Epidemiology of Taenia saginata taeniosis/cysticercosis: a systematic review of the distribution in the Middle East and North Africa

The zoonotic parasite Taenia saginata utilizes bovines as an intermediate host (causing cysticercosis) and humans as the definitive host (causing taeniosis). The public health burden of T. saginata is assumed to ...
Source: Parasites and Vectors - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research

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Abstract Zoonotic helminths of three rodent species, Bandicota indiaca, Bandicota savilei, and Leopoldamys edwardsi, were investigated in Vientiane capital, Lao PDR. A total of 310 rodents were infected with 11 species of helminth parasites. There were 168 (54.2%) of 310 rodents infected with zoonotic helminths. From our results, there are six recorded zoonotic helminth species, and the highest prevalence was exhibited by Raillietina sp. (30.7%), followed by Hymenolepis diminuta (17.7%), Hymenolepis nana (2.6%), Echinostoma ilocanum (1.9%), Echinostoma malayanum (1.3%), and Angiostrongylus cantonensis (1%). This i...
Source: The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Tags: Am J Trop Med Hyg Source Type: research
Tappe D Abstract Taenia martis is a tapeworm dwelling in the intestine of mustelids and a rare zoonotic cysticercosis pathogen in its larval stage. The metacestode is morphologically very similar to more prevalent cysticercosis parasites, such as the larvae of Taenia solium and Taenia crassiceps, and may be indistinguishable from other metacestodes on histological sections. However, the epidemiology of human T. martis infections is different, and for prognosis, prevention, and detection of natural parasite reservoirs, the species should be identified. We here report the molecular identification of a T. martis larv...
Source: The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Tags: Am J Trop Med Hyg Source Type: research
Abstract Fasciolopsis buski, also called the giant intestinal fluke, is the largest intestinal fluke of the zoonotic trematode parasites and found mainly in Southeast Asian countries, including China. Fasciolopsis buski infection was formerly a common health problem in many countries, but it is now rare. Typically, it can be cured by oral drugs, but some infected patients need surgical intervention because of the severity of their condition or because of an unclear diagnosis or even misdiagnosis. Here, we report a case of a 15-year-old girl from Guizhou Province, China, presenting with recurrent upper-middle abdom...
Source: The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Tags: Am J Trop Med Hyg Source Type: research
In conclusion, the current work clarifies and highlights a high infection rate of EMC in edible tilapia fish in the study area, also the possible role of cats as a reservoir of the digenetic trematodes particularly the zoonoticH. heterophyes, that necessities planning and application of suitable control measures; and continuous monitoring of fish zoonotic parasites as well as cats and its parasites.
Source: Journal of Parasitic Diseases - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
Abstract Wildlife vaccination is of urgent interest to reduce disease-induced extinction and zoonotic spillover events. However, several challenges complicate its application to wildlife. For example, vaccines rarely provide perfect immunity. While some protection may seem better than none, imperfect vaccination can present epidemiological, ecological, and evolutionary challenges. While anti-infection and antitransmission vaccines reduce parasite transmission, antidisease vaccines may undermine herd immunity, select for increased virulence, or promote spillover. These imperfections interact with ecological and log...
Source: Trends in Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Authors: Tags: Trends Parasitol Source Type: research
Authors: Bonilla-Aldana DK, Pomares-Cantillo LH, Beltrán-Sánchez CA, Bettin-Martínez AC, Campo-Urbina ML, Rodriguez-Morales AJ, Pérez-Doria A Abstract Tick-borne pathogens are etiological agents of some zoonotic diseases, causing important consequences in animal and human health. These are emerging around the world, especially in tropical countries including Colombia. Domestic dogs play an essential role in the epidemiology of several zoonotic tick-borne pathogens. We performed the detection of bacteria from Anaplasmataceae family and parasites from the Piroplasmida order, in 85 domestic...
Source: Infezioni in Medicina - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Infez Med Source Type: research
Plasmodium knowlesi is a significant cause of human malaria in Sarawak, Malaysian Borneo. Only one study has been previously undertaken in Sarawak to identify vectors of P. knowlesi, where Anopheles latens was in...
Source: Parasites and Vectors - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Leishmaniasis is a neglected vector-borne disease caused by an intracellular protozoan parasite belonging to the genus Leishmania spp. (Alvar et al., 2012). Clinical presentations include a broad range of manifestations, ulcerative lesions of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL), Mucocutaneous Leishmaniasis (ML), and visceral leishmaniasis (VL), also known as kala-azar (Desjeux, 2004). CL is the dominant manifestation and widely distributed worldwide, affecting approximately 1.5 to 2 million new cases each year and 350 million are at risk of acquiring the disease (WHO, 2018; Steverding, 2017).
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
In a warmer and more globally connected Arctic, vector-borne pathogens of zoonotic importance may be increasing in prevalence in native wildlife. Recently, Bartonella henselae, the causative agent of cat scratch ...
Source: Parasites and Vectors - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: This is the first confirmed case in Slovakia of human cryptosporidiosis caused by the unique subtype IIdA15G1. PMID: 32955234 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine : AAEM - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Ann Agric Environ Med Source Type: research
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