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In this study, infants with post-hemorrhagic ventricular dilation were randomized to a low vs high threshold for intervention, beginning in 2006 and completing in 2016.
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: The presence of MRI-positive vulnerable carotid plaques including IPH, LRNC, and TRFC is positively associated with symptomatic clinical presentation. Therefore, carotid plaque MRI might be a useful risk stratification tool in determining the risk of ischemic stroke. PMID: 31738030 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: J Neurosurg Sci Source Type: research
AbstractThe Alberta Stroke Program Early Computed Tomography Score (ASPECTS) is widely used for the assessment of early ischemic changes (EICs) before thrombolysis. However, for symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH) following intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA), the prediction abilities of CT-ASPECTS, diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI)-ASPECTS, and DWI-ASPECTS including EICs in deep white matter (DWI-ASPECTS  + W) are unclear. We investigated associations between each score and sICH following intravenous rt-PA. Data from consecutive patients who received intravenous rt-PA for acut...
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
Authors: Yoshida K, Miyamoto S, SMART-K Study Group Abstract With recent advances in medical treatments for carotid artery stenosis (CS), indications for carotid surgery should be more carefully considered for asymptomatic CS (ACS). Accurate stratification of ACS should be based on the risk of cerebral infarction, and subgroups of patients more likely to benefit from surgical treatment should be differentiated. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) offers a non-invasive, accurate modality for characterizing carotid plaque. Intraplaque hemorrhage (IPH) seems the most promising feature of vulnerable plaque detectable by M...
Source: Neurologia Medico-Chirurgica - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo) Source Type: research
Identification of early signs of hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has proven of prognostic significance. Yet, the importance of intracranial hemorrhage (ICH), being p...
Source: BMC Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
AbstractBackground and purposeThe significance of white matter hyperintensities (WMHs) in the setting of mechanical thrombectomy (MT) remains poorly documented. We assessed whether pre-existing WMHs burden was associated with baseline clinical and imaging factors and neurological outcome in patients undergoing MT.MethodsThis retrospective single-center study included consecutive acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients with stroke due to large vessel occlusion treated with MT. WMHs were assessed on baseline T2 fluid-attenuated inversion recovery magnetic resonance imaging. Neurological outcome was assessed at day 90 by the mod...
Source: Journal of Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
This study expands those findings by examining the effects on a CD47 blocking antibody in aged rats. First, male Fischer 344 rats (18 months old) received an intracaudate injection of 50 μL auto logous whole blood or saline. Hematoma features of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and neurological deficits were evaluated within 3 days. Second, rats had an intracaudate co-injection of 50 μL autologous blood with either CD47 blocking antibody or IgG. MRI was used to quantify hematoma/iron vol ume, hemolysis, brain swelling, and atrophy at different time points, behavioral tests to assess neurological d...
Source: Translational Stroke Research - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Intraplaque haemorrhage (IPH) has been independently associated with a higher risk of future ipsilateral stroke in patients with carotid artery stenosis. Evaluation of plaque characteristics may contribute to risk assessment of recurrent (silent) cerebrovascular events in order to prioritise patients for timing of treatment. It is unknown if patients showing histologically apparent IPH also have increased risk of silent ischaemic brain lesions in the waiting period between index event and revascularisation.
Source: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Symptomatic patients with ipsilateral carotid stenosis and silent brain ischaemia on pre-operative MR-DWI, more often showed pathological evidence of IPH compared with those without ischaemic lesions. This identifies carotid IPH as a marker for patients at risk of silent brain ischaemia and possibly for future stroke and other arterial disease complications. Such patients may be more likely to benefit from CEA than those without evidence of ipsilateral carotid IPH. PMID: 31631008 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: PubMed: Eur J Vasc Endovasc ... - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg Source Type: research
ConclusionThe interactive 3D PDF is a useful extension of standard 2D PDFs and has the potential to communicate 3D data to the reader in a more complete, more comprehensible, and less subjective manner than 2D PDFs.
Source: International Journal of Legal Medicine - Category: Medical Law Source Type: research
We described a case of a patient affected by an aphasic syndrome following cerebral hemorrhage located in right hemisphere. Diagnosis: Considering the correlation between clinical data and instrumental investigations such as magnetic resonance imaging, we diagnose the patient with non-fluent aphasia. Specifically, the patient came to our attention showing a trans-cortical mixed aphasia that, later, developed in a trans-cortical motor aphasia. Contrary to most cases of CAD, our patient does not show apraxia and visuo-spatial neglect. Interventions language and visual attention when latter functions are related to right hem...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
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