Image-Based Flow Simulations of Pre- and Post-left Atrial Appendage Closure in the Left Atrium

ConclusionsThis framework successfully predicted patient-specific outcome of a LAA closure procedure for one patient with atrial fibrillation. It can be further developed into a useful tool for pre-procedural planning and candidate selection. More patient data are necessary for further validation studies.
Source: Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

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Emilio Rodríguez-Castro1,2, Manuel Rodríguez-Yáñez1,2, Susana Arias1,2, María Santamaría1,2, Iria López-Dequidt1,2, Ignacio López-Loureiro1, Manuel Rodríguez-Pérez1, Pablo Hervella1, Tomás Sobrino1, Francisco Campos1, José Castillo1* and Ramón Iglesias-Rey1* 1Clinical Neurosciences Research Laboratory, Department of Neurology, Clinical University Hospital, Health Research Institute of Santiago de Compostela (IDIS), Santiago de Compostela, Spain2Stroke Unit, Department of Neurology, Hospital Clínico Universitario, Santiago...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Johannes Schurig1,2*, Karl Georg Haeusler1,2,3, Ulrike Grittner4,5, Christian H. Nolte1,2, Jochen B. Fiebach1,2, Heinrich J. Audebert1,2, Matthias Endres1,2,5,6 and Andrea Rocco1,2 1Center for Stroke Research Berlin, Charité–Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany 2Department of Neurology, Charité–Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany 3Department of Neurology, Universitätsklinikum Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany 4Insitute of Biometry and Clinical Epidemiology, Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany 5Berlin Institute of Heal...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
This study was approved by the ethics committee of the medical faculty of the Ruhr University Bochum. FIGURE 1 Figure 1. Flow chart showing the selection of the study population. Results A total of 59 patients underwent emergency CCTA (Figure 2A) for suspected stroke, of which 44 received the final diagnosis ischemic stroke. There were 17 patients who had ischemic stroke or TIA and known or newly diagnosed atrial fibrillation (Table 1; mean age: 77.5 years, standard deviation: 8.4 years; 53% female). As hypothesized, intracardiac thrombi could be visualized: once in an artificially occluded left atrial appe...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
AbstractWe evaluated the predictive value of several clinical, radiological and laboratory parameters on the risk of predict intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). We conducted a case-control study on a consecutive hospital based series of patients with AF and ICH. A random sample of subjects with AF without ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke was selected from the same hospital in the same period to perform as the control group, with a ratio of two controls per case. All patients underwent the same evaluation protocol. Patients without neuroimaging exams were excluded. During the study period ...
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
A 60-something presented with hypotension, bradycardia, chest pain and back pain.She had a h/o aortic aneurysm, aortic insufficiency, peripheral vascular disease, and hypertension.  She had a mechanical aortic valve.  She was on anti-hypertensives including atenolol, and on coumadin, with an INR of 2.3. She was ill appearing.  BP was 70/49, pulse 60.A bedside echo showed good ejection fraction and normal right ventricle and no pericardial fluid. Here is the initial ECG:What do you think?This ECG actually looks like a left main occlusion (which rarely presents to the ED alive):  ST Elevation in...
Source: Dr. Smith's ECG Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: blogs
Conclusions: Our study is the largest study examining morbidly obese patients on DOACS and provides further evidence of comparable efficacy and safety of the direct oral anti-Xa inhibitors, compared to warfarin, in morbidly obese patients with AF and VTE.DisclosuresKushnir: Janssen: Research Funding. Billett: Bayer: Consultancy; Janssen: Research Funding.
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 332. Antithrombotic Therapy: Management of Challenging Patients and Scenarios Source Type: research
AbstractIn clinical practice, direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) are often started earlier ( ≤ 7 days) than in randomized clinical trials after stroke. We aimed to develop a nomogram model incorporating time of DOAC introduction ≤ 7 days of stroke onset in combination with different degrees of stroke radiological/neurological severity at the time of treatment to predict the prob ability of unfavorable outcome. We conducted a multicenter prospective study including 344 patients who started DOAC 1–7 days after atrial fibrillation-related stroke onset. Computed tomography scan 2...
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
ConclusionsFor AF patients with low risk of stroke, when MDCT images showed no filling defect in the late phase, TEE prior to catheter ablation can be avoided.Key Points•MDCT can help detect the presence of LAA thrombus.•TEE can be avoided when late-phase MDCT shows no filling defect.•TEE is required in patients whose MDCT images indicate thrombus.
Source: European Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
AbstractRationale:To date, the only treatment approved for acute ischemic strokes is thrombolysis. Whether intravenous thrombolysis may be safe in patients taking direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) is currently a matter of debate.Patient concerns:A 74-year-old woman, who was on rivaroxaban 20 mg/d for nonvalvular atrial fibrillation, was admitted to our stroke unit with left-sided hemiparesis and aphasia. The onset of neurologic deficits had occurred 5 hours after the last rivaroxaban dose.Diagnosis:An acute ischemic stroke was diagnosed.Interventions:The patient was administered thrombolytic treatment with intravenous r...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
Conclusions The incidence of LAAT in patients considered for TAVR is high, and LAAT embolization may represent a clinically relevant cause of periprocedural stroke. Dual-phase CCT is an accurate modality for the diagnosis of LAAT. It may obviate the need for pre-procedural TEE. The presence of LAAT should be examined in all patients undergoing TAVR and strategies developed for those patients in whom LAAT is identified.
Source: Journal of the American College of Cardiology: Cardiovascular Interventions - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Structural Source Type: research
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