Photobiomodulation therapy for acute radiodermatitis

Purpose of review The number of clinical trials on the use of photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) for the management of cancer therapy-related complications is growing steadily. One of the side-effects that is under investigation is acute radiodermatitis (ARD), an inflammatory skin reaction caused by radiotherapy. In this review, an overview is given on the state of art of the application of PBMT for the prevention and management of ARD. Recent findings Up to now about seven clinical trials have been performed, investigating the use of PBMT in the prevention and/or management of ARD. Results demonstrate that PBMT can effectively reduce the incidence of severe ARD, decrease the accompanying pain, and improve the patients’ quality of life. Moreover, the technique seems to be well tolerated in oncologic patients. Summary On the basis of the available evidence, there could be a strong recommendation to use PBMT in the prevention and management of ARD in cancer patients.
Source: Current Opinion in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: SUPPORTIVE CARE: Edited by Jean A. Klastersky Source Type: research

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Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news
Authors: Gallicchio R, Mastrangelo PA, Nardelli A, Mainenti PP, Colasurdo AP, Landriscina M, Guglielmi G, Storto G Abstract Radium-223 dichloride (223Ra) is the first, recently approved, α-particle-emitting radiopharmaceutical for the treatment of patients with bone metastases in castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) and no evidence of visceral metastases. We explored MEDLINE, relevant congresses, and websites for data on 223Ra and prostate cancer therapies, focusing on therapeutic strategies and timing, bone metastases, and diagnostic assessment. 223Ra represents the only bone-targeting agent that has ...
Source: Tumori - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Tumori Source Type: research
This study protocol was approved by the Institutional Review Board of the hospital. Data Collection Demographic and clinical data were retrieved from medical records in the hospital’s centralized database. These data included the age at diagnosis, International Federation of Obstetrics and Gynecologic (FIGO) stage, tumor histology and grade, type of surgery, and types and cycles of chemotherapy. Disease staging was based on the 2014 FIGO staging system. Optimal debulking surgery was defined as residual tumors with maximal diameters less than 1 cm; the others were defined as suboptimal debulking surgery. Disease rec...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusion: For lay people, risk information, including the statistical numeric part, is perceived as highly normatively charged, often as an emotionally significant threat. It seems necessary to provide lay people with a deeper understanding of risk information and of the limitations of genetic knowledge with respect to one’s own health responsibility. Introduction Technological progress over the recent years has led to an unprecedented increase in speed and precision of genetic testing. The number of inherited disorders and risk factors that can be detected through genetic testing is growing rapidly and gen...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Conclusions: This study demonstrated a rapid improvement of many symptoms in the subacute post-operative period in pituitary tumor patients. Disturbed sleep was identified as the only symptom to worsen post-operatively, encouraging potential prospective interventions to improve sleep, and subsequently improve the QOL in pituitary tumor patients following surgical intervention. Introduction Pituitary tumors are relatively rare primary central nervous system (CNS) tumors in adults (1) but make up 10% of all neurosurgical interventions in the United States (2). They are often an incidental finding in autopsies and brain...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In conclusion, we showed hypermethylation of CpGs as a novel mechanism of action for DNMTi agents and identified 638 hypermethylated molecular targets (CpGs) common to decitabine and azacytidine therapy. These novel results suggest that hypermethylation of CpGs should be considered when predicting the DNMTi responses and side effects in cancer patients. Introduction DNA methyltransferase inhibitors (DNMTi) are widely used as chemical tools for hypomethylating the genome, with an aim to understand the role of DNA methylation in multiple processes (e.g., X-chromosome inactivation and DNA imprinting) and as an anti-ca...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
We report here that the maximum analgesic effect of mycolactone was observed at a time post-injection, when mycolactone amounts remaining in the tissue were very low nonetheless similar to the ones obtained in oedematous tissues of mice infected with M. ulcerans. Materials and Methods Animal Experimentation All animal experiments were performed in accordance with national (articles R214-87 to R214-90 from the French “rural code”) and European guidelines (directive 2010/63/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of September 22, 2010 on the protection of animals used for scientific purposes). All pro...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusions: These finding suggest that Poly-ICLC could be safely used for inducing transient innate immune responses in treated HIV+ subjects indicating promise as an adjuvant for HIV therapeutic vaccines. Trial Registration: www.ClinicalTrials.gov, identifier: NCT02071095. Introduction Innate immune dysregulation during HIV infection hinders the formation of anti-HIV adaptive immunity (1–6) resulting in rampant viral dissemination and progression to AIDS. Adherence to combination anti-retroviral therapy (cART) regimens controls viremia, restores CD4+T cell counts and reverses immune dysfunction to a larg ext...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Nail changes, skin changes, hair changes and mucosal changes occurred frequently as a significant side effect of chemotherapy, which a physician should be aware of, while selecting a chemotherapeutic drug.
Source: Indian Journal of Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsMany patients with MDS, AA, and PNH report severe fatigue. The helpfulness of fatigue management strategies may impact patients ’ continued use; whether these strategies are beneficial and decrease fatigue levels needs more study.
Source: Cancer Medicine - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
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