Statins' potential to treat MS unrelated to lowering cholesterol

(University College London) The widely prescribed statin, simvastatin, can medically help patients with secondary progressive Multiple Sclerosis (SPMS) -- for reasons that might be unrelated to the drug's intended cholesterol lowering affects, a UCL study has found.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

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Abstract While Treg cells are responsible for self-tolerance and immune homeostasis, pathogenic autoreactive Th17 cells produce pro-inflammatory cytokines that lead to tissue damage associated with autoimmunity, as observed in multiple sclerosis. Therefore, the immunological balance between Th17 and Treg cells may represent a promising option for immune therapy. Statin drugs are used to treat dyslipidemia; however, besides their effects on preventing cardiovascular diseases, statins also have anti-inflammatory effects. Here, we investigated the role of pitavastatin on experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE...
Source: International Immunopharmacology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Int Immunopharmacol Source Type: research
In conclusion, the study indicates that HBOT may induce significant senolytic effects that include significantly increasing telomere length and clearance of senescent cells in the aging populations. Data on the Prevalence of Liver Fibrosis in Middle Age https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2020/11/data-on-the-prevalence-of-liver-fibrosis-in-middle-age/ Fibrosis is a consequence of age-related disarray in tissue maintenance processes, leading to the deposition of scar-like collagen that disrupts tissue structure and function. It is an ultimately fatal issue for which there are only poor treatment options a...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
By KEN TERRY (This is the eighth and final installment in a series of excerpts from Terry’s new book, Physician-Led Healthcare Reform: a New Approach to Medicare for All, published by the American Association for Physician Leadership.) Medical technologies include drugs, devices, tests, and procedures. Considered as a whole, these technologies are the key driver of growth in health costs, according to Georgetown University professor Gregg Bloche and his associates. Bloche, et al., view insurance coverage as the chief enabler of these technological innovations. In a 2017 Health Affairs Blog post, they sai...
Source: The Health Care Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health Policy Ken Terry Source Type: blogs
Fight Aging! publishes news and commentary relevant to the goal of ending all age-related disease, to be achieved by bringing the mechanisms of aging under the control of modern medicine. This weekly newsletter is sent to thousands of interested subscribers. To subscribe or unsubscribe from the newsletter, please visit: https://www.fightaging.org/newsletter/ Longevity Industry Consulting Services Reason, the founder of Fight Aging! and Repair Biotechnologies, offers strategic consulting services to investors, entrepreneurs, and others interested in the longevity industry and its complexities. To find out m...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
AbstractMicroglia are the primary innate immune system cells in the central nervous system (CNS). They are crucial for the immunity, neurogenesis, synaptogenesis, neurotrophic support, phagocytosis of cellular debris, and maintaining the CNS integrity and homeostasis. Invasion by pathogens as well as in CNS injuries and damages results in activation of microglia known as microgliosis. The activated microglia have the capacity to release proinflammatory mediators leading to neuroinflammation. However, uncontrolled neuroinflammation can give rise to various neurological disorders (NDs), especially the neurodegenerative disea...
Source: BioFactors - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
We present normally distributed variables using means and standard deviations and non-normally distributed variables using medians along with their ranges. Spearman's correlation coefficients were used to analyse correlations between the CSF's biomarker concentrations, and both unadjusted and Bonferroni adjusted p-values are reported. Orthogonal projection to latent structure discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) was also used to find differences in terms of CSF metabolites between the relapsing and remitting patients [CIS, RR, PR versus PP, SP patients]. The OPLS-DA algorithm finds the projection direction, score vector, that g...
Source: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Hell J Nucl Med Source Type: research
AbstractStatins, the cholesterol-lowering drugs, also possess immunomodulatory properties, affecting among others T cell activation and differentiation, antigen presentation, and regulatory T cell (Tregs) maintenance and differentiation. Their effects on autoagression have led investigators to assess their clinical significance in autoimmune disease, such as multiple sclerosis (MS), a chronic progressive demyelinating disease of autoimmune nature. The dysregulated immunity noted in MS features a profound shift from Tregs dominance to Th17 cell superiority. In this review, we discuss the immunobiological basis of statins, t...
Source: Immunologic Research - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
As one of the five major senses, you could argue that our sense of smell is the least important. Sight, hearing, touch, and taste may poll better than smell, but try telling that to someone who has lost their sense of smell entirely. The truth is that loss of the ability to smell comes with a significant cost, because olfaction serves several purposes that affect quality of life and even safety, including stimulation of appetite enhancement of the sense of taste alerting you to which foods should not be eaten (if they’re rotting, for example) warning you of danger (as with smoke warning of fire). Loss of smell can ...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Alzheimer's Disease Brain and cognitive health Ear, nose, and throat Source Type: blogs
A previously demonstrated effect of simvastatin in delaying progression of an advanced form of multiple sclerosis is not related to its effect on cholesterol levels, a study published in PNAS has shown.
Source: Clinical Pharmacist - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
FRIDAY, June 7, 2019 -- Simvastatin's beneficial effects on clinical outcomes and brain atrophy in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) are largely independent of cholesterol levels, according to a post hoc study published in the May 28 issue of...
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news
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