Long-Term Effectiveness of Antireflux Surgery in Esophageal Atresia Patients
Conclusion In the long term, ARP is not effective in reducing GERD as measured as Ri in EA patients. The ARP group had significantly lower weight at 1 and 7 years of age than the non-ARP group, but this was not the case at the age of 15. [...] Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New YorkArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents | Abstract | Full text
Conclusion: Using a sling of the linea alba around the cardioesophageal junction, prevents gastroesophageal reflux and escape of air from esophagus into the stomach, gives time to improve the respiratory and nutritional status of the patient, for a subsequent safer delayed primary anastomosis.
This study lists the various anomalies on the basis of 504 references selected from a PubMed search in October 2018. RESULTS: The anomalies are grouped into three categories: anatomical anomalies: duodenal atresia and stenosis (3.9%), duodenal web and annular pancreas; aberrant right subclavian artery (12% of children with DS with cardiac anomaly); Hirschsprung's disease (2.76%); anorectal malformation (1.16%); congenital vascular malformations of the liver; orofacial cleft, bifid uvula (4.63%), and submucous orofacial cleft; esophageal atresia (0.5-0.9%); pyloric stenosis (0.3%); diaphragmatic hernia; malrotation of ...
Discussion Respiratory problems in infants can caused by many things including any type of obstruction from the nose to lung. Neonates and infants are particularly susceptible to changes in the size of the airway because of the physics of airflow resistance. Important reminders about infant airways: Resistance = 1/radius4 (Poiseuille’s equation) therefore even a 1 mm decrease in the airway circumferences increases the airflow resistance x16. Increased airflow causes less pressure along the walls, which can lead to collapse of the walls (Bernoulli’s and Venturi effects). Neonates have smaller lungs relative to ...
CONCLUSIONS: Although BE is considered a premalignant condition; incidence of carcinoma in pediatric population is low. Long-term follow-up with endoscopies and biopsies seems to be advisable for BE evidence and malignant alterations. PMID: 29992379 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
We report a series of four EA patients who developed a carcinoma of the gastrointestinal tract: three esophageal carcinoma and one colorectal carcinoma in a colonic interposition. These cases emphasize the importance of lifelong screening of the upper gastrointestinal tract in EA patients. PMID: 29531469 [PubMed - in process]
Esophageal atresia is rare, but improved surgical and intensive care techniques have increased rates of survival in children, so there are now many adults with this disorder. Many patients with esophageal atresia develop gastroesophageal reflux (GER), raising concerns about increased risk of Barrett ’s esophagus (BE; prevalence of 1.3%–1.6% in general population) and esophageal carcinoma. We assessed the prevalence of BE and esophageal carcinoma in this population.
ConclusionsCompared with OR, a longer operative time was associated within TR group, although the TR procedure could possibly reduce the length of hospital stay and first oral feeding time. Meanwhile, the occurrence rate for leaks, strictures, pulmonary complications, and the fundoplication rate of GERD, and blood loss were similar between the OR and TR groups. Estimated result of ventilation time between the two groups remained ambiguous.
AbstractBackgroundWe assessed the quality of life (QOL) of postoperative esophageal atresia (EA) with tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) cases, comparing open with thoracoscopic repair.MethodsA retrospective review of consecutive EA/TEF repairs (2001 –2014) was performed, excluding cases with birth weight less than 2000 g and severe cardiac/chromosomal anomalies. Of 37 cases, 13 had thoracoscopic repair (TR) and 24 had open repair (OR) according to the operating surgeon’s preference. QOL was determined regularly by scoring responses to a st andard questionnaire about oral intake, vomiting, bougienage, coughin...
ConclusionGestation, birth weight, and cardiac anomalies could be risk factors for developmental disorders. Moreover, overall complications, GER, and oral ingestion may affect development.
Conclusions: Swallowing dysfunction is common in adults who underwent EA/TEF repair as infants; however, patients reported minimal effect on QOL or day-to-day activities. The SDQ is a valid and reliable tool to measure the full spectrum of swallowing dysfunction in the EA/TEF repair population.