Abnormalities of the muscles of the soft palate and their impact on auditory function in patients operated on for cleft palate: a case-control study
We examined the anatomy of the eustachian tube and the paratubal muscles of the soft palate with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), assessed auditory function, and correlated the results to evaluate the impact of the pathological anatomy on the function of the middle ear. A total of 64 ears in 32 patients were evaluated (Group A, n = 16) (Group B, controls = 16). MRI showed a short eustachian tube with a shortened tensor attachment in Group A when compared with Group B. The pterygoid hamulus was found to be intact in both groups, but extensive perihamular fibrosis was seen in Group A. A total of 15 ears in Group A had loss of hearing (prevalence ratio (PR) 1.08), (13 mild loss, and 2 moderate loss), and impedance audiometry showed effusion of the middle ear in 12 ears in 16 patients, and dysfunction of the eustachian tube with high negative pressure in the middle ear in four ears in the 16 patients (PR 4.6). These could be positively correlated with the pathological anatomy using Pearson’s correlation coefficient. Otitis media is persistent and can lead to conductive hearing loss in adults who have been operated on for cleft palate. This can be attributed to abnormalities in the development of the eustachian tube and the paratubal musculature.
CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Otological and audiological outcomes in both groups were similar. The audiological prognosis was favorable regardless of the cleft palate condition. PMID: 33030069 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusion/clinical relevanceThis is the first prospective study analyzing the incidence of cleft-related speech problems in children with an isolated cleft lip. These children do not have a higher risk of cleft-related speech problems or AOM/OME when compared to the general population. However, children with an isolated cleft do have a higher incidence of speech therapy.
CONCLUSIONS: Children with repaired CP±L exhibit similar lexical selectivity relative to word initial sounds compared to noncleft TD and OM peers at 24 months of age, based on parent report. PMID: 32237993 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusions: We identified substantial heterogeneity and multiplicity of outcome selection and measurement in published studies. These data will inform the consensus building stage of a core outcome set to inform delirium research in the critically ill.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To investigate hearing thresholds in children born with cleft palate and in children with otitis media with effusion but no cleft palate. DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal group comparison study. SETTING: University hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Sixteen children born with nonsyndromic cleft palate with or without cleft lip (CP±L) and 15 age-matched children with otitis media with effusion (OME) but without cleft. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Hearing was tested at repeated occasions beginning with neonatal auditory brainstem response (ABR) at 1-4 months of age, and age-appropriate ...
Conclusions: We propose a technique to improve the function of the velopharyngeal closure which effectively reduces the incidence of pharyngeal insufficiency and occurrence of operative correction of pharyngeal closure dysfunction. The modifed two-flap palatoplasty with posterior lateral symmetric mucosal relaxation incision is beneficial for better velopharyngeal closure.
CONCLUSIONS: There was a great diversity of oral, craniofacial and systemic characteristic among the KS patients, suggesting that an inter-disciplinary approach should be taken for their dental treatment. PMID: 31433389 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
This study investigated vocabulary growth from 18 to 24 months of age in young children with repaired cleft palate (CP), children with otitis media, and typically developing (TD) children. In addition, the contributions of factors such as hearing level, middle ear status, size of consonant inventory, maternal education level, and gender to the development of expressive vocabulary were explored. Method Vocabulary size of 40 children with repaired CP, 29 children with otitis media, and 25 TD children was measured using the parent report on MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventories: Words and Sentences (Fenson et ...
Conclusion: The pen-type camera instead of an operating microscope was a tremendous contribution, as it was easy to handle and contributed to the good outcomes. The use of this technique is strongly recommended in surgical camps. Level of Evidence: III
We examined the anatomy of the eustachian tube and the paratubal muscles of the soft palate with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), assessed auditory function, and correlated the results to evaluate the impact of the pathological anatomy on the function of the middle ear.