Cell-surface Translocation of Annexin A2 contributes to bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis by mediating inflammatory response in mice
Bleomycin, a widely used anti-cancer drug, may give rise to pulmonary fibrosis, a serious side effect which is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Despite the intensive efforts, the precise pathogenic mechanisms of pulmonary fibrosis still remain to be clarified. Our previous study showed that bleomycin bound directly to annexin A2 (ANXA2, or p36), leading to development of pulmonary fibrosis by impeding TFEB-induced autophagic flux. Here, we demonstrated that ANXA2 also played a critical role in bleomycin-induced inflammation, which represents another major cause of bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis. We found that bleomycin could induce the cell surface translocation of ANXA2 in lung epithelial cells through exosomal secretion, associated with enhanced interaction between ANXA2 and p11. Knockdown of ANXA2 or blocking membrane ANXA2 mitigated bleomycin-induced activation of NF-B pathway and production of proinflammatory cytokine IL-6 in lung epithelial cells. ANXA2-deficient (ANXA2-/-) mice treated with bleomycin exhibit reduced pulmonary fibrosis along with decreased cytokine production compared with bleomycin-challenged wild-type mice. Further, the surface ANXA2 inhibitor TM601 could ameliorate fibrotic and inflammatory response in bleomycin-treated mice. Taken together, our results indicated that, in addition to disturbing autophagic flux, ANXA2 can contribute to bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis by mediating inflammatory response.
Tumors display increased uptake and processing of nutrients to fulfill the demands of rapidly proliferating cancer cells. Seminal studies have shown that the proto-oncogene MYC promotes metabolic reprogramming by altering glutamine uptake and metabolism in cancer cells. How MYC regulates the metabolism of other amino acids in cancer is not fully understood. Using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS), we found that MYC increased intracellular levels of tryptophan and tryptophan metabolites in the kynurenine pathway. MYC induced the expression of the tryptophan transporters SLC7A5...
In this study, overexpression or knockdown of SLFN5 gene were induced by lentiviral transfection in human lung cancer cell line A549, then the EMT of A549 was detected by green fluorescent protein labeling method, the migrative and invasive abilities were evaluated via transwell and wound-healing tests in vitro and chick chorioallantoic membrane inoculation in vivo, and the possible mechanism was studied by quantitative real-time PCR and Western blotting. Our results demonstrated that overexpression of SLFN5 promoted the morphology transformation of A549 from epithelial to mesenchymal, as well as migration and invasion. Ho...
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ConclusionOur study warrants IKM5, a potential anticancer agent that can abrogate invasion and metastasis, suggesting its clinical development for the treatment of patients with advanced breast cancer.
In conclusion, this study highlights the radio-sensitizing anticancer efficacy of Ova in human metastatic NPC cells, as well as its putative cytoprotective role in normal bronchial cells, for airway surface liquid maintenance and homeostasis during or after radiotherapy. PMID: 31323224 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
In conclusion, HOTAIRM1 might act as a tumor-suppressor in 5-FU resistant CRC cells in vitro and in vivo through downregulating miR-17-5p/BTG3 pathway and inhibiting multi-drug resistance.
In conclusion, HOTAIRM1 might act as a tumor-suppressor in 5-FU resistant CRC cells in vitro and in vivo through downregulating miR-17-5p/BTG3 pathway and inhibiting multi-drug resistance. PMID: 31261026 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusions: Primary carcinoma with plasmacytoid morphology is a dedifferentiated variant of adenocarcinoma or poorly cohesive carcinomas. Vimentin positive dedifferentiated-poorly cohesive carcinomas should be considered as mesenchymal-type highly malignant carcinomas. This rare histologic variant of gastrointestinal cancer might respond to anti-c-MET tyrosine kinases. PMID: 31205468 [PubMed]
Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is the most commonly diagnosed endocrine cancer, and those with BRAFV600E mutation have high recurrence rate and less favorable clinical behavior. Genistein having anti-carcinoma effects in various types of carcinomas as an estrogen analog, but the mechanism of Genistein in the progression of PTC remains unknown. Genistein significantly inhibits the proliferation and the invasion (P
Abstract Cullin-1 (CUL1) is an important factor for tumor growth and a potential therapeutic target for breast cancer therapy, but the molecular mechanism in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is unknown. In the present study, CUL1 shRNA was transfected into BT549 and MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells. Cell morphology, adhesion, invasion, and migration assays were carried out in the CUL1 knockdown cells. Additionally, protein expression levels of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-related factors, Akt phosphorylation at S473 (pAkt), glycogen synthase kinase-3β phosphorylation at ser9 (pGSK3β), cytopl...