Inflammatory responses to dietary and surgical weight loss in male and female mice

ConclusionsThese studies demonstrate that regardless of sex, it is critical to assess an individuals ’ history of obesity rather than just rely on current weight status in medical decision-making. There are long-lasting effects on tissue inflammation in both sexes especially with surgical weight loss. Dietary change is overall most effective to improve meta-inflammation in obese males on its own or in combination with surgical weight loss.
Source: Biology of Sex Differences - Category: Biology Source Type: research

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Authors: Sanches E, Timmermans M, Topal B, Celik A, Sundbom M, Ribeiro R, Parmar C, Ugale S, Proczko M, Stepaniak PS, Pujol Rafols J, Mahawar K, Buise MP, Neimark A, Severin R, Pouwels S Abstract Introduction: Obesity is associated with various diseases such as type 2 diabetes, hypertension, obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), metabolic syndrome, and cardiovascular diseases. It affects several organ systems, including the pulmonary and cardiac systems. Furthermore, it induces pulmonary and cardiac changes that can result in right and/or left heart failure.Areas covered: In this review, authors provide an overv...
Source: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy - Category: Cardiology Tags: Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther Source Type: research
This study included 970 patients; 291 patients in the WLS-user group and 679 patients in the non-WLS-user group. In favor of the user group, significantly less de novo deficiencies were found of vitamin B1 (2  years) and vitamin B6 (two and three), folic acid (1 and 2  years), and vitamin B12 (at 1  year). Binomial logistic regression showed a significant influence of multivitamin supplementation mainly on ferritin; vitamins B1, B6, B12, and D; and folic acid, (allp 
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
AbstractIntroductionSeveral reports highlight bariatric surgery as an efficient and long-lasting strategy for weight loss. Herein, we aimed to evaluate the impact of bariatric surgery on 10-year cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk and to compare the effectiveness of different surgical procedures, employing the Framingham Risk Score (FRS).MethodsRetrospective longitudinal observational study of patients undergoing bariatric surgery. Data was assessed preoperatively and during a 4-year follow-up period.ResultsWe evaluated 1449 individuals, 85.2% female, age of 42.4 ± 10.6 years, and preoperative BMI of 44.3 ± 5.8...
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionThis study found significant racial differences in short-term outcomes following bariatric surgery. Factors underlying these disparities are unclear and warrant further investigation.
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionWe demonstrate that rapid weight loss is correlated with the risk of foot drop incidence as a result of PNEN.
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
iff S Abstract PURPOSE: After bariatric surgery (BS) a significant minority of patients do not reach successful weight loss or tend to regain weight. In recent years, interest for the psychological factors that predict post-surgical weight loss has increased with the objective of developing interventions aimed to ameliorate post-surgical outcomes. In the present study, predictive models of successful or poor weight loss 12 months after BS were investigated considering pre-surgery level of psychopathological symptoms, dysfunctional eating behaviors and trait impulsivity at baseline (pre-surgery). METHODS: Sixt...
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research
AbstractIntroductionSleeve gastrectomy (SG) has overtaken Roux-En-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) as the most common bariatric procedure worldwide. However, there is little long-term data comparing the two procedures.ObjectivesWe perform a systematic review and meta-analysis comparing 5-year outcomes of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing RYGB and SG.MethodsMedline, Embase, The Cochrane Library, and NHS Evidence were searched for English language RCTs comparing RYGB with SG and assessed weight loss and/or comorbidity resolution at 5 years.ResultsFive studies were included in the final analysis. Meta-analysis demonstrates...
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Abstract PURPOSE: The aim of this original research is to evaluate the effect of SG on alcohol intake symptoms, blood alcohol content (BAC), and alcohol metabolite levels. METHODS: At 0-6-12 months after SG, BAC of patients was measured at 0, 15, 30, and 60 min, and then every 30 min, and urinary metabolite (ethanol and acetaldehyde) levels were measured 2 h after consuming a standard red wine drink. Symptoms perceived by patients were evaluated using symptom alcoholization post-obesity surgery scores. RESULTS: Thirty obese patients (12 men/18 women; mean body mass index, 44 &p...
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research
SADIS was introduced in 2007 by S ánchez-Pernaute and is accepted as a modification of the widely accepted biliopancreatic diversion with duodeno switch (BPDDS). This paper from Enochs P, et al.1 represents an important addition to the body of growing literature regarding SADI-S and clinical outcomes. The comparison between SADI-S and established bariatric procedures is still limited and no papers either prospective or retrospective have examined weight loss, diabetes mellitus and nutritional status outcomes between SADI-S, RYGB and Sleeve Gastrectomy.
Source: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionObesity is closely associated with primary infertility and PCOD. Menstrual abnormalities associated with PCOD significantly improve after bariatric surgery with significant improvement in fertility along with maternal outcomes.
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
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