Babesia odocoilei and zoonotic pathogens identified from Ixodes scapularis ticks in southern Ontario, Canada

Publication date: Available online 27 February 2019Source: Ticks and Tick-borne DiseasesAuthor(s): Ellie L. Milnes, Grace Thornton, Alexandre N. Léveillé, Pauline Delnatte, John R. Barta, Dale A. Smith, Nicole NemethAbstractCervid babesiosis, caused by the protozoan hemoparasite Babesia odocoilei and transmitted by the blacklegged tick Ixodes scapularis, is an emerging disease of Canadian cervids. This pathogen has not yet been described in humans. Data are lacking on the role of migratory birds in the adventitious spread of Ba. odocoilei-infected ticks, as well as on the infection status of I. scapularis in environments used by susceptible wildlife hosts. Following a high-mortality outbreak of cervid babesiosis at the Toronto Zoo [TZ], the present study was initiated to investigate Ba. odocoilei and other tick-borne pathogens of veterinary and public health importance (Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto (s.s.), Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Borrelia miyamotoi, and Babesia microti) in I. scapularis at three sites in southern Ontario, Canada. Blanket dragging for questing ticks yielded I. scapularis from the three sites evaluated: TZ, Point Pelee National Park, and LPBO. Babesia odocoilei was identified in I. scapularis collected by dragging at the TZ and at Long Point Bird Observatory [LPBO]. Borrelia burgdorferi s.s. was identified in I. scapularis at all three sites. Anaplasma phagocytophilum was identified in I. scapularis collected from the TZ. During the sprin...
Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases - Category: Zoology Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 16 February 2020Source: Canadian Journal of DiabetesAuthor(s): Tomoyuki Kawada
Source: Canadian Journal of Diabetes - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
This article aims to classify the severity grading assessments for both insulin resistance (IR) syndrome and status of pancreatic beta (β) islet cells’ function using the homeostasis model assessment method (that is; homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance [HOMA-IR] and homeostasis model assessment-pancreatic beta (β) islet cells’ function [HOMA-B] indices) with the focus of disseminating this information rapidly for clinical use by physicians in their patients with dysfunctional regulation of glucose metabolism. It will also assist clinicians to prevent and screen for these individuals who ar...
Source: Canadian Journal of Diabetes - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Authors: Ossipov MH, Raffa RB, Pergolizzi JV Abstract Migraine is a common, painful and highly disabling neurological condition that has plagued mankind for millennia, but its pathophysiology remained largely obscure until recently. The clinical success of triptans for treating migraine and the discovery that calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) plays a prominent role in migraine led to increased research interest into this disease. An important improvement has been the development of monoclonal antibodies, including galcanezumab, that bind to CGRP or to its receptor, preventing its activation. Subsequent clinica...
Source: Drugs of Today - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Drugs Today (Barc) Source Type: research
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Source: Health News: - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Coronavirus outbreak Science Infectious diseases Brighton UK news Source Type: news
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Source: Student Doctor Network - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: International Dental Source Type: forums
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Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news
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Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 14 February 2020Source: Veterinary MicrobiologyAuthor(s): Lida Omaleki, Scott A. Beatson, Thotsapol Thomrongsuwannakij, Patrick J. Blackall, Nicky Buller, Sam Hair, Simone Vitali, Alisa Wallace, Conny Turni, Brian M. FordeAbstractA septicaemic disease outbreak caused by Pasteurella multocida at a zoo in Western Australia (Zoo A) occurred in a resident group of squirrel gliders (Petaurus norfolcensis) following the introduction of two squirrel gliders imported from another zoo (Zoo B). P. multocida isolates obtained from the affected animals and asymptomatic, cohabiting marsupials at both ...
Source: Veterinary Microbiology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
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