Asian J Surg Source Type: research
This study explored the prognostic value of the tumor-to-liver SUVmax ratio (SUVTLR) and the tumor-to-blood pool SUVmax ratio (SUVTBR) in predicting the objective response (OR) and overall survival (OS) in patients with locally advanced esophageal cancer after concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT).Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 128 newly diagnosed esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients who were treated with CCRT. The SUVmax of primary tumor, SUVTLR, SUVTBR and clinicopathologic features data were analyzed. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to determine the predictors of tumor response. Survival...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Authors: Katsurahara K, Shiozaki A, Fujiwara H, Konishi H, Kudou M, Shoda K, Arita T, Kosuga T, Morimura R, Murayama Y, Kuriu Y, Ikoma H, Kubota T, Nakanishi M, Okamoto K, Otsuji E Abstract Cervical esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (CESCC) is less common compared with thoracic esophageal cancer, and few studies have investigated the clinicopathological features of CESCC. The present study analyzed 69 patients with CESCC who underwent various therapies at the University Hospital of Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine between January 2000 and December 2016. The distance between the inferior border of the crico...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
ConclusionsNew foci of increased18F-fluorodeoxyglucose avidity are commonly seen in the caudate and left hepatic lobes of the liver during neoadjuvant chemoradiation for distal esophageal cancer, and these findings generally reflect radiation-induced liver disease rather than metastatic disease. Awareness of the pitfalls of a high18F-fluorodeoxyglucose uptake in radiation-induced liver injury is crucial in order to avoid misinterpretation and overstaging. Except for the location of18F-fluorodeoxyglucose uptake, the shape of the lesion, and an maximum standardized uptake value (>  10/h), a convincing liver magneti...
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
han Wing-Keen Yap We aimed to investigate the prognostic value of the relative maximum standardized uptake value (SUV) of metastatic lymph node (LN) compared with that of primary tumor (SUVLN / SUVTumor) based on a pretreatment [18F]-FDG PET/CT scan in patients with clinically node-positive esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (cN+ ESCC) treated with definitive chemoradiotherapy (dCRT). We retrospectively evaluated cN+ ESCC patients who underwent a PET/CT scan before dCRT. Time-dependent receiver operating characteristics analysis was performed to identify the optimal cutoff value for SUVLN / SUVTumor. Prognostic influ...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
This study evaluated clinical relevance of FDG-PET and ME-NBI in decision-making regarding the treatment strategy for ESCC. AIM: To investigate the association between FDG uptake and the clinicopathological characteristics of superficial ESCC and its usefulness of combination of FDG-PET and ME-NBI for determining the treatment strategy for superficial ESCC. METHODS: A database of all patients with superficial ESCC who had undergone both ME-NBI and FDG-PET for pre-treatment staging at Aichi Cancer Center Hospital between January 2008 and November 2018 was retrospectively analyzed. FDG uptake was defined positive o...
Source: World Journal of Gastroenterology : WJG - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: World J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Accurate nodal staging is crucial for esophageal cancer. A prospective study was performed to assess the value of [18F] fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) for diagnosing cervical lymph node metastasis (LNM) of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: Thoracic Source Type: research
Accurate nodal staging is crucial for esophageal cancer. A prospective study was performed to assess the value of [18F] fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) for diagnosing cervical lymph node metastasis (LNM) of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
This study evaluated the utility of pretreatment maximal esophageal wall thickness on CT scans to predict treatment outcomes after CRT in patients with locally advanced ESCC.MethodsEighty-one patients with T3 locally advanced ESCC, whom were treated completely with CRT with and without surgery, and had available CT scans before and after CRT at a university hospital between 2005 and 2015, were retrospectively reviewed.ResultTwenty patients (24.7%) had esophagectomy after neoadjuvant CRT and sixty-one patients (75.3%) had definitive CRT. The maximal esophageal wall thicknesses were measured retrospectively and correlated wi...
Source: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Alleviated dysphagia might be a useful factor to predict the response to second-cycle NAC for first-cycle SD/PD patients. PMID: 31737296 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research
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