Understanding the axonal response to injury by in vivo imaging in the mouse spinal cord: A tale of two branches.

This article reviews evidence from in vivo spinal cord imaging that axonal branches markedly impact the degenerative and regenerative responses to injury. At a major bifurcation point, depending on whether one or both axonal branches are injured, neurons may choose either a more self-preservative response or a more dynamic response. The stabilizing effect of the spared branch may underlie a well-known divergence in neuronal responses to injury, and illustrates an example where in vivo spinal cord imaging reveals insights that are difficult to elucidate with conventional histological methods. PMID: 30986398 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Experimental Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Exp Neurol Source Type: research

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Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Since the discovery of induced pluripotency more than a decade ago, researchers have been working towards the use of this technology to produce cells for use in tissue engineering and regenerative therapies. Induced pluripotent stem cells are functionally equivalent to embryonic stem cells; given suitable recipes and methods for the surrounding environment and signals, they can be made to generate any of the cell types in the body. The cornea of the eye is a comparatively simple starting point for tissue engineering, easier to work with in many ways, in generating tissues and in delivering cells to the patient. Here, the f...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Daily News Source Type: blogs
Abstract Imaging the dynamic interactions between immune cells, glia, neurons and the vasculature in living rodents has revolutionized our understanding of physiological and pathological mechanisms of the CNS. Emerging microscopy and imaging technologies have enabled longitudinal tracking of structural and functional changes in a plethora of different cell types in the brain. The development of novel methods also allowed stable and longitudinal optical access to the spinal cord with minimum tissue perturbation. These important advances facilitated the application of in vivo imaging using two-photon microscopy for ...
Source: Experimental Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Exp Neurol Source Type: research
Fight Aging! publishes news and commentary relevant to the goal of ending all age-related disease, to be achieved by bringing the mechanisms of aging under the control of modern medicine. This weekly newsletter is sent to thousands of interested subscribers. To subscribe or unsubscribe from the newsletter, please visit: https://www.fightaging.org/newsletter/ Longevity Industry Consulting Services Reason, the founder of Fight Aging! and Repair Biotechnologies, offers strategic consulting services to investors, entrepreneurs, and others interested in the longevity industry and its complexities. To find out m...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Abstract Spinal cord injury (SCI) causes irreversible functional loss of the affected population. The incidence of SCI keeps increasing, resulting in huge burden on the society. The pathogenesis of SCI involves neuron death and exotic reaction, which could impede neuron regeneration. In clinic, the limited regenerative capacity of endogenous cells after SCI is a major problem. Recent studies have demonstrated that a variety of stem cells such as induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), embryonic stem cells (ESCs), mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and neural progenitor cells (NPCs) /neural stem cells (NSCs) have therap...
Source: Current Stem Cell Research and Therapy - Category: Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Curr Stem Cell Res Ther Source Type: research
Adult neurons retain the developmental infrastructure to be able to regrow damaged axons, in principle, but this capability is repressed after early development ends. Researchers here explore the details of the controlling mechanism. The goal at the end of the day is to produce the means to unlock regrowth in adult nerve tissue, particularly the spinal column. A great deal of research and development in regenerative medicine is of this nature, a search for ways to reenable the processes of regulated growth that took place during early development. It is commonly accepted that neurons of the central nervous system ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Daily News Source Type: blogs
Abstract Spinal cord injury (SCI) is one of the leading causes of global disability. However, there are currently no effective clinical treatments for SCI. Repair of SCI is essential but poses great challenges. As a comprehensive treatment program combining biological scaffolds, seed cells and drugs or biological factors, tissue engineering has gradually replaced the single transplantation approach to become a focus of research that brings new opportunities for the clinical treatment of SCI. PMID: 31436130 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Regenerative Medicine - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Regen Med Source Type: research
Regenerative Medicine, Ahead of Print.
Source: Future Medicine: Regenerative Medicine - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Source Type: research
In this study, we designed SCI models in vivo and in vitro and then investigated the possible mechanism of successful repair by BMSCs-Exos. In vivo, we established one Sham group and two SCI model groups. The Basso, Beattie, Bresnahan (BBB) scores showed that BMSCs-Exos could effectively promote the recovery of spinal cord function. The results of the Nissl staining, immunohistochemistry, and TUNEL/NeuN/DAPI double staining showed that BMSCs-Exos inhibited neuronal apoptosis. Western blot analysis showed that the protein expression level of Bcl-2 was significantly increased in the BMSCs-Exos group compared with the PBS gro...
Source: Cell Transplantation - Category: Cytology Authors: Tags: Cell Transplant Source Type: research
Authors: Tian DZ, Deng D, Qiang JL, Zhu Q, Li QC, Yi ZG Abstract OBJECTIVE: To explore the repair of spinal cord injury (SCI) in rats by umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UCMSCs) through the p38mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 45 healthy adult male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 180-220 g and aged 6-8 weeks old were randomly divided into group A (SCI model + transplantation of UCMSCs, n=15), group B (sham operation), and group C (SCI model + injection of an equal dose of DMEM, n=15) using a random number table. The morphology of spinal cord tissues ...
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
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