Co-delivery of DOX and PDTC by pH-sensitive nanoparticles to overcome multidrug resistance in breast cancer

Publication date: Available online 20 May 2019Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: BiointerfacesAuthor(s): Xu Cheng, Dapeng Li, Min Sun, Le He, Yan Zheng, Xin Wang, Rupei TangAbstractChemotherapeutic drugs have a series of limitations in the conventional clinical treatments, mainly including serious adverse effects and multidrug resistance (MDR). Herein, we developed a pH-sensitive polymeric nanoparticle with using poly(ortho ester urethanes) copolymers for co-delivering doxorubicin (DOX) and pyrrolidinedithiocarbamate (PDTC) to settle these problems. Dual-drug-loaded nanoparticles were nano-sized (˜220 nm) with the spherical morphology and excellent physiological stability. Both drugs both could be quickly released in the mild acidic conditions due to the cleavage of ortho ester bonds. Monolayer cultured cells (2D) and multicellular spheroids (3D) experiments proved that PDTC could reverse multidrug resistance (MDR), improve intracellular drugs accumulation and enhance tumor penetration by down-regulating the expression of P-gp, then resulting in higher DOX-induced cytotoxicity and apoptosis in MCF-7 and MCF-7/ADR cells. Besides, in vivo experiments further demonstrated that co-encapsulated nanoparticles had higher DOX accumulation and superiorer tumor growth inhibition (TGI 82.9%) than free drugs or single-drug-loaded nanoparticles on MCF-7/ADR bearing-mice. Accordingly, the pH-sensitive co-delivery systems possess a promising potential to overcome MDR in cancer th...
Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research

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In this study, based on nucleolin’s active transport property to the nucleus and its affinity with aptamer, we developed a nuclear-targeted delivery system to circumvention of drug resistance in breast cancer (MCF-7/Adr). Dox·HCl inserted in the aptamer AS1411 (Ap-Dox) was encapsulated in the aqueous interior of liposome (Lip(Ap-Dox)). In vitro studies showed that after the Lip(Ap-Dox) diffusing into MCF-7/Adr cells, Ap-Dox complex bound with nucleolin strongly and eventually entered the cell nuclei. By using this drug delivery system, Dox·HCl can efficiently accumulated in the nuclei to effectively kill the cancer cells.
Source: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
In this study, a RGD conjugated, pH sensitive lipid was synthesized using glycerin monostearate (GMS) and adipic acid dihydrazide (HZ) as lipid materials and named RGD-HZ-GMS. RGD-HZ-GMS was applied to encapsulate DOX to construct a RGD modified, DOX loaded SLNs (RGD-DOX-SLNs). To evaluate the anticancer effect of RGD-DOX-SLNs, breast cancer cell line (MCF-7 cells) and DOX resistant cell line (MCF-7/ADR cells) were used. in vivo tumor suspension and toxicity effects were evaluated on mice bearing MCF-7/ADR cells breast cancer model. RGD-DOX-SLNs had a uniformly spherical shape. The mean particle size and zeta potential of ...
Source: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
In this study, a RGD conjugated, pH sensitive lipid was synthesized using glycerin monostearate (GMS) and adipic acid dihydrazide (HZ) as lipid materials and named RGD-HZ-GMS. RGD-HZ-GMS was applied to encapsulate DOX to construct a RGD modified, DOX loaded SLNs (RGD-DOX-SLNs). To evaluate the anticancer effect of RGD-DOX-SLNs, breast cancer cell line (MCF-7 cells) and DOX resistant cell line (MCF-7/ADR cells) were used. in vivo tumor suspension and toxicity effects were evaluated on mice bearing MCF-7/ADR cells breast cancer model. RGD-DOX-SLNs had a uniformly spherical shape. The mean particle size and zeta potential of ...
Source: Biomedicine and pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine and pharmacotherapie - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Biomed Pharmacother Source Type: research
Publication date: October 2019Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C, Volume 103Author(s): Murugesan Sathiya Deepika, Ramar Thangam, Thankaraj Salammal Sheena, R.T.V. Vimala, Srinivasan Sivasubramanian, Kulandaivel Jeganathan, Ramasamy ThirumuruganAbstractImproved therapeutic effects can be achieved by the delivery of combination of drugs through multifunctional cell targeted nanocarrier systems. The present investigation reports the preparation of Poly (D,L-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanospheres loaded with the novel combination such as Rutin (R) and Benzamide (B) as drugs using water-oil-water (w/o/w) emulsion...
Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Abstract Chemotherapeutic drugs have a series of limitations in the conventional clinical treatments, mainly including serious adverse effects and multidrug resistance (MDR). Herein, we developed a pH-sensitive polymeric nanoparticle with using poly(ortho ester urethanes) copolymers for co-delivering doxorubicin (DOX) and pyrrolidinedithiocarbamate (PDTC) to settle these problems. Dual-drug-loaded nanoparticles were nano-sized (˜220 nm) with the spherical morphology and excellent physiological stability. Both drugs both could be quickly released in the mild acidic conditions due to the cleavage of ort...
Source: Colloids and Surfaces - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Tags: Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces Source Type: research
In conclusion, e-As4S4 holds great potential for an alternative therapeutics in the treatment of breast cancer, due to its unique function of correcting the aggressive microenvironment. Introduction Metastasis is the leading cause of breast cancer mortality, which has been one major challenge in clinical treatment (1). In particular, triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is characterized by the absence of estrogen receptors (ER), progesterone receptors (PR) and HER2 receptors, which is one of the most aggressive types of breast cancers, marked by high rates of relapse, visceral metastases and early death (2, 3). The...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusion Several TISC-based immunotherapeutic approaches are under development in various stages of preclinical studies. As outlined in this review article, a careful and more exhaustive genetic and metabolic understanding of TISC-associated phenotypes is critical to develop novel TISC based immunotherapies. Various components within the tumor microenvironment such as tumor cells, infiltrating immune cells, and supporting stromal cells impact the TISC metabolism. This unique metabolic profile leads to upregulation of certain enzymes and proteins such as ALDH1, CEP55, IDO COA1 etc., which can be utilized for development ...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusion and Perspective With in-depth understandings of antibodies, linkers, and payloads, ADCs have also achieved great development. The linkage strategy and target diversity have already improved the delivery of the payloads to tumor tissues and reduced exposure to normal tissues. With the development of payloads, some novel potent payloads are used by ADCs, which allows researchers to exploit novel linkers to attach the antibody and payloads without disturbing their potency (Dragovich et al., 2018). Furthermore, some irrelevant antigen-target ADCs also may exert toxicity to tumor cells due to the vascular gap of tum...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Chan Feng1, Donglei Zhu1, Lv Chen1, Yonglin Lu1, Jie Liu1, Na Yoon Kim2, Shujing Liang1, Xia Zhang1, Yun Lin1, Yabin Ma3* and Chunyan Dong1* 1Cancer Center, Shanghai East Hospital, Tongji University, Shanghai, China 2Department of Chemical Engineering, Northeastern University, Boston, MA, United States 3Pharmacy Department, Shanghai East Hospital, Tongji University, Shanghai, China The off-target activation of photosensitizers is one of the most well-known obstacles to effective photodynamic therapy (PDT). The selected activation of photosensitizers in cancer cells is highly desired to overcome this problem. We...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Discussion Suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 is an essential molecule for maintaining immune homeostasis and subverting inflammation. Disorders arising from excess inflammation or SOCS1 deficiency can be potentially treated with SOCS1 mimetics (Ahmed et al., 2015). While SOCS1 has promising potential in many disorders, it should be noted that new targets and actions of SOCS1 are still being discovered and not all the effects of this protein are beneficial in autoimmune diseases and cancer. For instance, SOCS1 degrades IRS1 and IRS2, required for insulin signaling, via the SOCS Box domain, thus, limiting its potential in ...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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