Study of Boston Scientific ’s Lotus, Medtronic’s CoreValve shows similar outcomes at 2 years

Two-year results from a head-to-head study comparing transcatheter aortic heart valve replacement devices from both Boston Scientific (NYSE:BSX) and Medtronic (NYSE:MDT) indicated similar outcomes for the competing products. The study, published recently in the journal JAMA Cardiology, compared Marlborough, Mass.-based Boston Scientific’s Lotus valve to Fridley, Minn.-based Medtronic’s CoreValve system. Investigators in the study compared outcomes for 912 patients with high or extreme risk and severe, symptomatic aortic stenosis after treatment with one of the two devices. Patients, treated between September 22, 2014 and December 24, 2015, were randomized two to one to receive the Lotus valve or CoreValve system at 55 centers spanning North America, Australia and Europe, according to study results. Main outcomes being explored by researchers were all-cause mortality and all-cause mortality or disabling stroke at two years. Other factors examined included overall stroke, disabling stroke, repeat procedures, rehospitalization, valve thrombosis and pacemaker implantation. At two years, results indicated similar rates of all-cause mortality, mortality and disabling stroke between the competing valve devices, according to the study results. All-cause death was reported at 21.3% with the Lotus valve, versus 22.5% with the CoreValve, while rates of all-cause mortality or disabling stroke were 22.8% with the Lotus and 27% with the CoreValve. Rates of overall str...
Source: Mass Device - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Cardiovascular Clinical Trials Featured Replacement Heart Valves Boston Scientific Medtronic Source Type: news

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AbstractKey contentThe number of women attending gynaecological services who are taking oral anticoagulants and antiplatelet agents is increasing.Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) are becoming increasingly popular and offer an alternative to warfarin.Knowledge of the use of anticoagulants in the perioperative period is imperative to provide optimal care and ensure patient safety.It is essential that health professionals practising gynaecology, at all levels, keep up to date to reduce unnecessary cancellations, delays in treatment and increased risks of thrombosis and bleeding.Learning objectivesTo understand the managemen...
Source: The Obstetrician and Gynaecologist - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: REVIEWS Source Type: research
ConclusionCBS contains analogous types and amounts of constituents and exerts approximate therapeutic effects compared to the NCB, thus the CBS might be used as the sustainable substitute of NCB. Furthermore, configuration and concentration of bile acids and bilirubin in C. bovis are responsible for the difference of pharmacological effects in four types C. bovis. The next study should focus on the structure-function relationship of bile acids and bilirubin in C. bovis by pharmacokinetics.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 February 2020Source: Anaesthesia Critical Care &Pain MedicineAuthor(s): Audrey De Jong, Amélie Rollé, François-Régis Souche, Olfa Yengui, Daniel Verzilli, Gérald Chanques, David Nocca, Emmanuel Futier, Samir JaberAbstractThe obese patient is at risk of perioperative complications including difficult airway access (intubation, difficult or impossible ventilation), and postextubation acute respiratory failure due to the formation of atelectases or to airway obstruction. The association of obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSA) with obesity is very ...
Source: Anaesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
Excellent outcomes of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) have been experienced by patients with aortic stenosis at high and intermediate risk of surgery.1 Findings from large randomised trials1,2 have shown survival with TAVR that is similar to or improved compared with bioprosthetic surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR), and very low stroke rates have been observed with new-generation devices. Investigators of echocardiographic follow-up studies3 have consistently reported low transvalvular gradients up to 5 years after TAVR and SAVR, with slightly greater aortic valve areas after TAVR than after SAVR.
Source: LANCET - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Comment Source Type: research
Authors: Montarello NJ, Nelson AJ, Sidharta SL, Worthley SG Abstract Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) can now be considered a standard of care for inoperable and high-risk surgical patients with severe aortic stenosis, and its uptake worldwide is rapidly increasing. Indeed, many centers performing the procedure have now moved towards treating intermediate-risk patients with TAVI rather than referring them for surgical aortic valve replacement. Although the incidence of peri-procedural acute and subacute stroke following TAVI has fallen to 2-5%, its occurrence can be life-threatening and life-changing,...
Source: Journal of Heart Valve Disease - Category: Cardiology Tags: J Heart Valve Dis Source Type: research
Authors: Robson A, Sturman J, Williamson P, Conboy P, Penney S, Wood H Abstract This is the official guideline endorsed by the specialty associations involved in the care of head and neck cancer patients in the UK. This paper provides recommendations on the pre-treatment clinical assessment of patients presenting with head and neck cancer. Recommendations • Comorbidity data should be collected as it is important in the analysis of survival, quality of life and functional outcomes after treatment as well as for comparing results of different treatment regimens and different centres. (R) • Patients with hyp...
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research
In this study, cangrelor was discontinued 1-6 hours prior to surgery, while aspirin was continued throughout the perioperative period. Bridging with cangrelor did not increase major bleeds prior to surgery, though minor bleeds, mostly ecchymosis at venipuncture site, was higher. P2Y12 assay documented sufficient platelet inhibition corresponding to levels required for anti thrombotic effect [1]. Cangrelor is awaiting approval and more large scale trials regarding the use of bridging are needed. Reference 1. Angiolillo DJ et al; BRIDGE Investigators. Bridging antiplatelet therapy with cangrelor in patients undergoing ...
Source: Cardiophile MD - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Cardiology MCQ DM / DNB Cardiology Entrance Source Type: blogs
Abstract Atrial fibrillation (AF) confers a substantial risk of stroke. Recent trials comparing vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) with non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) in AF were performed among patients with so-called "non-valvular" AF. The distinction between "valvular" and "non-valvular" AF remains a matter of debate. Currently, "valvular AF" refers to patients with mitral stenosis or artificial heart valves (and valve repair in North American guidelines only), and should be treated with VKAs. Valvular heart diseases, such as mitral regurgitation, aortic st...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research
Conclusion The JenaValve transapical TAVI system is a safe and feasible procedure with low peri- and postoperative complications and convincing midterm performance of the prosthesis. PMID: 26030120 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: Thorac Cardiovasc Surg Source Type: research
Conclusion The JenaValve transapical TAVI system is a safe and feasible procedure with low peri- and postoperative complications and convincing midterm performance of the prosthesis.[...]Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New YorkArticle in Thieme eJournals:Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text
Source: The Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: Original Cardiovascular Source Type: research
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