Prevention of Contrast-induced Nephropathy in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease Undergoing Elective Coronary Angioplasty or Angiography with Sodium Potassium Citrate Solution, a Double Blind Randomized Clinical Trial.

Prevention of Contrast-induced Nephropathy in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease Undergoing Elective Coronary Angioplasty or Angiography with Sodium Potassium Citrate Solution, a Double Blind Randomized Clinical Trial. Iran J Kidney Dis. 2019 May;13(3):182-190 Authors: Ghorbani A, Yazdankhah S, Adel MH, Tabesh H, Sattari AR, Sattari SA, Heybar H, Madjidi S Abstract INTRODUCTION: Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is a frequent complication of contrast exposure. A recent study suggested that Na/K citrate might have a preventive role. We investigated the efficacy of Na/K citrate to prevent CIN in patients with renal dysfunction undergoing coronary intervention. METHODS: The randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial included 201 patients with estimated creatinine clearance .05). Post-exposure Cr values were not significantly different between the two groups (1.18 ± 0.28 mg/dL in the placebo vs. 1.15 ± 0.29 mg/dL in the treatment group, P> .05). CIN-negative patients in the treatment group showed a significantly higher increase in urine pH than that of CIN-positive patients (1.642 ± 0.577 vs. 1.20 ± 0.422, P
Source: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Iran J Kidney Dis Source Type: research

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Source: American Journal of Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Am J Nephrol Source Type: research
Authors: Hou C, Zheng B, Wang XG, Zhang B, Shi QP, Chen M Abstract Previous studies have reported that short-term statin loading effectively protects statin-naive patients with mild renal insufficiency from contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI). The aim of the present study was to determine whether patients with more advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) and long-term statin therapy also benefit from high-loading statin pretreatment. A total of 256 consecutive patients with moderate-to-severe CKD receiving long-term statin therapy and undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery an...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
AbstractObjectivesContrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) is a serious complication in patients undergoing diagnostic cardiac angiography or percutaneous coronary intervention. We aimed to evaluate the preventive effects of left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP)-guided hydration for the prevention of CI-AKI in patients with chronic kidney disease undergoing cardiac catheterization.MethodsThis prospective randomized single-blind clinical trial enrolled 114 eligible patients with an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of 15  
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
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Source: American Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsOutcomes associated with cardiovascular therapies among patients with CKD differed by baseline cardiovascular risk. Coronary revascularization was not associated with improved survival in low-risk patients, but was associated with improved survival in high-risk patients despite a greater observed rate of kidney failure. These findings may inform clinical decision making in the care of patients with both CKD and cardiovascular disease.
Source: American Journal of Kidney Diseases - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
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Source: Heart and Vessels - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: We aimed to identify the association of degree of renal failure in chronic kidney disease patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) at our center with 5-year major adverse cardiac events (MACE). METHODS: In this cohort study, we enrolled all patients who underwent primary or elective PCI and completed their 5-year followup unless they developed events related to study end-points. Demographic, angiographic and clinical data of the participants were retrieved from our databank. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was calculated based on the Cockcroft-Gault equation for me...
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - Category: Middle East Health Authors: Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research
Authors: Azzalini L, Laricchia A, Regazzoli D, Mitomo S, Hachinohe D, Bellini B, Demir OM, Poletti E, Maccagni D, Colombo A Abstract BACKGROUND: The incidence of contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) is particularly high in patients with severe chronic kidney disease (CKD). Novel contrast-sparing strategies are warranted to guarantee the benefit of revascularization in this challenging and growing patient population. We aimed to evaluate the feasibility of an ultra-low contrast volume percutaneous coronary intervention (ULC-PCI) protocol in patients with severe CKD. METHODS: The ULC-PCI protocol is base...
Source: The Journal of Invasive Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Tags: J Invasive Cardiol Source Type: research
Conclusion: Patients with CKD had more often permanent type of AF. Percutaneous interventions of the left main coronary artery, the only elective procedures influencing patients ’ prognosis, were done more frequently in CKD patients with AF. In-hospital mortality was significantly higher in patients with severe renal impairment. Despite the higher risk of ischaemic stroke in CKD group the use of oral anticoagulation therapy was significantly less frequent and the patients were deprived of the confirmed benefits of such treatment.Kidney Blood Press Res 2018;43:1796 –1805
Source: Kidney and Blood Pressure Research - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: In patients with NSTE-ACS, TRI was associated with favourable one-year clinical outcomes and lower bleeding complications compared to TFI. Independent predictors of MACE were clinical and angiographic profiles (CKD, MVD) rather than vascular access sites. PMID: 30398512 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Cardiovasc J Afr Source Type: research
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