Effects of Aerobic Exercises on Serum Levels of Myonectin and Insulin Resistance in Obese and Overweight Women.

Conclusion: Therefore, considering the role of myonectin in increasing fatty acid uptake, exercise training can play an essential role in decreasing obesity-related diseases and metabolic syndrome; this effect is partly related to the roles of myonectin. Therefore, the use of this type of exercise is recommended to reduce the risk of diseases associated with obesity and metabolic syndrome. PMID: 30894898 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Medicine and Life - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Life Source Type: research

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Authors: Yadav GK, Pahwa M, Singh M, Tyagi V, Chadha S Abstract Testosterone deficiency syndrome (TDS) is a gradual age-related phenomenon that occurs in a large proportion of the aging male population. This current prospective study was done with the objective to estimate the prevalence of age-associated TDS in India and its clinical profile. A total of 800 male patients aged ≥40 year were approached to participate in the study. A brief history and focused examination was done. Based on our exclusion criteria, 55 patients were excluded. Androgen deficiency in aging male (ADAM) questionnaire was administe...
Source: Advances in Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Adv Urol Source Type: research
Authors: Di Chiara T, Tuttolomondo A, Parrinello G, Colomba D, Pinto A, Scaglione R Abstract BACKGROUND: It has been reported that changes in cardiac structure and ventricular function associated with obesity have to be attributable to hemodynamic and non-hemodynamic alterations. Accordingly, the aim of this was to evaluate left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) prevalence and its effect on left ventricular systolic and diastolic function in a cohort of obese patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: LV internal diameter (LVID), left ventricular mass (LVM) and LVM/height2.7(LVMI), relative wall thickness (RWT), LV ejection ...
Source: Acta Cardiologica - Category: Cardiology Tags: Acta Cardiol Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate the relationship between serum adiponectin and resistin with MetS criteria among Temiar subtribe in Kuala Betis.Materials and methodsThis cross sectional study involved 123 subjects from Temiar subtribe in Kuala Betis, Gua Musang, Kelantan. MetS criteria were measured according to standard protocol by modified National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP ATP III) guideline. Anthropometric and biochemical measurements were performed including serum adiponectin and resistin for every study subjects.ResultsSerum adiponectin was significantly lower in MetS subjects (7.9...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
This study was approved by the University of Sydney Animal Ethics Committee (Protocol #2015/816). The experiments described herein were carried out according to the guidelines laid down by the New South Wales Animal Research Act and the 8th Edition of the Australian code for the care and use of animals for scientific purposes. Animal Characteristics Sample size for this study was calculated as follows: considering previous studies from our group (Martinez-Huenchullan et al., 2018) and that one of our main outcomes was muscle high-molecular weight (HMW) adiponectin, having a statistical significance of 0.05). In body comp...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
ConclusionLow levels of antioxidants and increased oxidative stress with insulin resistance along with the observed correlation between these parameters suggest that women with PCOS are under oxidative stress which supports the concept that oxidative stress is involved in PCOS pathophysiology. Thus oxidative stress could be a contributory factor to future cardiovascular disease risk in these women in addition to known features like dyslipidemia, central obesity, etc.
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
This study provides evidence of increasing trend and threat to overweight and obesity for the Bangladeshi youth.
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
In this study, we identified 37 genus-level core bacteria from feces of 101 healthy mice with different ages, sexes, and mouse strains in three previous studies. They collectively represented nearly half of the total sequences, and predominantly included carbohydrate- and amino acids-metabolizing bacteria and immunomodulatory bacteria. Among them, Anaerostipes indwelt the gut of all healthy mice. Co-abundance analysis showed that these core genera were clustered into five groups (Group C1–C5), which were ecologically related. For example, the abundances of Group C2 including probiotics Bifidobacterium and Lactobacill...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
This study aimed to compare the effect of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) with moderate-intensity continuous training (MCT) on endothelial function, oxidative stress and clinical fitness in patients with type 1 diabetes. Thirty-six type 1 diabetic patients (mean age 23.5 ± 6 years) were randomized into 3 groups: HIIT, MCT, and a non-exercising group (CON). Exercise was performed in a stationary cycle ergometers during 40 min, 3 times/week, for 8 weeks at 50–85% maximal heart rate (HRmax) in HIIT and 50% HRmax in MCT. Endothelial function was measured by flow-mediated dilation (FMD) [endothelium-depende...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Ali Mahzari1, Songpei Li1, Xiu Zhou1,2, Dongli Li2, Sherouk Fouda1, Majid Alhomrani1, Wala Alzahrani1, Stephen R. Robinson1 and Ji-Ming Ye1,2* 1Lipid Biology and Metabolic Disease Laboratory, School of Health and Biomedical Sciences, RMIT University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia 2School of Biotechnology and Health Sciences, Wuyi University, Jiangmen, China The present study investigated the effects of matrine on non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) in mice induced by a methionine choline-deficient (MCD) diet and the mechanism involved. The study was performed in C57B/6J mice fed a MCD diet for 6 weeks to induce NAS...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Sonia Baig1‡, Ehsan Parvaresh Rizi1,2‡, Chelsea Chia3, Muhammad Shabeer1, Nweni Aung1, Tze Ping Loh4, Faidon Magkos5,6†, Antonio Vidal-Puig7, Raymond C. S. Seet1,2, Chin Meng Khoo1,2§ and Sue-Anne Toh1,2,8,9*§ 1Department of Medicine, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore 2Department of Medicine, National University Health System, Singapore, Singapore 3Trinity College Dublin, University of Dublin, Dublin, Ireland 4Department of Laboratory Medicine, National University Health System, Singapore, Singapore 5Department of Physiology, Yo...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
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