Inhibition of PI3Kγ by AS605240 Protects tMCAO Mice by Attenuating pro-Inflammatory Signaling and Cytokine Release in Reactive Astrocytes

In this study, we identified the protective effect of the PI3Kγ inhibitor AS605240 against stroke-related injury in the mouse model of transient intraluminal middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO). The results showed that administration of AS605240 could improve the neurological function score, reduce the infarct size and decrease astrocyte activation in the tMCAO mice after injury. The inhibitory effect of AS605240 on microglia activation is relatively clear. Therefore, in this study, the effects of AS605240 on astrocytes were studied in cell cultures. IL-6 and its soluble receptor were used to construct the astrocyte activation model. AS605240 treatment significantly reduced the astrocyte activation markers and the morphological changes of cells. We also identified 13 inflammatory factors whose expression was significantly upregulated by IL-6/sIL-6R and significantly inhibited by AS605240 at the protein level, and 7 of those factors were verified at the mRNA level. These results indicated that specific inhibition of PI3Kγ could reduce astrocyte activation induced by inflammation, which might aid the repair and remodeling of neurons in the later stage after ischemic stroke.
Source: Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

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